Hungarian Security Policy and the Migrant Crisis (2015–2017)

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Abstract

The purpose of this article is to present the Hungarian security policy over the last two years, focused on the migrant crisis. This policy is explained on the basis of the National Security Strategy. According to the Strategy, the migration is treated as a natural and at the same time complex phenomenon, bringing economic and demographic advantages and, at the same time, carrying public and national security risks. It is concluded that resolving the crisis is one of the most important priorities of the Hungarian security policy. The paper highlights the differences between the Hungarian security policy and the official policy of the EU. Like the other members of the Visegrád Group, Budapest is against the quota system for the allocation of migrants. The position of Hungary is that the discussion of the migrant problem both in the Group and at EU level should be based on the concept of effective solidarity. The country supports European integration of the Western Balkans. The study is based on documents, mainly of the Visegrád Group, and materials from the media.

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  • [1] Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Hungary. Hungary`s National Security Strategy. 2012.

  • [2] Ibid. p. 5.

  • [3] Ibid. p. 8.

  • [4] Ibid. p. 17.

  • [5] Benyik M. Refugee crisis and Hungary. http://www.transform-network.net/blog/blog-2015/news/detail/Blog/refugee-crisis-and-hungary.html (available on 31.03.2017).

  • [6] Than K. Hungary's Orban plays for high stakes with tough stance on migrants. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-migrants-hungary-orbanidUSKCN0R82B920150908 (available on 07.04.2017).

  • [7] Ibid.

  • [8] Gotev G. Visegrad countries trigger crisis ahead of EU refugee summit. 22.09.2015. http://www.euractiv.com/section/justice-home-affairs/news/visegrad-countries-triggercrisis-ahead-of-eu-refugee-summit/ (available on 18.03.2017).

  • [9] Refugee quotas 'unacceptable' for Visegrad states. 4.09.2015. https://euobserver.com/migration/130122 (available on 18.03.2017).

  • [10] Toth B. Handling the refugee crisis: Progressive views from Hungary.- https://progressive-europe.eu/handling-the-migration-crisis-progressive-views-fromhungary/ (available on 9.04.2017)

  • [11] Refugee crisis: Eastern Europe opposes Angela Merkel’s policy on asylum seekers. Independent. 16.02.016

  • [12] http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/refugee-crisis-eastern-europeopposes-angela-merkel-s-policy-on-asylum-seekers-a6877916.html (available on 26.03.2016).

  • [13] Programme of the Polish Presidency of the Visegrad group 1 July 2016 - 30 June 2017. Ministry of Foreign Affairs Republic of Poland Warsaw 2016 pp.8-9.

  • [14] Ibid.

  • [15] Visegrad Bulletin (1/2016) Review of the most important events In July and August 2016. In: http://www.msz.gov.pl/en/foreign_policy/europe/visegrad_group/polish_presidency_of_the_visegrad_group_2016_2017/visegrad_bulletin__1_2016_;jsessionid=21525D3182A95EE5D1F7AB7341DCA7BB.cmsap2p.

  • [16] Вишеградската четворка постави ултиматуми на Брюксел. In: https://www.actualno.com/europe/vishegradskata-chetvorka-postavi-ultimatumi-nabruksel-news_563395.html - (available on 15.12.2016)

  • [17] Резултати от аварийно-спасителната среща на върха на ЕС в Братислава. In: http://bultimes.com/rezultati-ot-avarijno-spasitelnata-sreshta-na-varha-na-es-vbratislava/ - (available on 15.12.2016)

  • [18] The referendum is not valid because voters are around 45% while according to the Hungarian Constitution there must be more than 50% of voters. See more: Macdowal A. Voters back Viktor Orbán`s rejection of EU migrant quotas. In: http://www.politico.eu/article/hungary-referendum-eu-migration-viktor-orban/ (available on 25.03.2017).

  • [19] Culik Jan. Hungary’s invalid refugee referendum dents Viktor Orbán’s anti- EU ‘revolution’. In: https://theconversation.com/hungarys-invalid-refugee-referendumdents-viktor-orbans-anti-eu-revolution-66424 - (available on 25.03.2017).

  • [20] Joint Statement of V4 Interior Ministers on the Establishment of the Migration Crisis Response Mechanism. In: http://www.visegradgroup.eu/calendar/2016/joint-statementof-v4 [20] Visegrad Bulletin (3/2016). In: http://www.visegradgroup.eu/visegradbulletin-3-2016- p.2. (available on 08.04.2017).

  • [21] Joint Statement of V4 Interior Ministers… Op. cit.

  • [22] Meeting of ministers and representatives of 15 Central and South-Eastern European countries attended by head of European diplomacy. In: http://www.msz.gov.pl/en/foreign_policy/europe/visegrad_group/polish_presidency_of_the_visegrad_group_2016_2017/meeting_of_ministers_and_representatives_of_15_central_and_south_eastern_european_countries_attended_by_head_of_european_diplomacy;jsessionid=21830255A6ACE68ECED570CD32F784E2.cmsap2p - (available on 08.04.2017).

  • [23] The Visegrad Group Joint Statement on the Western Balkans In: http://www.visegradgroup.eu/calendar/2016/the-visegrad-group-joint- (available on 08.04.2017).

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