The Influence of Changing of Treatment Condition on Surface Roughness Parameter During Turning Process by Wiper Insert

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Abstract

One of the greatest problems of modern production techniques is the achievement of an appropriate quality at minimal costs and accompanied by the production efficiency increase. Therefore, while designing the production process. The technology used should have a considerable influence on the durability and reliability of machine parts to be produced. During finish treatment, the final dimensions as well as functional properties are imparted to a given element by application of proper treatment type. The engineer has a range of production techniques to choose for the proper surface layer formation. It is crucial to find a suitable solution which will meet the requirements as well as the work conditions of a given machine part. The article presents the results of influence of change of cutting parameters on surface roughness parameter during turning process of stainless steel. A shaft made of 304L stainless steel was used for the research. The chemical composition of steel was measured by Solaris-ccd plus optical spectrometer. The cutting process was carried out on a universal CDS 6250 BX-1000 centre lathes. Measurement of surface roughness was carried out by T8000 profilometer. The turning process was conducted by a cutting tool with Wiper insert. During the turning, the following machining parameters were used: cutting speed Vc [m/min], feed f [mm/rev], cutting depth ap [mm] and additionally changed nose radius r [mm], and tool cutting edge angle ᵪr [°]. The results of measurements of Ra parameter underwent statistic analysis. The calculations were conducted by Statistica software.

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