Training of Trainers at Operational and Strategic Levels

Grudi Angelov 1 , Dimitar Tashkov 1 ,  and Emil Enev 1
  • 1 “G. S. Rakovski” National Defence College, , Sofia, Bulgaria


At the beginning of the twenty-first century, understanding of transformation encompasses not only organizational and structural processes, but also processes related to the literacy of those who deal with transformation. The paper does not analyze the literal meaning of the concept of literacy as reading and writing abilities. Within the Armed Forces system, literacy can be considered from several aspects - doctrinal, managerial, methodological, psychological, pedagogical and technical. Since transformation is not an one-time act, but a permanent function of the National Security System, it is necessary to emphasize the importance of the continuity of the process of developing literacy of today’s leaders. The purpose of this paper is to present some of the arguments for the need of transformation of literacy (knowledge and skills) of the leaders of the transformation processes at the operational and tactical levels, so that they are able to skillfully apply the modern technological innovations in the preparation of the management bodies of the Armed Forces.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Magazine (Magazine “Strategies of educational policy“, 2001)” – subject edition “Adult’s education”, 4, 2001, p.113.

  • [2] Transformation and The Army School System, Michael G. Shanley, James C. Crowley, Matthew W. Lewis, Ralph Masi, Susan G. Straus, Kristin J. Leuschner, Steven Hartman, Sue Stockly, Published by the RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, RAND URL:, p.12-15.


Journal + Issues