Influence of Thermal Signal Characteristics on Defect Detection in GFRP by Active Optical Thermography

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Abstract

Advances in technological development, since the 1990s, has been associated with the development of two basic domains of knowledge: information technology and material engineering. The development of material engineering is directly related to composite materials. One group of composite materials are fibre-reinforced composites. Due to their unique properties, they are used in various fields of engineering sectors. Composites reinforced with glass fibre (GFRP) are the second most commonly used composite after carbon fibre reinforced composites (CFRP). GFRP in many cases can replace traditional structural materials, which are usually made from metal. Of course, this material is exposed to damage both in production and operation phases. One method of non-destructive testing that effectively identifies defects in GFRP is active optical thermography. In this method, for thermal stimulation of the tested material, various types of heat sources are used for example: heating lamps, lasers etc. This article analyses the influence of the characteristics of the thermal optical sources on detection of typical defects in GFRP.

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