In the last two decades, there has been observed a noticeable increase in the popularity and availability of air transport services, including regional ones. This intensive development of transport is accompanied by an increase in the adverse impact to the environment, increases noise level, and exhausts emissions, despite the modification and modernization of engines. Determining the emission for regional flights takes into account the specificity of the aircrafts design, such as the size of the aircraft and the performance of the engines. In this article, an attempt was made to determine the CO2 emissions of a business jet flying from Gdansk to Rzeszow. The methodology of the research (the method of calculating emissions based on fuel consumption) and the performance characteristics of the aircraft engines have been described. In the first part of the article, the speed-altitude characteristics of the DGEN-380 engine for different cruise parameters were determined using the virtual engine test bench WESTT CS/B. These characteristics have enabled the engine to match the flight characteristics (altitude, speed). For specific flight parameters, the thrust and fuel consumption were determined. On this basis, for the adopted trajectory and flight time of an aircraft equipped with two DGEN-380 engines, total fuel consumption and CO2 emission factors and values in CRUISE phase was determined with regard to the wind speed and direction. The obtained results were illustrated graphically and discussed.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
 Antoine N. E. Kroo I. M. Framework for Aircraft Conceptual Design and Environmental Performance Studies AIAA Journal Vol. 43 10 pp. 2100-2109 2005.
 Archer L. J. Aircraft Emissions and the Environment Oxford Institute for Energy Studies 1993.
 Bower G. Kroo I. Multi-Objective Aircraft Optimization for Minimum Cost and Emissions over Specific Route Networks The 26th Congress of ICAS and 8th AIAA ATIO 2008.
 Cichosz E. et al. Charakterystyka i zastosowanie napędów Wyd. Komunikacji i Łączności Warszawa 1980.
 Garrison M. DuBois D. Baughcum S. Aircraft Emission Inventories & Scenarios presented to the Ultra-Efficient Engine Technology Program (UEET) Technology Forum Westlake OH October 27-29 2003.
 Głowacki P. Szczeciński S. Transport Lotniczy Zagrożenia Ekologiczne oraz Sposoby ich Ograniczania Biblioteka Naukowa Instytutu Lotnictwa Warszawa 2013.
 Green J. E. Greener by Design – the technology challenge The Aeronautical Journal Vol. 106 No. 1056 2002.
 Hamy A. Murrieta-Mendoza A. Botez R. Flight trajectory optimization to reduce fuel burn and polluting emissions using a performance database and ant colony optimization algorithm. AEGATS2016_23 2016.
 Henderson R. P. Martins J. R. R. A. Perez R. E. Aircraft conceptual design for optimal environmental performance The Aeronautical Journal Vol. 116 1175 pp. 1-22 2012.
 ICAO Airport Air Quality Manual Doc. No. 9889 First Edition 2011.
 Jakubowski R. Evaluation of performance properties of two combustor turbofan engine Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability Vol. 17 (4) pp. 575-581 2015.
 Jeż M. Transport Lotniczy a Zrównoważony Rozwój Biblioteka Naukowa Instytutu Lotnictwa Warszawa 2009.
 Khardi S. Kurniawan J. Combined effect of Aircraft Noise and Pollutant Emissions in the Intermediate Atmospheric Layers International Joint Research Project Universitas Indonesia – Indonesia INRETS-LTE Report n° 1010 INRETS – FRANCE 2010.
 Kim B. Y. Fleming G. G. et al. System for assessing Aviation’s Global Emissions (SAGE). Part 1: model description and inventory results Transp. Res. D 12 2007.
 Łukasik B. Analysis of the possibility of using full electric technologies for future aircraft propulsion system in terms of mission energy consumption NOx/CO2emission and noise reduction Rozprawa doktorska Instytut Lotnictwa Warszawa 2017.
 Masiol M. Harrison R. M. Aircraft Engine Exhaust Emissions and other Airport-Related Contributions to Ambient Air Pollution: A Review Atmospheric Environment Vol. 95 2014.
 Merkisz J. Markowski J. Pielecha J. Karpinski D. Galant M. The Investigation of the Influence of the Oxygen Additive to Fuel on the Particle Emissions from a Small Turbine Engine 18 ETH – Conference on Combustion Generated Nanoparticles Zurich 2014.
 Penner J. E. Aviation and the Global Atmosphere Cambridge University Press 1999.
 Ramanathan V. Feng Y. Air Pollution Greenhouse Gases and Climate Change: Global and Regional Perspectives Atmospheric Environment Vol. 43 2009.
 Schäfer W. A. Waitz A. I. Air transportation and environment Transp. Policy 34 2014.
 Serafino G. Inter-dependencies between emissions of CO2NOx & Noise from aviation - multi-objective trajectory optimization to reduce aircraft emissions in case of unforeseen weather events 29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences 2014.
 Singh V. Fuel consumption minimization of transport aircraft using real-coded genetic algorithm Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering 2 095441001770589 2017.
 Singh V. Sharma S. K. Evolving base for the fuel consumption optimization in Indian air transport: application of structural equation modeling European Transport Research Review 2014.
 Wang Y. Xing Y. Xiongqing Y. Zhang S. Flight operation and airframe design for tradeoff between cost and environmental impact Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering 095441001774896 2018.
 Wilson D. Korakianitis T. The design of high-efficiency turbomachinery and gas turbines The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press. Cambridge. Massachusetts. London England. Second Edition 2014.
 Wuebbles D. Gupta M. Ko M. Evaluating the Impacts of Aviation on Climate Change EOS Transactions American Geophysical Union Vol. 88 No. 14 pp. 157-160 2007.
 Wygonik P. Kryteria doboru parametrów silnika turbinowego do samolotu wielozadaniowego Silniki Spalinowe Nr 4 2006.