The Unaccompanied or Separated Minor In The Asylum Procedure

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Abstract

The unaccompanied or separated minor is, according to the European Union body of legislation regarding asylum and migration, one of the extremely vulnerable categories of persons, and the risk of vulnerability is amplified in the case of the unaccompanied or separated minor - asylum seeker. Ever since the EU pre-accession period Romanian legislation reconciled, according to the European model, the requirements of the rules on migration with humanism provisions in the field of child rights. The images in the media about the migratory flows in recent years have revealed a system that requires imperatively legislative changes, adapting procedures, innovative work tools, including the case of the unaccompanied minor asylum seeker. In this article I intend to analyze the existing legislative framework in Romania, highlighting the positive aspects of the law and those which I believe that should be reconsidered so that the interests of the minor in the asylum procedure to be properly protected.

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  • [1] Romanian Civil Code-Law no.287/2009 Monitorul Oficial no.505/15.07.2011 art.38 (2);

  • [2] Law no. 122/2006 Monitorul Oficial no.428/18.05.2006 art.1;

  • [3] The Convention on the Rights of the Child ratified by Law no. 18/1990 published in the Monitorul Oficial no. 109 /28.09.1990 and republished in Monitorul Oficial no. 314/13.06.2001 art.1

  • [4] UNHCR Guidelines on Determining the Best Interests of the Child p.7; retrivied from http://www.unhcr.org/ro/wpcontent/uploads/sites/23/2016/12/Guidelines_Best_interest_of_the_Child.pdf

  • [5] (EU) Regulation no. 604/2013art.2 retrivied from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/RO/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32013R0604

  • [6] Law no. 122/2006 Monitorul Oficial no.428/18.05.2006 art.2 (1);

  • [7] http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng#{"itemid":["001-104366"]}

  • [8] (EU) Regulation no. 604/2013art.3(1) retrivied from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/RO/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32013R0604

  • [9] Law no. 122/2006 Monitorul Oficial no.428/18.05.2006 art.34(3);

  • [10] Law no. 122/2006 Monitorul Oficial no.428/18.05.2006 art.36(2);

  • [11] Law no. 122/2006 Monitorul Oficial no.428/18.05.2006 art.40(1);

  • [12] (EU) Regulation no. 604/2013art.8(4) retrivied from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/RO/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32013R0604

  • [13] Law no.272/ 2004 Monitorul Oficial no.159/05.03.2014 art.8 (12)

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