Contribution to flood risk management by the IRIP method at the level of Gareat El Taref catchment, Constantine’s highlands, North-East of Algeria

Abstract

The term flooding is often associated with a stream overflow or a marine flood, runoff-floods is rarely considered, and today suffers from a lack of knowledge and control of the phenomenon. This paper, presents a geographic information system iRIP@ – Flooding by Intense Pluvial Runoff (French acronym), which is a new tool to mapping flooding by runoff as a tool for decision-making by mapping runoff flooding in Gareat El Taref catchment (Northeast Algeria), with identifying the area of production, transfer and accumulation of flood.

Us results, we have cards represent the potential of a territory to generate the various hydraulic dynamics of runoff: the runoff production card, the runoff transfer, the runoff accumulation card, the runoff-flooding card.

A visual simulation on the flood risk card indicates that the areas with an important runoff flood risk are the communes of Khenchela Oum El Bouaghi Ain El Beida and F’kirina. Moreover, the roads that join Khenchela with Ain El Beida and with Oum El Bouaghi.

Khenchela city is exposed to a great risk of flooding by runoff, the solution proposed by the authorities and that summarizes by the construction of a canal is not sufficient, because on the one hand the north of the city remains exposed to this risk. On the other hand, a large area of runoff production is located between the canal and the city.

It is probably operating to encourage farmers to introduce certain agricultural practices that are part of a sustainable management of flood risk by runoff.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Argence S., Lambert D., Richard E., Sohne N., Chaboureau J., Crepin F., Arbogast P. 2006. High resolution numerical study of the Algiers 2001 flash flood: sensitivity to the upper-level potential vorticity anomaly. Advances in Geosciences. Vol. 7 p. 251–257.

  • Aroua N., Berezowska-Azzag E. 2013. Le risque intrinsèque à la gestion locale des risques liés à l’eau en Algérie [The intrinsic risk to local management of water risks in Algeria] [online]. Revue Géographique de l’Est. Vol. 53. Iss. 1–2. [Access 30.10.2017]. Available at: https://journals.openedition.org/rge/4628

  • Benabbas C. 2006. Evolution Mio-Plio-Quaternaire des bassins continentaux de l’Algérie Nord orientale: apport de la photogeologie et analyse morphostructurale [Mio-Plio-Quaternary evolution of continental-rate basins of eastern North Algeria: contribution of photo-geology and morphostructural analysis]. PhD Thesis. Constantine. Univ. Mentouri pp. 253.

  • Bendjoudi H., Hubert P. 2002. Le coefficient de compacité de Gravelius: analyse critique d’un indice de forme des bassins versants [The Gravelius compactness coefficient: critical analysis of a watershed shape index]. Hydrological sciences. Vol. 47 p. 921–930.

  • Bonnet S. 2012. Cartographie des zones potentielles de production ou d’accumulation du ruissellement de surface en région cévenole [Mapping of potential areas of production or accumulation of surface runoff in the Ce-Venole region]. MSc Thesis. Lyon, France. IRSTEA pp. 64

  • Bonnet S., Poulard C., Breil P. 2013. Cartographie de l’aléa ruissellement – Inventaire des éléments de validation [Mapping of runoff hazard – Inventory of validation elements]. Lyon, France. IRSTEA pp. 118.

  • Bouchehed H., Mihoubi M.K., Derdous O., Djemili L. 2017. Evaluation of potential dam break flood risks of the cascade dams Mexa and Bougous (El Taref, Algeria). Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 33 p. 39–45. DOI 10.1515/jwld-2017-0017.

  • Dehotin J., Breil P. 2011a. IRIP project: Research bibliographic report on surface runoff mapping (Literature review). Lyon, France. IRSTEA pp. 120.

  • Dehotin J., Breil P. 2011b. Technical report of the IRIP project: mapping the flooding by runoff. Lyon, France. IRSTEA pp. 101.

  • Dehotin J., Breil P., Braud I., De Lavenne A., Lagouy M., Sarrazin B. 2015a. Detecting surface runoff location in a small catchment using distributed and simple observation method. Journal of Hydrolgy. Vol. 525 p. 113–129.

  • Dehotin J., Chazelle B., Laverne G., Hasnaoui A., Lambert L., Breil P., Braud I. 2015b. Applying runoff mapping method IRIP for flooding risk analysis on railway infrastructure. Houille Blanche. Vol. 6 p. 56–64.

  • EM-DAT 2017. International disaster database EM-DAT [online]. The OFDA/CRED. [Access 1.11.2017]. Available at: http://www.emdat.be/database

  • ESDAC 2016. Carte des Sols d’Algérie. Tébessa [Card of the Algerian Soils. Tebessa] [online]. Feuille N.I. 32-N.O. European Soil Data Centre. [Access 17.01.2016]. Available at: http://esdac.jrc.ec.europa.eu/content/cartedes-sols-dalg%C3%A9rie-t%C3%A9bessa-feuille-ni-32-no

  • FAO 2016. Land cover of Algeria – Globcover Regional [online]. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/GeoNetwork. [Access 20.11.2016]. Available at: http://www.fao.org/geonetwork/srv/en/main.home?uuid=0e958049-2a0a-4935-83c8-af78626068fc

  • Guiraud R. 1973. Evolution post-Triasique de l’Avant pays de la chaine alpine en Algérie d’après l’étude du bassin du Hodna et des régions voisines [Post-Triassic Evolution of the Before-Country of the al-pine Chain in Algeria Based on the Study of the Hodna Basin and Neighboring Regions]. PhD Thesis. Univ. Nice pp. 270.

  • Jaillet C., Poulard C., Breil P. 2012. Synthèse des méthodes de cartographie des inondations par ruissellement en France (au sens de la Directive Inondation) – Convention “prévention des inondations” [Summary of methods for mapping runoff floods in France (in the meaning of the Flood Directive) – Flood Prevention Convention]. Lyon. IRSTEA.

  • Lagadec L.-R., Breil P., Chazelle C., Braud I., Moulin L. 2016a. Use of post-event surveys of impacts on railways for the evaluation of the IRIP method for surface runoff mapping. 3rd European Conference on Flood Risk Management. Vol. 7 #10005 pp. 12. DOI 10.1051/e3sconf/20160710005.

  • Lagadec L.-R., Patrice P., Chazelle B., Braud I., Dehotin J., Hauchard E., Breil P. 2016b. Description and evaluation of a surface runoff susceptibility mapping method. Journal of Hydrolgy. Vol. 541 p. 495–509.

  • Laverne G. 2013. Comment utiliser la méthode de cartographie du ruissellement IRIP pour améliorer la prise en compte du ruissellement dans l’analyse des risques ferroviaires? [How to use the IRIP runoff mapping method to improve the consideration of runoff in the rail risk analysis?] SNCF Projets Systèmes Ingénierie. Lyon, France. IRSTEA Hydrology-Hydraulic Research Unit pp. 78.

  • Mokhtari E.H., Remini B., Hamoudi S.A. 2016. Modelling of the rain–flow by hydrological modelling software system HEC-HMS – watershed’s case of wadi Cheliff-Ghrib, Algeria. Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 30 p. 87–100. DOI 10.1515/jwld-2016-0025.

  • Nouaceur Z., Laignel B., Turki I. 2013. Changements climatiques au Maghreb : vers des conditions plus humides et plus chaudes sur le littoral algérien? [Climate change in the Maghreb: towards wetter and warmer conditions on the Algerian coast?]. Géographie Physique et Environnement. Vol. 7. No. 1 p. 307–323.

  • Remenieras G. 1976. L’hydrologie de l’ingénieur [The hydrology of the engineer]. 2nd ed. Paris. Eyrolles pp. 456.

  • Sghara N. 2013. Protection de la ville de Béni-Ounif (Béchar) contre les inondations : Application de logiciels HEC-HMS et HEC-RAS [Protection of the city of Béni-Ounif (Béchar) against floods: Software application HEC-HMS and HEC-RAS]. MSc Thesis. Algiers. USTHB pp. 167.

  • Skhakhfa I.D., Ouerdachi L. 2016. Hydrological modelling of Wadi Ressoul watershed, Algeria, by HECHMS model. Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 31 p. 139–147. DOI 10.1515/jwld-2016-0045.

  • Tran H.B., La Ngoc Q., Le Thi T.H., Tran T.D.H., Debarati G.-S. 2011. Impacts of flood on health: epidemiologic evidence from Hanoi, Vietnam. Global Health Action, 4: 6356. DOI 10.3402/gha.v4i0.6356.

  • USGS 2016. Digital elevation model [online]. United States Geological Survey. [Access 14.11.2016]. Available at: https://gdex.cr.usgs.gov/gdex

  • Zouaoui A. 2008. Evaluation de l’aptitude culturale pour le blé dur (Triticum durum Desf. var MBB) et l’orge (Hordeum vulgare L. var. Saida) des terres des Hautes Plaines Constantinoises [Evaluation of the cultural suitability for durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf. Var MBB) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L. var Saida) in the High Constantine Plains]. PhD Thesis. Algiers. National Institute of Agronomy El Harrach pp. 322.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search