The Nature And Solution Of Ethno-Political Conflicts. Bulgarian Experience

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In the beginning of the 21st century, the international community tries to do its best in order to guarantee that our civilization, entering the new millennium, puts an end to any form of domination of one peoples over another, to the reasons for such domination, and to the whole idea of inequality. Ethno-political conflict appears to be a permanent form of social and political struggle in the modern world. No major region is free from it. In its more acute manifestation, it may turn into murderous, destructive violence. Bulgarian ethnic model is a concrete historical concept. This is a specific way to find a way out of the impasse of Interethnic relations in which the “revival process” was plunged the country. Bulgarian ethnic model is a transformation of the ethnic contradictions and conflicts in the political process, which neutralize them and makes it possible to restore good neighborly relations in the everyday life of Christians and Muslims before the start of the conflict situation.

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  • [1] See the overview in Donald L. Horowitz: Ethnic Groups in Conflict (Berkeley et al. 1985) and Ted Robert Gurr: Minorities at Risk: A Global View of Ethnopolitical Conflict (Washington DC 1993).

  • [2] On this see the close links between conflict management and the Agenda for Development in the latest report of the Secretary-General on the work of the UN: UN General Assembly 51st session New York Aug. 1996.

  • [3] For a more detailed treatment of these approaches see Norbert Ropers: Peaceful Intervention: Structures Processes and Strategies for the Constructive Regulation of Ethnopolitical Conflicts (Berghof Report 1; Berlin 1995).

  • [4] See Herbert C. Kelman: Informal Mediation by the Scholar/Practitioner in Jacob Bercovitch and Jeffrey Z. Rubin (eds.): Mediation in International Relations (London 1992) 64–95.

  • [5] A view first put forward by Ronald J. Fisher and Loraleigh Keashly in: Third Party Interventions in Intergroup Conflict: Consultation is not Mediation Negotiation Journal 4 (1988) 381–93.

  • [6] Guskova E.Y. Decree. Op. p. 479.

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