The use of constructed wetlands for the treatment of industrial wastewater

Open access


Constructed wetlands are characterized by specific conditions enabling simultaneous various physical and biochemical processes. This is the result of specific environment for the growth of microorganisms and hydrophytes (aquatic and semiaquatic plants) which are capable of living in aerobic, anaerobic and facultative anaerobic conditions. Their interaction contributes to the intensification of oxidation and reduction responsible for the removal and retention of pollutants. These processes are supported by sorption, sedimentation and assimilation. Thanks to these advantages, treatment wetland systems have been used in communal management for over 50 years. In recent years, thanks to its advantages, low operational costs and high removal efficiency, there is growing interest in the use of constructed wetlands for the treatment or pre-treatment of various types of industrial wastewater. The study analyzes current use of these facilities for the treatment of industrial wastewater in the world. The conditions of use and efficiency of pollutants removal from readily and slowly biodegradable wastewater, with special emphasis on specific and characteristic pollutants of particular industries were presented. The use of subsurface horizontal flow beds for the treatment of industrial wastewater, among others from crude oil processing, paper production, food industry including wineries and distillery, olive oil production and coffee processing was described. In Poland constructed wetlands are used for the treatment of sewage and sludge from milk processing in pilot scale or for dewatering of sewage sludge produced in municipal wastewater treatment plant treating domestic sewage with approximately 40% share of wastewater from dairy and fish industry. In all cases, constructed wetlands provided an appropriate level of treatment and in addition the so-called ecosystem service.

ALMEIDA A., CATARINO A., RIBEIRO C., CARVALHO F., PRAZERES A. 2016. VFCW applied to treatment of cheese whey wastewater pretreated by basic precipitation: Influence of bed depth. 15th IWA International Conference on Wetland Systems for Water Pollution Control, Gdańsk, Poland p. 28-38.

ANASTASIOU N., MONOU M., MANTZAVINOS D., KASSINOS D. 2009. Monitoring of the quality of winery influents/ effluents and polishing of partially treated winery flows by homogenous Fe(II) photooxidation. Desalination. Vol. 248. Iss. 2 p. 836-842.

BERNINGER K., KOSKIAHO J., TATTARI S. 2012. Constructed wetlands in Finish agricultural environments: balancing between effective water protection, multifunctionallity and socio-economy. Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 17 p. 19-29.

COOPER P. 2005. The performance of vertical flow constructed wetland system with special reference to the significance of oxygen transfer and hydraulic loading rates. Water Science and Technology. Vol. 51. Iss. 9 p. 81-90.

DAVISON L., HEADLEY T., PRATT K. 2005. Aspects of design, structure, performance and operation of reed beds - eight years experience in northeastern New South Wales, Australia. Water Science and Technology. Vol. 51. Iss. 10 p. 129-138.

DEMIREL B., YENIGUM O., ONAY T.T. 2005. Anaerobic treatment of dairy wastewater: A review. Process Biochemistry. Vol. 40. Iss. 8 p. 2583-2595.

FERNANDEZ B., SEIJO I., RUIZ-FILIPPI G., ROCA E., TARENZI L., LEMA J. 2007. Characterization, management and treatment of wastewater from white wine production. Water Science and Technology. Vol. 56. Iss. 2 p. 121-128.

GANNOUN H., BOUALLAGUI H., OKBI A., SAYADI S., HAMDI M. 2009. Mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion of biologically pretreated abattoir wastewaters in an upflow anaerobic filter. Journal of Hazardous Materials. Vol. 170. Iss. 1 p. 263-271.

GRISMER M.E., CARR M.A., SHEPHERD H.L. 2003. Evaluation of constructed wetland treatment performance for winery wastewater. Water Environment Research. Vol. 75. Iss. 5 p. 412-421.

HAWKINS W.B., RODGERS J.H., JR., DUNN A.W., DORN P.B., CANO M.L. 1997. Design and construction for aqueous transfers and transformations of selected metals. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. No. 36 p. 238-248.

HUANG Y., LATTORE A., BARCELÓ D., GARCÍA J., AGUIRRE P., MUJERIEGO R., BAYONA J.M. 2004. Factors affecting linear alkylbenzene sulfonates removal in subsurface flow constructed wetlands. Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 38. Iss. 9 p. 2657-2663.

JAWECKI B., PAWĘSKA K., SOBOTA M. 2017. Operating household wastewater treatment plants in the light of binding quality standards for wastewater discharged to water bodies or to soil. Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 32 p. 31-39.

KADLEC R.H. 2003. Effects of pollutant speciation in treatment wetland design. Ecological Engineering. Vol. 20. Iss. 1. p. 1-16.

KADLEC R.H., KNIGHT R.L. 1996. Treatment wetlands. Boca Raton. CRC Press. ISBN 0-87371-9304 pp. 893.

KADLEC R.H., WALLACE S. 2009. Treatment wetlands. 2nd ed. Boca Raton, New York. CRC Press. Taylor & Francis Group. ISBN 9781566705264 p. 267-290.

LEFEBRE O., MOLETTA R. 2006. Treatment of organic pollution in industrial saline wastewater: A literature review. Water Research. Vol. 40. Iss. 20 p. 3671-3682. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2006.08.027.

MAINE M.A., SUŇE N., HADAD H., SÁNCHEZ G., BONETTO C. 2009. Influence of vegetation on the removal of heavy metals and nutrients in a constructed wetland. Journal of Environmental Management. Vol. 90. Iss. 1. p. 355-363. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2007.10.004.

MOSSE K., PATTI A., CHRISTEN E., CAVAGNARO T. 2011. Review: winery wastewater quality and treatment options in Australia. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research. Vol. 17. Iss. 2 p. 111-122. DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-0238.2011.00132.x.

POKHREL D., VIRARAGHAVAN T. 2004. Treatment of pulp and paper mill wastewater - A review. Science of the Total Environment. Vol. 333. Iss. 1-3 p. 37-58. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.05.017

ROUSSY J., CHASTELLAN P., VAN VOOREN M., GUIBAL E. 2005. Treatment of ink-containing wastewater by coagulation/ flocculation using biopolymers. Water SA. Vol. 31. No. 3 p. 369-376.

SKRZYPIEC K., BEJNAROWICZ A., GAJEWSKA M. 2017. Rozwiązania gospodarki ściekowej na obszarach niezurbanizowanych. Małe oczyszczalnie ścieków zgodne z zasadami zrównoważonego rozwoju [Wastewater treatment and management solutions for non-urban areas. Small wastewater treatment plants in accordance with the principles of sustainable development]. Rynek Instalacyjny. Nr 4 p. 85-89.

STEFANAKIS A., AKRATOS C., TSIHRINTZIS V. 2014. Vertical flow constructed wetlands: eco-engineering systems for wastewater and sludge treatment. Amsterdam, Netherlands. Elsevier Science. ISBN 978-0-12-404612-2 pp. 392.

TORRENS A., BAYONA C., SALGOT M., FOLCH M. 2016b. Performance, design and operation of hybrid subsurface flow constructed wetland for swine slurry treatment. 15th IWA International Conference on Wetland Systems for Water Pollution Control, Gdańsk, Poland p. 1044-1045.

TORRENS A., FOLCH M., SALGOT M., TENA S., BUSSE J., RIERA E., AULINAS M. 2016a. Innovative carwash wastewater treatment and reuse through subsurface flow constructed wetlands. 15th IWA International Conference on Wetland Systems for Water Pollution Control, Gdańsk, Poland p. 1042-1043.

VYMAZAL J. 2014. Constructed wetlands for treatment of industrial wastewaters: A review. Ecological Engineering. No 73 pp.724-751.

WOJCIECHOWSKA E., GAJEWSKA M. 2013. Partitioning of heavy metals in sub-surface flow treatment wetlands receiving high-strength wastewater. Water Science and Technology. Vol. 68. Iss. 2 p. 486-493.

WU S., WALLACE S., BRIX H., KUSCHK P., KIPKEMOI KIRUI W., MASI F., DONG R. 2015. Treatment of industrial effluents in constructed wetlands: challenges, operational strategies and overall performance. Environmental Pollution. Vol. 201 p. 107-120.

YANG L., HU CC. 2005. Treatments of oil-refinery and steel-mill wastewaters by mesocosm constructed wetland systems. Water Science and Technology. Vol. 51. Iss. 9 p. 157-164.

YIRONG C., PUETPAIBOON U. 2004. Performance of constructed wetland treating wastewater from seafood industry. Water Science and Technology. Vol. 49. Iss. 5-6 p. 289-294.

ZUPANCIC JUSTIN M., VRHOVŠEK D., STUHLBACHER A., BULC T.G. 2009. Treatment of wastewater in hybrid constructed wetland from the production of vinegar and packaging detergents. Desalination. Vol. 246. Iss. 1-3 p. 100-109.

Journal of Water and Land Development

The Journal of Committee for Land Reclamation and Environmental Engineering in Agriculture of Polish Academy of Sciences and Institute of Technology and Life Sciences in Falenty

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 1.04

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.304
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.024

Ministry of Science and Higher Education: 14 points


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 950 865 74
PDF Downloads 572 536 40