Nutrition in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A review

Gautam Rawal 1  and Sankalp Yadav 2
  • 1 Attending Consultant-Respiratory Intensive Care, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India
  • 2 General Duty Medical Officer-II, Chest Clinic Moti Nagar, North Delhi Municipal Corporation, New Delhi, India


Cachexia and muscle wasting is a frequent but partly reversible complication in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and affects the disease progression and prognosis. Weight loss in COPD is a consequence of increased energy requirements unbalanced by dietary intake. Nutritional supplement therapy has been shown to be effective for maintaining and improving the muscle strength and exercise tolerance in poorly nourished COPD patients, thereby decreasing morbidity and mortality. This mini review discusses the role of nutritional supplement therapy in the treatment of COPD.

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