The article presents employment and unemployment as predictors of economic security in the context of a social challenge facing the national security on the example of the Republic of Bulgaria. Any decline and negative trends associated with these indicators such as low employment, non-participation of full labor potential in the public production, high unemployment, low minimum and average wages, low labor quality inevitably lead to undermining economic security of the state. The article pays special attention to the level of employment in the economy of the Republic of Bulgaria; the average monthly salary of the employees under labor and employment relationship; the average number of employed persons under labor and employment relationship; the unemployed persons and unemployment coefficients of the population by age, sex, duration of unemployment, ways of looking for work, and unemployment by statistical zones and regions in the Republic of Bulgaria. An analysis is made of the average annual salary of the employees under employment and service relationship
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