Potential possibilities of water retention in agricultural loess catchments

Open access


The growing water deficit and the increased demand for water, as well as economic problems and inadequate spatial planning in many regions indicate a necessity of developing more effective rules of programming and realisation of works concerning the water management in small catchments. The paper presents a sample analysis of the possibilities of increasing water retention in the agricultural loess catchments with periodic streams. The scope of the study included the determination of physical parameters of selected sub-catchments (geometry, soil cover, land use, etc.) and of the sources of threat to water resources, resulting from construction and geomorphological conditions. Pre-design assumptions of dammings were developed, taking into account anti-erosion protective measures, and treatments increasing the landscape retention of water were proposed. Creating surface retention objects should be an important source of water in simplified agroecosystems, especially in regions, where productivity to a great extent depends on natural weather conditions. Proper management of the fourth-order loess basin of the Ciemięga River (area of about 150 km2, the presence of 50 lateral valleys) could give a temporary reservoir retention reaching 500 thousand m3. Farmers should be encouraged to seek “own water sources” (including the accumulation of water within wasteland), using appropriate economic instruments (tax reliefs for the documented volume of retained water, e.g. in small retention reservoirs).

Bajkiewicz-Grabowska E., Zdanowski B. 2006. Phosphorus retention in lake sections of Struga Siedmiu Jezior. Limnological Review. No. 6 p. 5–12.

Bell S. 2004. Elements of visual design in the landscape. New York. Spon Press London. ISBN 978-0415325189 pp. 224.

Boardman J., Poesen J. 2006. Soil erosion in Europe. Chichester. U.K. Wiley. ISBN 9780470859100 pp. 855.

Bouwer H. 2000. Integrated water management: emerging issues and challenges. Agricultural Water Management. No. 45 p. 217–228.

Brockerhoff E.G., Jactel H., Parrotta J.A., Quine C.P., Sayer J. 2008. Plantation forests and biodiversity: oxymoron or opportunity? Biodiversity and Conservation. Vol. 17. Iss. 5 p. 925–951.

Chen L., Wang J., Wei W., Fu B., Wu D. 2010. Effects of landscape restoration on soil water storage and water use in the Loess Plateau Region, China. Forest Ecology and Management. Vol. 259. Iss. 7 p. 1291–1298.

Correll D.L. 2005. Principles of planning and establishment of buffer zones. Ecological Engineering. Vol. 24. Iss. 5 p. 433–439.

Davis M. 2007. Integrated water resource management and water sharing. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management. Vol. 133. Spec. iss. Transboundary Water Sharing p. 427–445.

Davies B., Biggs J., Williams P., Withfield M., Nicolet P., Sear D., Bray S., Maund S. 2008. Comparative biodiversity of aquatic habitats in the European agricultural landscape. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. Vol. 125. Iss. 1–4 p. 1–8.

Deitch M.J., Merenlender A.M., Feirer S. 2013. Cumulative effects of small reservoirs on streamflow in Northern Coastal California Catchments. Water Resources Management. Vol. 27. Iss. 15 p. 5101–5118. DOI: 10.1007/s11269-013-0455-4.

Dzikiewicz M. 2000. Activities in nonpoint pollution control in rural areas of Poland. Ecological Engineering. Vol. 14. Iss. 4 p. 429–434.

EEA 2012. European waters – current status and future challenges. Synthesis. EEA Report. No 9. ISBN 978-92-9213-341-2 pp. 52.

Eurostat 2011. Energy, transport and environment indicators. Luxembourg. Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-79-21384-7 pp. 211.

Evans R. 2012. Reconnaissance surveys to assess sources of diffuse pollution in rural catchments in East Anglia, eastern England – implications for policy. Water and Environment Journal. No 26 p. 200–211.

FAO 2003. Review of world water resources by country. Rome. Water Report. No. 23. ISSN 1020-1203 pp. 111.

Gordon L.J., Finlayson C.M., Falkenmark M. 2010. Managing water in agriculture for food production and other ecosystem services. Agricultural Water Management. Vol. 97. Iss. 4 p. 512–519.

Grayman W.M., Loucks D., Saito L. 2012. Toward a sustainable water future. Visions for 2050. EWRI, ASCE. ISBN 978-0-7844-1207-7 pp. 398.

Harrell L., Ranjithan S. 2003. Detention pond design and land use planning for watershed management. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management. Vol. 129. Iss. 2 p. 98–106.

Hayashi M., Rosenberry D.O. 2002. Effects of groundwater exchange on the hydrology and ecology of surface waters. Groundwater. Vol. 40. No. 3 p. 309–316.

Hietala-Koivu R., Lankoski J., Tarmi S. 2004. Loss of biodiversity and its social cost in an agricultural landscape. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. Vol. 103. Iss. 1 p. 75–83.

Janeczko E. 2009. The role and importance of forest watercourses and water reservoirs in designing landscape values of forests. Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 13a p. 177–185.

Jarvie H.P., Jürgens M.D., William R.J., Neal C., Davies J.L., Barrett C., White J. 2005. Role of river bed sediments as sources and sinks of phosphorus across two major eutrophic UK river basins: the Hampshire Avon and Herefordshire Wye. Journal of Hydrology. Vol. 304. Iss. 1–4 p. 51–74.

Józefaciuk A., Józefaciuk C. 1999. Ochrona gruntów przed erozją [Land protection against erosion]. Puławy. IUNG. ISBN 83-88-031-21-X pp. 110.

Juszczak R., Kędziora A. 2003. Threats to and deterioration of small water reservoirs located within Wyskoć catchment. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies Vol. 12. No. 5 p. 567–573.

Kawamura S. 2000. Integrated design and operation of water treatment facilities. 2nd ed. New York. Wiley. ISBN 978-0471350934 pp. 720.

Kowalewski Z. 2003. Wpływ retencjonowania wód powierzchniowych na bilans wodny małych zlewni rolniczych [The effect of surface retention on the water balance of small agricultural catchments]. Woda-Środowisko-Obszary Wiejskie. Rozprawy naukowe i monografie. Nr 6. ISBN 83-88763-31-8 pp. 126.

Kowalewski Z. 2008. Actions for small water retention undertaken in Poland. Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 12 p. 155–167.

Manatunge J., Nakayama M., Priyadarshana T. 2008. Environmental and social impacts of reservoirs: issues and mitigation. Oceans and Aquatic Ecosystems. Vol. 1 p. 212–255.

Mander U., Hayakawa Y., Kuusements V. 2005. Purification processes, ecological functions, planning and design of riparian buffer zones in agricultural watersheds. Ecological Engineering. Vol. 24. Iss. 5 p. 421–432.

Mioduszewski W. 1994. Ochrona i kształtowanie zasobów wodnych w małych rolniczych zlewniach rzecznych [Protection and water resources shaping in small agricultural river catchments]. Materiały Informacyjne. Nr 25. Falenty. IMUZ. ISSN 08060-1410 pp. 104.

Mioduszewski W. 2003. Mała retencja. Ochrona zasobów wodnych i środowiska naturalnego. Poradnik [Small retention. Protection of water resources and natural environment. Guidebook]. Falenty. IMUZ. ISBN 83-88763-24-5 pp. 49.

Mioduszewski W. 2012. Small water reservoirs – their function and construction. Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 17 p. 45–52.

Mirchi A., Watkins D.W. Jr, Huckins C.J., Madani K., Hjorth P. 2014. Water resources management in a homogenizing world: Averting the growth and underinvestment trajectory. Water Resources Research. Vol. 50. Iss. 9 p. 7515–7526.

Molina-Navarro E., Martinez-Perez S., Sastre-Merlin A., Bienes-Allas R. 2014. Catchment erosion and sediment delivery in a limno-reservoir basin using a simple methodology. Water Resources Management. Vol. 28. Iss. 8 p. 2129–2143.

Patro M. 2008. Influence of in-field retention reservoirs on soil outflow from a catchment. Annales of Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW. Land Reclamation. No. 39 p. 103–109.

Patro M., Zubala T. 2012. Possibilities of shaping the water retention in agricultural landscape. Teka Komisji Ochrony i Kształtowania Środowiska Przyrodniczego. T. 9 p. 143–152.

Powers S.M., Robertson D.M., Stanley E.H. 2014. Effects of lakes and reservoirs on annual river nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediment export in agricultural and forested landscapes. Hydrological Processes. Vol. 28. Iss. 24 p. 5919–5937.

Ryszkowski L., Bartoszewicz A., Kędziora A. 1999. Management of matter fluxes by biogeochemical barriers at the agricultural landscape level. Landscape Ecology. Vol. 14. Iss. 5 p. 479–492.

Skaggs R.W., Brevé M.A., Gilliam J.W. 1994. Hydrologic and water quality impacts of agricultural drainage. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 24. Iss. 1 p. 1–32.

Sun G., Zhou G.Y., Zhang A.Q., Wei X.H., McNulty S.G., Vose J.M. 2006. Potential water yield reduction due to forestation across China. Journal of Hydrology. No. 328 p. 548–558.

Van Oost K., Govers G., Desmet P. 2000. Evaluating the effects of changes in landscape structure on soil erosion by water and tillage. Landscape Ecology. Vol. 15. Iss. 6 p. 577–589.

Węgorek T. 1985. Dobór drzew i krzewów do zadrzewień przeciwerozyjnych na wyżynnych terenach Lubelszczyzny [The selection of trees and shrubs for antierosion shelterbelts on upland areas of the Lublin region]. Zeszyty Problemowe Postępów Nauk Rolniczych. Z. 311 p. 125–152.

Węgorek T. 1995. Funkcje zadrzewień terenów erodowanych [Functions of shelterbelts on eroded areas]. Wiadomości Melioracyjne i Łąkarskie. Nr 2 p. 83–84.

White P., Labadz J.C., Butcher D.P. 1996. The management of sediment in reservoired catchments. Water and Environment Journal. Vol. 10. Iss. 3 p. 183–189.

Wiatkowski M. 2011. Influence of Słup dam reservoir on flow and quality of water in the Nysa Szalona River. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. Vol. 20. Iss. 2 p. 469–478.

Williams P., Whitfield M., Biggs B., Bray S., Fox G., Nicolet P., Sear D. 2004. Comparative biodiversity of rivers, streams, ditches and ponds in an agricultural landscape in Southern England. Biological Conservation. Vol. 115. Iss. 2 p. 329–341.

Winter T.C. 1999. Relation of stream, lakes and wetlands to groundwater flow systems. Hydrogeology Journal. Vol. 7. Iss. 1 p. 28–45.

Zajączkowski K. 2001. Dobór drzew i krzewów do zadrzewień na obszarach wiejskich [The selection of trees and shrubs for afforestation in rural areas]. Warszawa. IBL. ISBN 83-87647-25-X pp. 78.

Zubala T. 2009. Influence of dam reservoir on the water quality in a small upland river. Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology. Vol. 9. Iss. 2–4 p. 165–173.

Żbikowski A., Żelazo J. 1993. Ochrona środowiska w budownictwie wodnym [Environmental protection in water constructions]. Warszawa. Falstaff. ISBN 83-901312-0-X pp. 156.

Journal of Water and Land Development

The Journal of Committee for Land Reclamation and Environmental Engineering in Agriculture of Polish Academy of Sciences and Institute of Technology and Life Sciences in Falenty

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 1.04

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.304
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.024

Ministry of Science and Higher Education: 14 points


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 159 159 8
PDF Downloads 64 64 7