Effect of Humic Acid on Growth and Productivity of Tomato Plants Under Heat Stress

Islam Mohamed Yassin Abdellatif 1 , Youssef Youssef Abdel-Ati 1 , Yousry Tammam Abdel-Mageed 1 ,  and Mohamed Abdel-Moneim Mohamed Hassan 1
  • 1 Horticulture Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Minia University, 61111, Egypt

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of humic acid (HA) applied at 4.8, 9.6 and 14.4 kg·ha−1 on the growth and productivity of two tomato hybrids Nema 1400 and Platinium 5043 under hot continental climate. HA was applied twice to soil: the first one – three weeks from transplanting and the second one, after one week from the first application, in both seasons. Application of HA during the summer season targeted a great results on tomato plant growth and productivity. HA at 14.4 kg·ha−1 in-creased the vegetative growth of tomatoes (plant height and fresh weight) and flowering parameters (number of flower clusters and flowers per plant) as well as yield characters (fruit number per plant and fruit weight, which resulted in higher early and total yield) in both seasons. HA application had the least impact on fruit number per plant, and on vitamin C and total soluble solids (TSS) concentration as compared with control.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Abdel-Monaim M.F., Abdel-Gaid M.A., El-Morsy M.E.-M.A. 2012. Efficacy of rhizobacteria and humic acid for controlling Fusarium wilt disease and improvement of plant growth, quantitative and qualitative parameters in tomato. ESci Journal of Plant Pathology 1: 39–48.

  • Abdul-Baki A.A. 1991. Tolerance of tomato cultivars and selected germplasm to heat stress. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science 116(6): 1113–1116.

  • Aman S., Rab A. 2013. Response of tomato to nitrogen levels with or without humic acid. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 29: 181–186.

  • Ameri A., Tehranifar A. 2012. Effect of humic acid on nutrient uptake and physiological characteristic Fragaria ananassa var. Camarosa. Journal of Biological and Environmental Sciences 6: 77–79.

  • Asri F.O., Demirtas E.I., Ari N. 2015. Changes in fruit yield, quality and nutrient concentrations in response to soil humic acid applications in processing tomato. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science 21: 585–591.

  • Baldotto L.E.B., Baldotto M.A., Canellas L.P., Bressan-Smith R., Olivares F.L. 2010. Growth promotion of pineapple ‘Vitória’ by humic acids and Burkholderia spp. during acclimatization. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 34: 1593–1600. DOI: 10.1590/S0100-06832010000500012.

  • Burkowska A., Donderski W. 2007. Impact of humic substances on bacterioplankton in eutrophic lake. Polish Journal of Ecology 55: 155–160.

  • Cacco G., Dell’Agnolla G. 1984. Plant growth regulator activity of soluble humic complexes. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 64: 225–228. DOI: 10.4141/cjss84-023.

  • Chen Y., De Nobili M., Aviad T. 2004. Stimulatory effects of humic substances on plant growth. In: Magdoff F., Weil R.R. (Eds.), Soil organic matter in sustainable agriculture. Boca Raton, CRC Press, pp. 103–130. DOI: 10.1201/9780203496374.ch4.

  • Cimrin K.M., Yilmaz I. 2005. Humic acid applications to lettuce do not improve yield but do improve phosphorus availability. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B – Soil and Plant Science 55: 58–63. DOI: 10.1080/09064710510008559.

  • El-Ghamry A.M., Abd El-Hai K.M., Ghoneem K.M. 2009. Amino and humic acids promote growth, yield and disease resistance of faba bean cultivated in clayey soil. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 3: 731–739.

  • Fahramand M., Moradi H., Noori M., Sobhkhizi A., Adibian M., Abdollahi S., Rigi K. 2014. Influence of humic acid on increase yield of plants and soil properties. International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences 3: 339–341.

  • FAO 2016. FAOSTAT. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. http://faostat.fao.org/default.aspx

  • Farnia A., Moradi E. 2015. Effect of soil and foliar application of humic acid on growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.). International Journal of Biology, Pharmacy and Allied Sciences 4(10), Special Issue: 706–716.

  • Karakurt Y., Unlu H., Unlu H., Padem H. 2009. The influence of foliar and soil fertilization of humic acid on yield and quality of pepper. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B – Soil and Plant Science 59: 233–237. DOI: 10.1080/09064710802022952.

  • Kazemi M. 2013. Vegetative and reproductive growth of tomato plants affected by calcium and humic acid. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences 2(11): 24–29.

  • Kazemi M. 2014. Effect of foliar application of humic acid and calcium chloride on tomato growth. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences 3(3): 41–46.

  • Keeling A.A., McCallum K.R., Beckwith C.P. 2003. Mature green waste compost enhances growth and nitrogen uptake in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) through the action of water-extractable factors. Bioresource Technology 90: 127–132. DOI: 10.1016/S0960-8524(03)00125-1.

  • Khaled H., Fawy H.A. 2011. Effect of different levels of humic acids on the nutrient content, plant growth, and soil properties under conditions of salinity. Soil and Water Research 6: 21–29.

  • Mart I. 2007. Fertilizers, organic fertilizers, plant and agricultural fertilizers. Agro and Food Business Newsletter, pp. i–iv.

  • Mauromicale G., Longo A.M.G., Lo Monaco A. 2011. The effect of organic supplementation of solarized soil on the quality of tomato fruit. Scientia Horticulturae 129: 189–196. DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2011.03.024.

  • McDonnell R., Holden N.M., Ward S.M., Collins J.F., Farrell E.P., Hayes M.H.B. 2001. Characteristics of humic substances in heathland and forested peat soils of the Wicklow Mountains. Biology and Environment 101: 187–197.

  • Mikkelsen R.L. 2005. Humic materials for agriculture. Better Crops with Plant Food 89: 6–7, 10.

  • Moraditochaee M. 2012. Effects of humic acid foliar spraying and nitrogen fertilizer management on yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in Iran. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 7: 289–293.

  • Nardi S., Pizzeghello D., Muscolo A., Vianello A. 2002. Physiological effects of humic substances on higher plants. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 34: 1527–1536. DOI: 10.1016/S0038-0717(02)00174-8.

  • Ozkutlu F., Torun B., Cakmak I. 2006. Effect of zinc humate on growth of soybean and wheat in zinc-deficient calcareous soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 37: 2769–2778. DOI: 10.1080/00103620600832167.

  • Patil R. 2010. Effect of potassium humate and depro-teinised juice (DPJ) on seed germination and seedling growth of wheat and jowar. Annals of Biological Research 1: 148–151.

  • Pettit R.E. 2004. Organic matter, humus, humate, humic acid, fulvic acid and humin: their importance in soil fertility and plant health. CTI Research, 15 p.

  • Sarir M.S., Sharif M., Zeb A., Akhlaq M. 2005. Influence of different levels of humic acid application by various methods on the yield and yield components of maize. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 21: 75–81.

  • Srinivasa Rao N.K., Shivashankara K.S., Laxman R.H. 2016. Abiotic Stress Physiology of Horticultural Crops. Springer, India. DOI: 10.1007/978-81-322-2725-0.

  • Tan K.H. 2003. Humic Matter in Soil and the Environment. Principles and Controversies. Marcel Dekker, Inc., NY, 408 p. DOI: 10.1201/9780203912546.

  • Unlu H.O., Unlu H., Karakurt Y., Padem H. 2011. Changes in fruit yield and quality in response to foliar and soil humic acid application in cucumber. Scientific Research and Essays 6: 2800–2803. DOI: 10.5897/SRE11.304.

  • Varanini Z., Pinton R. 1995. Humic substances and plant nutrition. In: Behnke H.D., Lüttge U., Esser K., Kadereit J.W., Runge M. (Eds.), Progress in Botany 56: 97–117. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-79249-6_5.

  • Yildirim E. 2007. Foliar and soil fertilization of humic acid affect productivity and quality of tomato. Acta Agricul-turae Scandinavica, Section B – Soil and Plant Science 57: 182–186. DOI: 10.1080/09064710600813107.

  • Zimmer G. 2004. Humates and humic substances. Bio-correct inputs for the Eco-farmer. ACRES 34(1): 1–2.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search