Harmful Hemiptera of Lygus Genus (Miridae, Hemiptera) On Alfalfa (Medicago Sativa L.) In Hamedan Province (Western Iran)

Open access

Harmful Hemiptera of Lygus Genus (Miridae, Hemiptera) On Alfalfa (Medicago Sativa L.) In Hamedan Province (Western Iran)

The research on the occurrence of herbivorous heteroptera of Lygus genus on alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) was carried out over 2005-2006 in the Hamedan province (Western Iran). The analysis of the faunistic material collected from Hemiptera showed the occurrence of 4 species where dominant Heteroptera were represented by: Lygus rugulipennis Poppius, L. pratensis L., L. gemellatus H.-S. and L. punctatus Z. The maximum abundance of these species coincided with full flowering alfalfa. Among Lygus species, L. rugulipennis P. was the most highly abundant in alfalfa's the main species in these fields.

Anonymous. 2007. Apple Lygus bug. UC Pest Management Guidelines. Available in: http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/r4300411.html

Alford D. V. 1984. A Colour Atlas of Fruit Pests, (their recognition, biology and control). Printed by Bblantyre Printing & Binding Co. Ltd, Glasgow, Scotland, 320 pp.

Bei-Beinko G. Ya. And Bagdanov K. 1955. Agricultural Entomology. Agricultural litterature, Govement Publisher, Moscow, 616 pp. (In Russian).

Borror D. J., Triplehorn C. A., Johnson N. F. 1989. An Introduction to the Study of Insects. Saunders College Publishing, 875 pp.

Carvalho J. C. M. 1955. Keys to the genera of Miridae of the world (Hemiptera). Bol. Museu paracnse Emilio Goeldi, 11: 1-51.

Conti E., Bin F. 2001. Native Lygus spp. (Heteroptera: Miridae) damaging introduced Hibiscus cannabinus in Italy. J. Econ. Entomol. 94: 648-657.

Dolling W. R. 1991. The Hemiptera. Natural History Museum, 274 pp.

Eyles C., Carvalho J. C. M. 1975. Revision of the genus Dolichomris with a revised key to the genera of Stenodemini (Het., Miridae). J. Nat. History 9: 257-269.

Ferguson G. 2005. The Lygus Bug - A Problem for Greenhouse Pepper and Cucumber Growers. Available in: http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/lygusbug.htm

Henry T. J., Froeschner R. C. 1988. Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill, Leiden, 958 pp.

Kelton L. A. 1975. The Lygus bugs (genus Lygus Hahn) of North America (Het., Miridae). Mem. Entomol. Soc. Canada. 95: 1-101.

Khanjani M. 2005. Field Crop Pests in Iran. 3rd ed. Bu-Ali Sina University Publication, 732 pp.

Khanjani M. 2007. Vegetables Pests in Iran. 3rd ed. Bu-Ali Sina University Publication, 467 pp.

Lattin J. D., Henry T. J, Schwartz M. D. 1992. Lygus desenus Knight, 1944, a newly recognized synonym of Lygus eZisus Van Duzee, 1914 (Heteroptera: Miridae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 94: 12-25.

McGavin G. C. 1992. Insects of the Northern Hemispher. Illustrated by Richard Lewington. Dragon's World Ltd Published, 192 pp.

Metcalf D. S., Luckmann W. H. 1982. Introduction to insect pest management Wiley Interscience Publication, London, UK: 469-486.

Mirab-balou M. 2007. Study on taxonomy of phytophagous bugs of the family Miridae and introducing insects' natural enemies of alfalfa tarnished plant bug in Hamedan alfalfa farms. MSc thesis, College of Agriculture, Tehran University, 126 pp.

Ross H. H., Ross C. A., Ross J. R. P. 1982. A textbook of Entomology. 4th ed. Printed in the United States of America, 666 pp.

Schuh R. T. 1995. Plant Bugs of the World (Insecta: Heteroptera: Miridae): Systematic Catalog, Distributions, Host List, and Bibliography. New York Entomological Society, New York, 1329 pp.

Schuh R. T., Slater J. A. 1995. True Bugs of the World (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) Classification and Natural History. Cornell Unive. Press. Ithaca, NY and London, 336 pp.

Slater J. A., Baranowski R. M. 1978. How to Know the True Bugs. W. M. C. Brown Company Publishers, Dubuque, Lowa, 256 pp.

Weber H. 1930. Biologie der Hemipteren:eine Naturgeschichte der Schnabekerfe. Verlag von Julius Springer, Berlin, 543 pp.

Wheeler A. G., Jr. 2001. Biology of the Plant Bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae). Pests, Predators, Opportunists. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London, 507 pp.

Journal of Plant Protection Research

The Journal of Polish Society of Plant Protection, Committee of Plant Protection; Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute

Journal Information

CiteScore 2016: 0.84

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.332
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.829


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 62 62 3
PDF Downloads 34 34 3