Estimation Of Productive Value Of Czech Origin Scab-Resistant Apple Cultivars On Different Rootstocks

Open access

Abstract

Apple cultivars resistant to scab are suitable for the conventional and organic cultivation. Rootstocks impact on the growth of trees, yield and fruit quality of scab-resistant cultivars were examined in the experiment conducted at Fruit Experimental Station - Samotwór near Wrocław, during the years 1998-2008. In the spring of 1998, the trees of five Czech origin scab-resistant apple cultivars ‘Rosana’, ‘Rubinola’, ‘Rajka’, ‘Goldstar’ and ‘Topaz’ each on M.9, P2, P60, P16 and P22 rootstocks were planted at a spacing of 3.5 × 1.2 m (2380 trees per hectare). The results of 11-year-long studies showed that ‘Rubinola’ and ‘Rajka’ were characterised by the strongest vigour, while ‘Rosana’ grew much weaker. Significant differences in the cumulative yield were not observed between cultivars, but rootstocks influenced cropping instantly. Trees on rootstock P60 had biggest cross-section area and canopy volume, and the highest cumulative yield. Fruit weight was highest from trees on M9 and P60. ‘Topaz’ and ‘Rosana’ formed significantly lightest fruits and ‘Goldstar’ the heaviest. Trees on the super-dwarfing P22 rootstock grew and yielded very weakly and produced very small fruits. The greatest susceptibility to powdery mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha) was observed in ‘Topaz’ and ‘Rajka’. ‘Rubinola’ has the best potential for organic cultivation, especially on dwarfing rootstocks.

Blažek J. 2006. Yields and fruit quality of 50 apple cultivars grown or tested in commercial orchards of the Czech Republic. Proc. Intern. Conference “Perspectives in European Fruit Growing”, Lednice, Czech Republic, 18-20 October, pp. 47-53.

Blažek J., Křelinová J. 2006. Seven-year orchard performance of eleven new apple cultivars from Holovousy in comparison with some commonly grown ones. Hort. Sci. (Prague) 33(4): 131-139.

Blažek J., Křelinová J., Blažková J. 2003. Results of a trial with 17 chosen apple cultivars bred in the Czech Republic that was evaluated 1996-2002 at Holovousy. Vĕd. Pr. Ovocnář. 18: 7-23.

Carisse O., Dewdney M. 2002. A review of non-fungicidal approaches for the control of apple scab. Phytoprotection 83(1): 1-29.

Chun I.J., Fallahi E. 2001. The influence of spacing and rootstock on foliar mineral nutrition and fruit quality of ‘Fuji’ apple trees. J. Korean Soc. Hort. Sci. 42(6): 621-624.

Czynczyk A., Bielicki P., Mika A., Krawiec A. 2012. Nine year results of growth and yielding estimation of six scab-resistant apple cultivars grafted on three dwarfing rootstocks in integrated fruit production. J. Fruit Ornam. Plant Res. 20(1): 21-28.

Czynczyk A., Bielicki P., Robinson T.L. 2010. Sevenyear evaluation of Geneva® and Polish rootstocks with ‘Golden Delicious Reinders’ apple in Poland. J. Am. Pom. Soc. 64(1): 42-51. http://www.pubhort.org/aps/64/v64_n1_a7.htm

Dierend W., Bier-Kamotzke A. 2009. Influence of dwarfed apple rootstocks on growth, yield and fruit size of various varieties - Part IV: Concluding valuation. Erwerbs-obstbau 51(1): 11-19. DOI: 10.1007/s10341-009-0075-6.

Fallahi E., Colt W.M., Fallahi B., Chun I-J. 2002. The importance of apple rootstocks on tree growth, yield, fruit quality, leaf nutrition and photosynthesis with an emphasis on ‘Fuji’. HortTechnology 12(1): 38-44.

Fischer C., Buttner R., Fischer M. 1998. Testing of the scab resistance stability of new resistant cultivars. Erwerbs-obstbau 40(5): 130-135.

Godec B. 2007. New varieties: Rubinola. SAD, Revija za Sadjarstvo, Vinogradništvo in Vinarstvo 18(7/8): 11.

Ilie I., Stănică F. 2012. Influence of organo-mineral fertilizers on the productivity and efficiency of an apple scab resistant varieties orchard. Scientific Papers. Series B. Horticulture LVI: 309-312.

Jadczuk-Tobjasz E., Zygmuntowska E., Szlązak R. 2009. Przydatność podkładek dla jabłoni odmiany Elise. Zesz. Prob. Post. Nauk Rol. 539: 229-237. [in Polish]

Jönsson A., Tahir I. 2004. Evaluation of scab resistant apple cultivars in Sveden. J. Fruit Ornam. Plant Res. 12 Special ed.: 223-232.

Kellerhals M., Pfister S., Husistein A., Sauer C. 2003. A field trial with scab resistant apple varieties. Obstund Weinbau 139(18): 10-13.

Kowalczyk W., Wrona D. 2011. Growth and bering of apple cultivar ‘Elise’ on eighteen vegetative rootstocks in „V” planting system. Acta Sci. Pol., Hortorum Cultus 10(2): 125-135.

Kruczyńska D.E., Rutkowski K.P. 2006. Quality and storage of Czech scab resistant apple cultivars. Phytopathol. Pol. 39: 53-61.

Kviklys D., Kvikliene N., Bite A., Lepsis J., Univer T., Univer N., Uselis N., Lanauskas J., Buskiene L. 2012. Baltic fruit rootstock studies: evaluation of 12 apple rootstocks in North-East Europe. Hort. Sci. (Prague) 39(1): 1-7.

Lanauskas J., Valiuškaite A., Kvikliene N., Sasnauskas A., Uselis N. 2009. Assessment of apple cultivars for organic fruit cultivation. Agronomy Res. 7 (Special issue): 363-368.

Mirzwa-Mróz E., Dzięcioł R. 2011. Brudna plamistość jabłek - choroba powszechna, ale mało znana. LIV Ogóln. Konf. Ochrony Rośl. Sadown. „Strategia ochrony upraw sadowniczych przed agrofagami w świetle aktualnych uwarunkowań ekonomicznośrodowiskowych”, Ossa k. Białej Rawskiej 23-24 lutego 2011, pp. 141-144. [in Polish]

Pantea S. 2011. Study regarding the possibility to maintain apple varieties in an ecological system. Analele Univer. Din Oradea, Fascicula Protectia Mediului 17: 271-276.

Piestrzeniewicz C., Sadowski A., Dziuban R. 2009. Suitability of different dwarfing rootstocks for ‘Rubin’ apple trees grown in fertile soil. J. Fruit Ornam. Plant Res. 17(2): 53-62.

Pitera E., Odziemkowski S. 2009. Wartość produkcyjna odmian jabłoni odpornych na parcha w warunkach ograniczonego stosowania fungicydów. Zesz. Prob. Post. Nauk Rol. 539: 575-582. [in Polish]

Russo N.L., Robinson T.L., Fazio G., Aldwinckle H.S. 2007. Field evaluation of 64 apple rootstocks for orchard performance and fire blight resistance. HortScience 42(7): 1517-1525.

Sosna I. 2005. Growth and cropping of several scab-resistant apple cultivars on six rootstocks. Acta Sci. Pol., Hortorum Cultus 4(1): 109-118.

Sosna I., Gudarowska E. 2013. Early performance of ‘Mutsu’ apple trees on different rootstocks in the Lower Silesia region. Acta Sci. Pol., Hortorum Cultus 12(3): 137-146.

Sosna I., Kortylewska D. 2013. Jakość owoców kilku czeskich odmian jabłoni odpornych na parcha w zależności od podkładki. Episteme 19(3): 453-464. [in Polish]

Suszyna J. 2009. Efektywność ekologicznej uprawy jabłoni na przykładzie nasadzenia towarowego w rejonie Sandomierza. Zesz. Prob. Post. Nauk Rol. 536: 205-211. [in Polish]

Szklarz M. 2008. Productive value of seven apple cultivars with different susceptibility to apple scab (Venturia inaequalis Che.). J. Fruit Ornam. Plant Res. 16: 325-331.

Vercammen J., Gomand A. 2011. Search for a more dwarfing rootstock for ‘Jonagold’ apple. Acta Hort. 903: 355-362. http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_46.htm

Webster T. 2002. Dwarfing rootstocks: past, present and future. The Compact Fruit Tree 35(3): 67-72.

Żurawicz E., Lewandowski M., Rutkowski K., Pruski K. 2013. Productivity of selected Polish scab resistant apple cultivars grown on different rootstocks.Acta Hort. 976: 141-146. http://www.actahort.org/books/976/976_17.htm

Journal Information


CiteScore 2018: 0.51

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.207
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.497

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 177 135 13
PDF Downloads 63 55 6