Human Reliability Analysis in the Context of Accident Scenarios

Open access

Human Reliability Analysis in the Context of Accident Scenarios

This article addresses the issue of human reliability analysis (HRA) in the context of accident scenarios. The need for contextual analysis of human operator behavior with careful treating of errors and dependent failures within given accident scenario is emphasized. The functional safety analysis including the human reliability analysis is illustrated on example of the protection layers of a hazardous industrial system that includes the basic process control system (BPCS), human-operator (HO) and safety instrumented systems (SIS) designed with regard to the functional safety criteria.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Byers J. C. Gertman D. I. Hill S. G. Blackman H. S. Gentillon C. D. Hallbert B. P. & Haney L. N.: Simplified Plant Risk (SPAR) Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) Methodology: Comparisons with Other HRA Methods. INEEL/CON-00146. International Ergonomics Association and Human Factors & Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 2000.

  • Carey M.: Proposed Framework for Addressing Human Factors in IEC 61508. Prepared for Health and Safety Executive (HSE). Contract Research Report 373. Amey Vectra Ltd. Warrington 2001.

  • Critical Operator Actions - Human Reliability Modeling and Data Issues. Nuclear Safety NEA/CSNI/R(98)1. OECD Nuclear Energy Agency 1998.

  • Dougherty E. M. & Fragola J. R.: Human Reliability Analysis: A Systems Engineering Approach with Nuclear Power Plant Applications. A Wiley-Interscience Publication John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York 1988.

  • Embrey D. E.: Incorporating Management and Organisational Factors into Probabilistic Safety Assessment.Reliability Engineering and System Safety 38 1992 (199-208).

  • Gertman I. D. & Blackman H. S.: Human Reliability and Safety Analysis Data Handbook. A Wiley-Interscience Publication. New York 1994.

  • Gertman D. Blackman H. Marble J. Byers J. & Smith C.: The SPAR-H Human Reliability Analysis Method. NUREG/CR-6883 INL/EXT-05-00509. Idaho National Laboratory Idaho Falls 2005.

  • Guidelines for Safe Automation of Chemical Processes. American Institute of Chemical Engineers Center for Chemical Process Safety. New York 1993.

  • Hickling E. M. King A. G. & Bell R.: Human Factors in Electrical Electronic and Programmable Electronic Safety-Related Systems. Vectra Group Ltd. Warrington 2006.

  • Hollnagel E.: Human reliability assessment in context.Nuclear Engineering and Technology Vol.37 (2) 2005 (159-166).

  • Humphreys P.: Human Reliability Assessors Guide. Safety and Reliability Directorate. Wigshaw Lane 1988.

  • IEC 61508: Functional Safety of Electrical/ Electronic/ Programmable Electronic Safety-Related Systems. Parts 1-7. International Electrotechnical Commission. Geneva 2000.

  • IEC 61511: Functional safety: Safety Instrumented Systems for the Process Industry Sector. Parts 1-3. International Electrotechnical Commission. Geneva 2003.

  • Kosmowski K. T.: Issues of the human reliability analysis in the context of probabilistic studies.International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. Vol.1(3) 1995 (276-293).

  • Kosmowski K. T. Kwiesielewicz M.: Hierarchical influence diagrams for incorporating human and organisational factors In risk assessment of hazardous industrial systems.Risk Decisions and Policy Vol 7 2002 (25-34).

  • Kosmowski K. T.: Incorporation of human and organizational factors into qualitative and quantitative risk analyses. Proceedings of the International Conference on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management (PSAM 7- ESREL '04). Springer Vol.3 (2048-2053). Berlin 2004.

  • Kosmowski K. T.: Functional Safety Concept for Hazardous System and New Challenges.Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries Vol. 19 2006 (298-305).

  • Kosmowski K. T. Śliwiński M. & Barnert T.: Methodological Aspects of Functional Safety Assessment.Journal of Machines Operation and Maintenance (ZEM Polish Academy of Science) Vol. 41 (148) 2006 (158-176).

  • Kosmowski K. T. (ed.): Functional Safety Management in Critical Systems. Gdansk University of Technology. Fundacja Rozwoju Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego. Gdansk 2007.

  • Layer of Protection Analysis Simplified Process Risk Assessment. American Institute of Chemical Engineers Center for Chemical Process Safety. New York 2001.

  • Reason J.: Human Error. Cambridge University Press 1990.

  • Swain A. D. & Guttmann H. E.: Handbook of Human Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Application. NUREG/CR-1278 1983.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.33

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.21
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.434

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 129 71 3
PDF Downloads 92 67 3