A Comparison of Insect Pest Colonization on White Cabbage Cultivars

Open access

A Comparison of Insect Pest Colonization on White Cabbage Cultivars

The experiments were carried out in 2002 and 2003. Twenty-two cv. of white cabbage were sown in 2002 and eighteen cv. of white cabbage were sown in 2003. In both years, observations were done and the occurrence of the cabbage aphid Brevicoryne brassicae L., small white butterfly Pieris rapae L., large white butterfly P. brassicae L., diamondback moth Plutella xylostella L. and cabbage moth Mamestra brassicae L. were determined. The results show that the lowest number of aphids was noted on cv. Hurricana and Vestri and also the development of aphids on these cultivars was very weak. The results from 2003 show that the cultivar most preferred by cabbage aphids was Lenox. The diamondback moth P. xylostella L., small white butterfly P. rapae L., large white butterfly P. brassicae L., and cabbage moth M. brassicae L. were not very numerous in either year, although a higher number was noted in 2002. The highest number of caterpillars and pupae of diamond moth were observed on cv. Hurricana, Kalorama and Bartolo. In the year of the most intensive occurrence, the eggs of the white butterfly P. rapae L were the most numerous on cv. Lenox and the least numerous on cv. Balaton and Kamienna Głowa. Egg clusters of the large white butterfly P. brassicae L. and cabbage moth M. brassicae L. were mainly noted in 2002, and then only on some cultivars. The greatest number of eggs clusters of P. brassicae was observed on cultivars Masada and Sitton, and of M. brassicae on cultivars Kronos and Langendijker.

Barczak T. 1992. Metodyka. Ocena stopnia spasożytowania populacji mszyc (Homoptera, Aphidodea) - przegląd metod. Wiad. Entomol. 11 (4): 229-234.

Brett C. H. Sullivan M. J. 1974. The Use of Resistant Varieties and Other Cultural Practices for Control of Insects on Crucifers in North Carolina. North Carolina Agri. Exp. Sta. Bull. 449, 31 pp.

Ciska E., Piskuła M., Martyniak-Przybyszewska B., Waszczuk B., Kozłowska H. 1994. Glukosinolates in various cabbage cultivars grown in Poland. Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 3/44 (3): 219-226.

Ellis P. R., Hardman J. A. 1985. Investigations of the resistance of cabbage cultivars and breeders lines to insect pest at Wellesbourne. Procedings of CEC/IOBS Experts' Group Meeting. Rennes, November 20-22, 1985: 99-105.

Gabryś B. 1999. Siemiozwiązki w biologii i ekologii mszycy kapuścianej Brevicoryne brassicae L. Zesz. Nauk. AR Wrocław. Rozp. Hab. 356, 84 pp.

Gow-Chin Yen, Que-King Wei. 1993. Myrosinase activity and total glucosinolate content of cruciferous vegetables, and some properties of cabbage myrosinase in Taiwan. J. Sci. Agric. 61: 471-475.

Jankowska B. 2002-2003. Występowanie pchełeki smużkowanej Phyllotreta nemorum L. i Pchełki czarnej Phyllotreta atra Fabr. (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Halticinae) na różnych warzywach kapustnych. Acta Agraria et Silvestria. Series Agraria XLI (88): 83-89.

Jankowska B. 2005. The comparison of the occurrence of the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera, Plutellidae) on the different cabbage vegetables. Veg. Crops Res. Bull. 62: 153-163.

Jankowska B. 2006. The occurrence of some Lepidoptera pests on different cabbage vegetables. J. Plant Protection Res. 46 (2): 181-190.

Jankowska B., Wiech K. 2003. Occurrence of Diaeretiella rapae (M'Intosh) (Aaphidiidae) in the cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae L.) colonies on the different crucifere crops. Scientific works of lithuanian institute of horticulture and lithuanian university of agriculture. Horticulture and Vegetable Growing 22 (3): 155-163.

Jankowska B., Wiech K. 2004. The comparison of the occurrence of the cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae L.) on the cabbage vegetables. Veg. Crops Res. Bull. 60: 71-80.

Kunicki E., Łuczak I. 2001. Wpływ terminu uprawy i odmiany brokułu na opanowanie przez szkodniki. Prog. Plant Protection/Post. Ochr. Roślin 41 (2): 485-488

Loon J. J. van, Blaakmer A., Griepink F. C., Beek T. A. van, Schoonhoven L. M., Groot A. 1992. Leaf surface compounds from Brassica oleracea (Cruciferae) includes oviposition by Pieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Chemoecology 3: 39-44.

Łuczak I., Osmański I. 2006. Podatność różnych odmian brokuła na opanowanie przez szkodniki. Prog. Plant Protection/Post. Ochr. Roślin 46 (2): 382-385.

Pawar D. B., Lawande K. E. 1995. Effects of mustard as a trap crop for diamondback moth on cabbage. J. Maharashtra Agric. Universites 20 (2): 185-186.

Pivnick K. A., Jarvis B. J., Slater G. P. 1994. Identification of olfactory cues used in host-plant finding by diamondbackmoth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 20: 1407-1427.

Pobożniak M., Wiech K. 2004. The occurrence of Thrips tabbaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera, Thripidae) on late cultivars of white cabbage. Vegetable Crops News 39: 149-155.

Pobożniak M. 2005. Thrips species on white cabbage. Electronic J. Polish Agric. Univ. Hortic. 8 (4).

Pobożniak M., Wiech K. 2005. Monitoring and occurrence of thrips (Thysanoptera) on white cabbage and white cabbage undersowing with white clover. IOBC/WPRS Bull. 28 (4): 7-13.

Radcliffe E. B., Chapman R. K. 1965. The relative resistance to insect stages of plant maturity. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 58: 897-902.

Radcliffe E. B., Chapman R. K. 1966. Varietal resistance to insect attack in various cruciferous crops. J. Econ. Entomol 59: 120-125.

Renwick J. A. A., Radke C. D., Sachdev-Cupta K., Städler E. 1999. Experience-based food consumption by larvae of Pieris rapae: Addiction to glucosinolates? Entomol. Exp. Appl. 91: 51-58.

Schoonhoven L. M. 1972. Secondary plant substances and insects. Phytochemistry 5: 197-224.

Journal of Plant Protection Research

The Journal of Polish Society of Plant Protection, Committee of Plant Protection; Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute

Journal Information


CiteScore 2016: 0.84

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.332
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.829

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 57 57 8
PDF Downloads 25 25 3