Contamination of raw bivalve molluscs available in Poland between 2009 and 2013 with marine biotoxins

Open access

Abstract

Introduction: Growing consumption of shellfish is associated with an increased risk of food poisoning. The study was carried out on live bivalve molluscs available on the Polish market between 2009 and 2013. Material and Methods: ELISA was used for the determination of the following marine biotoxins: paralytic shellfish poison (PSP), amnaesic shellfish poison (ASP), and diarrhoeic shellfish poison (DSP). The molluscs, of which seven species were examined, were obtained from wholesale companies and markets. Results: Marine biotoxins were detected below the permitted levels in 67.6% of the samples. The maximum amounts of PSP and ASP biotoxins were found in great scallops (532.6 μg/kg and 1.0 mg/kg respectively) and the peak for DSP was in blue mussels (107 μg/kg). Conclusion: The analysis of toxicological status of raw bivalve molluscs available on the market in Poland indicates that they are safe for consumers.

1. Ciminiello P., Fattorusso E., Forino., Magno S., Poletti R., Viviani R.: Isolation of 45-hydroxyessotoxin from mussels of the Adriatic Sea. Toxicon 1999, 37, 689-693.

2. Dolah F.M.: Marine algal toxins: Origins, health, effects and their increased occurrence. Environ Health Perspect 2000, 108, 133-141.

3. van Egmond H.P.: Paralytic and diarrhoeic shellfish poisons: occurrence in Europe, toxicity, analysis and regulation. J Nat Toxins 1993, 2, 41-83.

4. van Egmond H.P., Jonker K.M., Poelman M., Scherpenisse P., Stern A.G.: Proficiency studies on the determination of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins in shellfish. Food Addit Contam 2004, 21, 331-340.

5. Elgarch A., Vale P., Rifai S., Fassouane A.: Detection of diarrheic shellfish poisoning and azaspiracid toxins in Moroccan mussels: Comparison of the LC-MS method with the commercial immunoassay kit. Mar Drugs 2008, 6, 587-594, doi:

6. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA): Marine biotoxins in shellfish - Summary on regulated marine biotoxins EFSA J 2009, 1306, 1-23, doi:

7. Fux E., Bire R., Hess P.: Comparative accumulation and composition of lipophilic marine biotoxins in passive samplers and in mussels (M. edulis) on the West Coast of Ireland. Harmful Algae 2009, 8, 523-537, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hal.2008.10.007.

8. Grant K.S., Burbacher T.M., Faustman E.M., Grattan L.: Domoic acid: neurobehavioral consequences of exposure to a relevant marine biotoxin. Neurotoxicol Teratol 2010, 32, 134-141.

9. Hallegraeff G.M.: Harmful algal blooms: a global overview. In: Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae., IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. UNESCO, 1995, pp. 1-22.

10. Huss H.H., Ababouch L., Gram L.: Assessment and management of seafood safety and quality. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 444, Rome, 2003, pp. 19-84.

11. James K.J., Carey B., O’Halloran J., van Pelt F.N.A.M., Škrabáková Z.: Shellfish toxicity: Human health implications of marine algal toxins. Epidemiol Infect 2010, 138, 927-940.

12. Jorgensen K., Scanlon S., Jansen L.B.: Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning toxin esters in Danish blue mussels and surf clams. Food Add Contam 2005, 22, 743-751.

13. Karlson B., Rehnstam-Holm A.S., Loo L.: Temporal and spatial distribution of diarrhetic shellfish toxins in blue mussels, Mytilus edulis (L.), on the Swedish west coast, NE Atlantic. 1988-2005, SMHI Reports Oceanography 2007, 35, 1-40.

14. Lefebvre K.A., Robertson A.: Domoic acid and human exposure risks: A review. Toxicon 2010, 56, 218-230.

15. Lindahl O.: Occurrence and monitoring of harmful algae in the marine environment. In: Mycotoxins and phycotoxins - developments in chemistry, toxicology and food safety. Proc. IX Int. IUPAC Symposium on mycotoxins and phycotoxins. 1998, pp. 409-423.

16. Michalski M.: Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) as a risk for consumer health. Med Weter 2010, 66, 530-533.

17. Michalski M.: Amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) as a risk for consumer health. Med Weter 2011, 67, 599-603.

18. Michalski M., Grądziel-Krukowska K., Osek J.: Occurrence of saxitoxine (PSP marine biotoxins) in live molluscs available on Polish market. Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 2013, 57, 525-528.

19. Pomykała R., Michalski M., Jóźwik A., Osek J.: Microbiological and marine biotoxins contamination of raw bivalve molluscs commercially available in Poland. Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 2012, 56, 563-568.

20. Quiliam M.A., Wright J.L.: The amnesic shellfish poisoning mystery. Anal Chem 1989, 61, 1053-1106.

21. Regulation (EC) No. 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs. OJ L 139, 30.04.2004.

22. Regulation (EC) No. 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 laying down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin. OJ L 139, 30.4.2004.

23. Regulation (EC) No. 2074/2005 of 5 December 2005 laying down implementing measures for certain products under Regulation (EC) No. 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and for the organisation of official controls under Regulation (EC) No. 854/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EC) No. 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, derogating from Regulation (EC) No. 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and amending Regulations (EC) No. 853/2004 and (EC) No. 854/2004. OJ L338, 25.12.2005.

24. Taylor M., McIntyre L., Ritson M., Stone J., Bronson R., Bitzikos O., Rourke W., Galanis E.: Outbreak of diarrhetic shellfish poisoning associated with mussels, British Columbia, Canada. Mar Drugs 2013, 1, 1669-1676, doi:

25. 25. Vale P., Rodrigues S.M., Gomes S.S., Sampayo M.A.: Two decades of marine biotoxin monitoring in bivalves from Portugal (1986-2006).: A review of exposure assessment. Harmful Algae 2008, 7, 11-25, doi.10.1016/j.hal.2007.05.002.

26. Viviani R., Boni L., Cattani O., Milandri A., Poletti R., Pompei M., Sansoni G.: ASP, DSP, NSP and PSP monitoring in mucialagious aggregates and in mussels in a coastal area of the Northern Adriatic Sea facing Emilia-Romagana in 1988, 1989 and 1991. Sci Total Environ 1995, 165, 203-211, doi:

Journal of Veterinary Research

formerly Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR J Vet Res 2018: 0,829
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0,938

CiteScore 2018: 0.68

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.291
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.501

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 223 122 7
PDF Downloads 114 83 6