Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies are a perspective solution to reduce the amount of CO2 emissions. One of promising methods is Ca-looping, which is based on carbonation and calcination reactions. During both of these processes, especially calcination, high temperatures (650-950°C) are required. This means high demands on the corrosion resistance of equipment materials. Therefore, we carried out a study to suggest materials with suitable properties for calciner construction, which have to be particularly heat resistant: stainless steels (AISI 304, AISI 316L and AISI 316Ti) and nickel alloys (Inconel 713, Inconel 738, Incoloy 800H). A special device simulating calciner environment was built for this purpose. Chosen materials were tested in temperature 900°C, atmospheric pressure and gaseous environment with composition that can be possible in a calciner. The surfaces of materials were evaluated to determine composition and properties of formed oxide layers. High temperature oxidation was observed on all tested materials and oxide exfoliation occurred on some of tested materials (304, 316L).
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
1. Blamey J. Anthony E. J. Wang J. Fenell P. S.: The calcium looping cycle for large-scale CO2 capture. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 2010 36 260-279.
2. Ciahotný K. Staf M. Hlinčík T. Vrbová V. Tekáč J. Jiříček I.: Vysokoteplotní karbonátová smyčka - moderní metoda odstraňování CO2 ze spalin. Http://hitecarlo.vscht.cz (Accesed 9 May 2017).
3. Sim S. Cole I.S. Choi Y.-S. Birbilis N.: A review of the protection strategies against internal corrosion for the safe transport of supercritical CO2 via steel pipelines for CCS purposes. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014 29 185-199.
4. Firouzdor V. Sridharan K. Cao G. Anderson M. Allen T.R.: Corrosion of a stainless steel and nickel-based alloys in high temperature supercritical carbon dioxide environment. Corros. Sci. 2013 69 281-291.
5. Cao G. et al.: Corrosion of austenitic alloys in high temperature supercritical carbon dioxide. Corros. Sci. 2012 62 246-255.
6. Berstad D. Anantharaman R. Jordal K.: Post-combustion CO2 capture from a natural gas combined cycle by CaO/ CaCO3 looping. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2012 11 25-33.
7. Rouillard F. Furukawa T.: Corrosion of 9-12Cr ferritic-martensitic steels in high-temperature CO2. Corros. Sci. 2016 105 120-132.
8. Gheno T. Monceau D. Zhang J.Q. Young D. J.: Carburisation of ferritic Fe-Cralloys by low carbon activity gases. Corros. Sci. 2011 53 2767-2777.
9. Young D. Huczkowski P. Olszewski T. Huttel T. Singheiser L. Quadakkers W.J.: Non-steady state carburisation of martensitic 9-12%Cr steels in CO2 rich gases at 550◦C. Corros. Sci. 2014 88 161-169.