Environmental Education Development in Malta: A Contextual Study of the Events That Have Shaped the Development of Environmental Education in Malta

Open access

Environmental Education Development in Malta: A Contextual Study of the Events That Have Shaped the Development of Environmental Education in Malta

This paper discusses the historic development of environmental education in Malta and identifies environmental non-governmental organisations as the main promoters of environmental education in Malta. Environmental awareness started to increase as a response to major environmental issues on the island, but was a long affair, hindered in its development by a number of factors, including the governments' non-committal policy, the colonial mentality and the highly competitive educational system. European Union accession had a positive impact on the development mainly due to the imposed requirements. Subsequent governments have realised the importance of environmental education as an effective solution to ensure environmental sustainability. Nonetheless, as environmental education goals take a long time to be achieved, the lack of short-term achievements may be somewhat hindering its development. A context-based environmental education development model was designed to illustrate the complex relations identified in the study. The study suggests a commitment towards locally produced materials, genuine environmental non-governmental organisations and funding up of a co-ordinating centre for the promotion of environmental education at all academic levels.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Abela M. (2001 November 5). More members in NGOs. The Times pp. 6-7.

  • Boissevain J. (1990). Why do the Maltese ask so few questions? Education 3(4) 16-18.

  • Brody M. J. (1994). Student science knowledge related to ecological crisis. International Journal of Science Education 16(4) 421-435.

  • Centre for Environmental Education and Research. (2011). Masters in education for sustainable development course description. Msida: University of Malta.

  • Courtenay-Hall P. & Rogers L. (2002). Gaps in mind: Problems in environmental knowledge-behaviour modelling research. Environmental Education Research 8(3) 283-297.

  • D'Amato C. (1992). Systems of knowledge: A case study of curriculum development. Unpublished master's thesis University of Malta Msida Malta.

  • Darmanin M. (1990). Maltese primary school teachers' experience of centralized policies. British Journal of Sociology of Education 11(3) 275-308.

  • Farrugia C. J. (1991). Malta: Educational development in a small island state. Prospects 21(4) 584-594.

  • Farrugia C. J. (1992). Autonomy and control in the Maltese educational system. International Review of Education 38(2) 155-171.

  • Fenech J. (1994). Managing schools in a centralized system: Headteachers at work. Educational Management and Administration 22(2) 18-27.

  • Grima D. (1996). Dinja Wahda - a case study. In P. Pace (Ed.) In Today's Education - Tomorrow's Environment (pp. 69-82). Valletta: Ministry of Education.

  • Ham S. & Sewing D. R. (1987). Barriers to environmental education. Journal of Environmental Education 19(2) 17-24.

  • Lawton D. (1989). Education culture and the national curriculum. London: Hodder and Stoughton Publishers.

  • The Matriculation and Secondary Education Certificate. (2006). Strengthening a national examination system. Msida: University of Malta.

  • The Matriculation and Secondary Education Certificate. (2008a). Statistical report 2007. Msida: University of Malta.

  • The Matriculation and Secondary Education Certificate. (2008b). Systems of knowledge syllabus 2008-2010. Msida: University of Malta.

  • Mifsud M. (1993). Educational resources in state secondary schools and junior lyceums. Unpublished bachelor's thesis University of Malta Msida Malta.

  • Mifsud M. (2004). What are the problems of implementing environmental education in the school sector. Unpublished master's thesis London Southbank University London UK.

  • Ministry of Education. (1989). National minimum curriculum (primary level) L.N.73 1989. Valletta: Ministry of Education.

  • Ministry of Education. (1990). National minimum curriculum (Secondary Level) L.N.103 1989. Valletta: Ministry of Education.

  • Ministry of Education. (1991). National minimum curriculum (Postsecondary Level) L.N.109 1991. Valletta: Ministry of Education.

  • Ministry of Education. (1999). Creating the future together: National minimum curriculum. Floriana: Maltese Ministry of Education.

  • Ministry for Development of Infrastructure. (1990). Structure plan for the Maltese islands. Draft written statement and key diagram. Valletta: Ministry for Development of Infrastructure.

  • Nature Trust. (1999). Nature trust statute. Msida: Nature Trust Publications.

  • National Environmental Education Strategy. (1995). National environmental education strategy: Business plan. Valletta: Ministry of Education.

  • Pace P. (1995). Environmental education. In Z. Murphy (Ed.) Reviewing Belgrade (pp. 1-24). Paris France/Nairobi Kenya: UNESCO-UNEP.

  • Pace P. (1997). Environmental education in Malta: Trends and challenges. Environmental Education Research 1(1) 69-82.

  • Pace P. (2002). The role of education in promoting the sustainable use of our marine resources. Valletta: Ministry of the Environment.

  • Samuel H. (1993). Impediments to implementing environmental education. Journal of Environmental Education 25(1) 26-29

  • Sultana R. G. (1999). The secondary education certificate and matriculation examinations in Malta: A case study. Geneva: International Bureau of Education.

  • Sussman A. (1999). A Primer on education reform. In North American Association for Environmental Education (NAEE) Guidelines for initial teacher education in environmental education (pp. 14-16). Georgia: United States Environmental Protection Agency Publications.

  • Ventura F. (1993). Science and environmental education at the primary level in Malta: Separate interests different roles. International Journal of Science Education 15(1) 509-519.

  • Ventura F. (1994). Environmental education - the Malta experience. In W. L. Filho (Ed.) Environmental education in small island developing states (pp. 15-32). Vancouver: The Commonwealth of Learning.

  • Wain K. (1991). The national minimum curriculum: A critical evaluation. Msida: Mireva Publishers.

  • Wain K. (1995). Tomorrow's schools: Developing effective learning cultures. Valletta: Education Division.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 1.65

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.255
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.496

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 270 134 6
PDF Downloads 154 94 7