Spectrofluorimetry of Chosen Distillates of Oil after Pyrolysis of Scrap Tires

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Abstract

One of way to obtain liquid hydrocarbons can be pyrolysis of scrap tires. The hydrocarbon substances produced by this method may be an addition to traditional fuels, i.e. gasolines or fuels for diesel engines. In laboratory conditions at Department of Mechatronics of University of Warmia and Mazury there were obtained pyrolytic products and prepared three distillates related to temperatures 160, 204 and 350ºC. Analyses of shapes of fluorescence spectra were carried out in Department of Physics of Gdynia Maritime University. Spectra of fluorescence were prepared applying the spectrofluorimeter Hitachi F-7000 FL, which allows applying of excitation wavelength from 200 nm until 600 nm, whereas analysing of emitted, can be performed until 750 nm. In here reported study excitation and emission range for the most intense fluorescence are presented. There were prepared four solutions of pyrolytic products in the n-hexane: 4 ppm, 20 ppm, 100 ppm and 500 ppm. In order to show dependence of intensity fluorescence and shapes of excitation-emission spectra on type of distillate and concentration both kind of visualization – three-dimensional and as contour maps – are shown in this article. In analysed range of wavelengths, intensity of fluorescence grows with concentration of oil, whereas structure of the shape of spectra simplify when concentration increases. The presented effects associated with the fluorescence of pyrolysis products allow to predict the possibility of developing a method for determining the content of these substances in mixtures with petroleum refining products and other liquid hydrocarbons.

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