Analyzing the Influence of Qualitative Resistance Selection Pressure on Variation of Aggressiveness in Plasmopara Halstedii

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Analyzing the Influence of Qualitative Resistance Selection Pressure on Variation of Aggressiveness in Plasmopara Halstedii

Variation of aggressiveness in populations of race 710 of Plasmopara halstedii [(Farl.) Berl. et Toni] (sunflower downy mildew) was measured under different strategies of qualitative resistance selection pressure: mixture, alternation and monoculture of major resistance genes in comparison with a population under no selection pressure. Two sunflower lines showing different levels of quantitative resistance were used to measure four aggressiveness criteria: percentage infection, latent period, sporulation density and reduction of hypocotyl length. P. halstedii strains multiplied under varietal mixtures presented the greatest sporulation densities and shortest hypocotyl lengths, those multiplied under alternation presented a reduced latent period and shorter hypocotyl lengths compared with those not influenced by selection pressure. There were no significant differences between populations multiplied under monoculture of resistance genes and those under no selection pressure. These changes appear as being linked to the number of infected plants present. The results suggested that the method of Pl gene management affects aggressiveness because it determines the number of susceptible plants harbored by the parasite.

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Journal of Plant Protection Research

The Journal of Polish Society of Plant Protection, Committee of Plant Protection; Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute

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