Simulation Investigation of Operational Conditions of Rotor for High-Speed Compound Helicopter

Jarosław Stanisławski 1
  • 1 Institute of Aviation, 02-256, Warsaw, Poland


The article presents results of simulations concerning possibilities of rotorcraft performance enhancements for compound helicopters with introduced additional wings and propellers. The simple model of helicopter including a point mass of fuselage and a rotor treated as a disk was used for calculations of helicopter flight equilibrium conditions. For the defined flight states, the more detailed model of elastic blade was applied to compute magnitude of rotor loads and level of blade deformations. The model of elastic blade includes out-of-plane bending, in plane bending, and torsion effects due to variable aerodynamic and inertial loads of rotor blades. Equations of motion of rotor blades are solved applying Runge-Kutta method. Taking into account Galerkin method, parameters of blade motion are computed as a combination of assumed torsion and bending Eigen modes of the rotor blade. The six-bladed rotor with stiff connections of blades and hub was applied for comparison of flight envelope for conventional helicopter and versions of compound rotorcraft with additional propellers and with wings and propellers. Simulations indicate that, in the case of compound helicopter configuration, achieving the operational flight conditions at high speed of 400 km/h is possible without generating excessive loads and blade deformations. The results of calculations of rotor loads and generated blade deflections are presented in form of time-run plots and as rotor disk distributions, which depend on radial and azimuthal positions of blade elements. The simulation investigation may help to define demands for rotor of high-speed helicopter.

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