A study on Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench response to split application of herbicides

Open access

Abstract

Field experiments to evaluate the split application of mesotrione + s-metolachlor, mesotrione + terbuthylazine, dicamba + prosulfuron, terbuthylazine + mesotrione + s-metolachlor, and sulcotrione in the cultivation of sorghum var. Rona 1 were carried out in 2012 and 2013. The field tests were conducted at the field experimental station in Winna Góra, Poznań, Poland. Treatments with the herbicides were performed directly after sowing (PE) and at leaf stage 1–2 (AE1) or at leaf stage 3–4 (AE2) of sorghum. The treatments were carried out in a laid randomized block design with 4 replications. The results showed that the tested herbicides applied at split doses were effective in weed control. After the herbicide application weed density and weed biomass were significantly reduced compared to the infested control. The best results were achieved after the application of mesotrione tank mixture with s-metolachlor and terbuthylazine. Application of split doses of herbicides was also correlated with the density, biomass, and height of sorghum.

Andr J., Hejnak V., Jursik M., Fendrychova V. 2014. Effects of application terms of three soil active herbicides on herbicide efficacy and reproductive ability for weeds in maize. Plant Soil and Environment 60 (10): 452–458.

Deveikyte I., Seibutis V. 2006. Broadleaf weeds and sugar beet response to phenmedipham, desmedipham, ethofumesate and triflusulfuron-methyl. Agronomy Research 4: 159–162.

Domaradzki K., Rola H. 2003. The possibility of weed control in cereals by use low rates of herbicides – review of existing investigations. Journal of Plant Protection Research 43 (2): 163–170.

FAO. 2014. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. Crops. Available on: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC. [Accessed: March 01, 2017]

Ferreira L.R., Durigan J.C., Churata-Masca M.G.C., Ferreira F.A., Silva A.A. 2000. Selectivity and efficacy of the sequential application of oxyflurofen and ioxynyl-octanoate in direct sowing in onion. Planta Daninha 18 (1): 39–50.

Getachew G., Putnam D.H., De Ben C.M., De Peters E.J. 2016. Potential of sorghum as an Alternative to Corn Forage. American Journal Plant Sciences 7: 1106–1121. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2016.77106

Gołębiowska H., Rola H. 2004. Efekty niszczenia Elymus repens herbicydami MaisTer 310 WG, Titus 25 WG i Milagro 040 SC w uprawie kukurydzy w warunkach Dolnego Śląska [Evaluation of MaisTer 310 WG, Titus 25 WG and Milagro 040 SC efficiency in Elymus repens control in maize crop in the Lower Silesia Region]. Progress in Plant Protection/Postępy w Ochronie Roślin 44 (2): 695–698. (in Polish, with English abstract)

Idziak R., Woźnica Z., Waniorek W. 2006. Skuteczność chwastobójcza herbicydu MaisTer 310 WG stosowanego z adiuwantami i nawozem mineralnym. [Evaluation of weed control of herbicide MaisTer 310 WG applied with adjuvants and a mineral fertilizer]. Progress in Plant Protection/Postępy abstract)

Idziak R., Skrzypczak W., Waligóra H., Woźnica Z. 2013. The effect of mesotrione applied with adjuvants on weed control efficacy and forage sorghum tolerance. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 37: 265–270. DOI: 10.3906/tar-1203-29

Idziak R., Woźnica Z. 2014. Impact of tembotrione and flufenacet plus isoxaflutole application, timings, rates, and adjuvant type on weeds and yield of maize. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 74 (2): 129–134. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4067/s0718-58392014000200001

James T.K., Rahman A., Hicking J. 2006. Mesotrione – a new herbicide for weed control in maize. New Zealand Plant Protection 59: 242–249.

Kaczmarek S., Matysiak K., Krawczyk R. 2009. Studies of the chemical weed control in Sorghum vulgare PERZ. (Sorghum vulgare PERZ.). Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Agricultura 8 (1): 27–35.

Kaczmarek S., Matysiak K., Kierzek R. 2012. Ocena skuteczności chwastobójczej i selektywności herbicydów stosowanych doglebowo w uprawie Sorghum vulgare Perz. [Weed control efficacy and selectivity of preeemergence herbicides in Sorghm vulgare Perz. Cultivation]. Progress in Plant Protection/Postępy w Ochronie Roślin 52: 47–50. (Polish with English abstract). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14199/ppp-2012-009

Kaczmarek S., Matysiak K., Kierzek R. 2013. Reakcja sorga zwyczajnego (Sorghum biocolor L. Moench) na wybrane herbicydy stosowane nalistnie. [Response of Sorghum bicolor L. Moench to the selected postemergence herbicides]. Fragmenta Agronomica 30 (1): 62–68. (in Polish, with English abstract)

Kaps M.L., Ondea M.B. 1994. Split and tank-mix preemergence application of herbicide for controlling weeds in grapes. HortScience 29: 619–620.

Knezevic S., Evans S., Blankenship E., Van Acker R., Lindquist J. 2002. Critical period for weed control: The concept and data analysis. Weed Science 50 (6): 773–786. DOI: 10.1614/0043-1745(2002)050[0773:CPFWCT]2.0.CO;2

Księżak J., Bojarszczuk J., Staniak M. 2012. The productivity of maize and sorghum yields of according level of nitrogen fertilization. Polish Journal of Agronomy 8: 20–28.

Kudsk P. 1989. Experiences with reduced herbicide doses in Denmark and the development of the concept of factor-adjusted doses. Proceedings, Brighton Crop Protection Conference, Weeds 4: 545–554.

Laidlaw H.K., Godwin I.D. 2009. Sorghum. Compendium of Transgenic Crop Plants 1 (6): 157–176. DOI: 10.1002/9781405181099.k0106

Lockahart S.J., Howatt K.A. 2004. Split applications of herbicides at reduced rates can effectively control wild oat (Avena fatua) in wheat. Weed Technology 18 (2): 369–374. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/wt-03-100r1

Magani I.E. 2008. Weed control in sorghum – groundnut mixture in the simultaneous farming system of Southern Giunea Savanna zone of Nigeria. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 1 (1): 3–8.

Mathiassen S.K., Ravn H.W., Kudsk P. 2007. Is dose-splitting of graminicides as effective as a single application? Weed Research 47: 252–261. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2007.00568.x

Mendes K.F., Reis M.R., Inoue M.H., Pimpinato R.F., Tornisielo V.L. 2016. Sorption and desorption of mesotrione alone and mixed with s-metolachlor + terbuthylazine in Brazilian soils. Geoderma 280: 22–28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.06.014

Mishra J.S., Rao S.S., Patil J.V. 2015. Response of grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) cultivars to weed competition in semi-arid tropical India. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Science 85 (5): 688–694.

Moore J.W., Murray D.S., Westerman R.B. 2004. Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) effects on the harvest and yield of grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Weed Technology 18 (1): 2–29. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/wt-02-086

Najafi H., Bazoubandi M., Jafarzadech N. 2013. Effectiveness of repeated reduced rates of selective broadleaf herbicides for postemergence weed control in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris). World Journal of Agricultural Research 1 (2): 25–29. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-1-2-1

Pannacci E., Covarelli G. 2009. Efficacy of mesotrione used at reduced doses for pos-emergence weed control in maize (Zea mays L.). Crop Protection 28 (1): 57–61. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2008.08.011

Radivojević L., Umiljendić J.G., Marisavljević D., Anđelković A., Pavlović D. 2014. The application of mesotrione in combination with terbuthylazine, nicosulfuron and s-metolachlor in maize. Plant Protection 65 (4): 155–162. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5937/zasbilj1404155r

Salonen J. 1992. Yield response of spring cereals to reduced herbicide doses. Weed Research 32 (6): 493–499. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.1992.tb01910.x

Skrzypczak W., Waligóra H., Szulc P., Kruczek A. 2009. Ocena skuteczności chwastobójczej i fitotoksyczności herbicydów stosowanych w uprawie sorga. [Assessment of effectiveness and phytotoxicity of herbicides applied in the cultivation of sorghum]. Progress in Plant Protection/Postępy w Ochronie Roślin 49 (2): 832–836. (in Polish, with English abstract)

Skrzypczak G.A., Sobiech Ł., Waniorek W. 2011. Evaluation of the efficacy of mesotriona plus nicosulfuron with additives as tank mixtures used for weed control in maize (Zea mays L.). Journal of Plant Protection Research 51 (3): 300–305. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10045-011-0049-1

Smith K., Scott B. 2010. Weed control in grain sorghum. p. 47–49. In: “Grain Sorghum Production Handbook” (Espinoza L., Kelley J., eds.). Cooperative Extension Service, University of Arkansas, Little Rock, AR, USA, 74 pp.

Takano H.K., Rubin R.S., Marques L.H., Tronquini S.M., Fadin D.A., Kalsing A., Neves R., Júnior O.P. 2016. Potential use of herbicides in different sorghum hybrids. African Journal of Agricultural Research 11 (26): 2277–2285. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/ajar2016.11190

Tamado T., Ohlander L., Milberg P. 2002. Interference by the weed Parthenium hysterophorus L. with grain sorghum: influence of weed density and duration of competition. International Journal of Pest Management 48 (3): 183–186. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09670870110101739

Waligóra H., Szpurka W. 2007. Ocena wrazliwosci kilku odmian kukurydzy cukrowej na wybrane herbicydy. [Susceptibility of sugar maize varieties to some herbicides]. Progress in Plant Protection/Postępy w Ochronie Roślin 47 (3): 289–291. (in Polish, with English abstract)

Wight J.P., Hons F.M., Storlien J.O, Provin T.L., Shahandeh H., Wiedenfeld R.P. 2012. Management effects on bioenergy sorghum growth, yield and nutrient uptake. Biomass and Bioenergy 46: 593–604. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2012.06.036

Whaley C.M., Armel G.R., Wilson H.P., Hines T.E. 2009. Evaluation of s-metolachlor and s-metolachlor plus atrazine mixtures with mesotrione for broadleaf weed control in corn. Weed Technology 23 (2): 193–196. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/wt-08-123.1

Wilson R.G., Smith J.A., Yonts C.D. 2005. Repeated reduced rates of broadleaf herbicides in combination with methylated seed oil for postemergence weed control in sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris). Weed Technology 19 (4): 855–860. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/wt-04-258r1.1

Wu H., Walker S.R., Osten V.A., Robinson G. 2010. Competition of sorghum cultivars and densities with Japanese millet (Echinochloa esculenta). Weed Biology and Management 10 (3): 185–193. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-6664.2010.00383.x

Zhang J., Weaver S.E., Hamill A.S. 2000. Risks and reliability of using herbicides at below-labeled rates. Weed Technology 14 (1): 106–115. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/0890-037x(2000)014[0106:rarouh]2.0.co;2

Journal of Plant Protection Research

The Journal of Polish Society of Plant Protection, Committee of Plant Protection; Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute

Journal Information


CiteScore 2016: 0.84

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.332
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.829

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 422 378 28
PDF Downloads 196 183 18