Effect of temporal averaging of meteorological data on predictions of groundwater recharge

Open access

Abstract

Accurate estimates of infiltration and groundwater recharge are critical for many hydrologic, agricultural and environmental applications. Anticipated climate change in many regions of the world, especially in tropical areas, is expected to increase the frequency of high-intensity, short-duration precipitation events, which in turn will affect the groundwater recharge rate. Estimates of recharge are often obtained using monthly or even annually averaged meteorological time series data. In this study we employed the HYDRUS-1D software package to assess the sensitivity of groundwater recharge calculations to using meteorological time series of different temporal resolutions (i.e., hourly, daily, weekly, monthly and yearly averaged precipitation and potential evaporation rates). Calculations were applied to three sites in Brazil having different climatological conditions: a tropical savanna (the Cerrado), a humid subtropical area (the temperate southern part of Brazil), and a very wet tropical area (Amazonia). To simplify our current analysis, we did not consider any land use effects by ignoring root water uptake. Temporal averaging of meteorological data was found to lead to significant bias in predictions of groundwater recharge, with much greater estimated recharge rates in case of very uneven temporal rainfall distributions during the year involving distinct wet and dry seasons. For example, at the Cerrado site, using daily averaged data produced recharge rates of up to 9 times greater than using yearly averaged data. In all cases, an increase in the time of averaging of meteorological data led to lower estimates of groundwater recharge, especially at sites having coarse-textured soils. Our results show that temporal averaging limits the ability of simulations to predict deep penetration of moisture in response to precipitation, so that water remains in the upper part of the vadose zone subject to upward flow and evaporation.

Aeschbach-Hertig, W., Gleeson, T., 2012. Regional strategies for the accelerating global problem of groundwater depletion. Nature Geosci., 5, 853–861.

Allan, R.P., Soden. B.J., 2008. Atmospheric warming and the amplification of precipitation extremes. Science, 321, 1481–1481.

Allan, P., Soden, B.J., John, V.O., Ingram, W., Good, P., 2010. Current changes in tropical precipitation. Environ. Res. Lett., 5, 025205, 7 p.

Allen R.G., Pereira, L.S., Raes, D., Smith, M., 1998. Crop Evapotranspiration; Guidelines for Computing Crop Water Requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 56. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

ASCE, 2005. The ASCE Standardized Reference Evapotranspiration Equation. Environmental and Water Resources Institute of ASCE, Final Report. American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, USA.

Assefa, K.A., Woodbury, A.D., 2013. Transient, spatially varied groundwater recharge modeling. Water Resour. Res., 49, 4593–4606.

Batalha, M.S., Bezerra, C.R., Jacques, D., Barbosa, M.C., Pontedeiro, E.M., van Genuchten, M.Th., 2012. Multicomponent transport predictions of 226Ra in soil following the use of phosphogypsum. In: Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorization, WASTENG, Porto, Portugal, 6 p.

Carsel R.F., Parrish. R.S., 1988. Developing joint probability distributions of soil water retention characteristics. Water Resour. Res., 4, 755–769.

Chambers, J.M., Cleveland, W.S., Kleiner, B., Tukey, P.A., 1983. Graphical Methods for Data Analysis. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.

Ephrath, J.E., Goudriaan, J., Marani, A., 1996. Evaluation and calibration of three models for daily cycle of air temperature, radiation, wind speed and relative humidity by equations from daily characteristics. Agric. Syst., 51, 4, 377–393.

Gee, G.W., Hillel, D., 1988. Groundwater recharge in arid regions: Review and critique of estimation methods. Hydrol. Process., 2, 255–266. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.3360020306.

Gleeson, T., Befus, K.M., Jasechko, S., Luijendijk, E., Cardenas, M.B., 2015. The global volume and distribution of modern groundwater. Nature Geosci., 9, 161–167.

Gorelick, S.M., Zheng, C., 2015. Global change and the groundwater management challenge. Water Resour. Res., 51, 3031–3051, DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016825.

Harman, C.J., Rao, P.S.C., Basu, N.B., McGrath, G.S., Kumar, P., Sivapalan, M., 2011. Climate, soil, and vegetation controls on the temporal variability of vadose zone transport. Water Resour. Res., 47, W00J13

INMET, 2015. Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia, Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento <http://www.inmet.gov.br/portal/index.php?r=bdmep/bdmep>, Brazil.

Jasechko, S., Taylor, R.G., 2015. Intensive rainfall recharges tropical groundwaters Environ. Res. Lett., 10, 124015.

Jimenez-Martinez, J., Skaggs, T.H., van Genuchten, M.Th., Candela, L., 2009. A root zone modelling approach to estimating groundwater recharge from irrigated areas. J. Hydrol., 367, 138–149.

Jyrkama, M.I., Sykes, J.F., 2007. The impact of climate change on spatially varying groundwater recharge in the grand river watershed (Ontario). J. Hydrol., 338, 237–250.

Jyrkama, M.I., Sykes, J.F., Normani, S.D., 2002. Recharge estimation for transient ground water modeling. Ground Water, 40, 638–648.

Katul, G.G., Parlange, M.B., 1992. A Penman-Brutsaert model for wet surface evaporation. Water Resour. Res., 28, 121–126.

Kim, J.H., Jackson, R.B., 2012. A global analysis of groundwater recharge for vegetation, climate, and soils. Vadose Zone J., 11, 1.

Kimball, B.A., Bellamy, L.A., 1986. Generation of diurnal solar radiation, temperature, and humidity patterns. Energy Agric., 5, 185–197.

Kuntz, D., Grathwohl, P., 2009. Comparison of steady-state and transient flow conditions on reactive transport of contaminants in the vadose zone. J. Hydrol., 369, 225–233.

Leterme, B., Mallants, D., Jacques, D., 2012. Sensitivity of groundwater recharge using climatic analogues and HYDRUS-1D. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2485–2497.

Marsaglia, G.W., Tsang, W., Wang, J., 2003. Evaluating Kolmogorov's distribution. J. Stat. Softw., 8, 18.

Marshall, J.D., Shimada, B.W., Jaffe, P.R., 2000. Effect of temporal variability in infiltration on contaminant transport in the unsaturated zone. J. Contam. Hydrol., 46, 151–161.

Maxwell, R.M., Kollet, S.J., 2008. Interdependence of groundwater dynamics and land-energy feedbacks under climate change. Nature Geosci., 1, 665–669.

Mileham, L., Taylor, R.G., Todd, M., Tindimugaya, C., Thompson, J., 2009. Climate change impacts on the terrestrial hydrology of a humid, equatorial catchment: sensitivity of projections to rainfall intensity. Hydrol. Sci. J., 54, 727–738.

Neto, D.C., Chang, H.K., van Genuchten, M.Th., 2016. A mathematical view of water table fluctuations in a shallow aquifer in Brazil. Ground Water, 54, 82–91.

Ngatcha, B.N., Mudry, J., Sarrot, R.J., 2007. Groundwater recharge from rainfall in the southern border of Lake Chad in Cameroon. World Appl. Sci. J., 2, 125–131.

Owor, M., Taylor, R.G., Tindimugaya, C., Mwesigwa, D., 2009. Rainfall intensity and groundwater recharge: Empirical evidence from the Upper Nile Basin. Environ. Res. Lett., 4, 035009.

Phillips, F.M., 1994. Environmental tracers for water movement in desert soils of the American Southwest. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 58, 15–24.

Portmann, F.T., Döll, P., Eisner, S., Flörke, M., 2013. Impact of climate change on renewable groundwater resources: assessing the benefits of avoided greenhouse gas emissions using selected CMIP5 climate projections. Environ. Res. Lett. 8, 024023.

Saifadeen, A., Gladnyeva, R., 2012. Modeling of solute transport in the unsaturated zone using HYDRUS-1D. TVVR 12/5020, Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, Sweden.

Santoni, C.S., Jobbágy, E.G., Contreras, S., 2010. Vadose zone transport in dry forests of central Argentina: Role of land use. Water Resour. Res., 46, W10541.

Scanlon, B.R., Healy, R.W., Cook, P.G., 2002. Choosing appropriate techniques for quantifying groundwater recharge. Hydrogeol. J., 10, 18–39.

Shah, T., Molden, D., Sakthivadivel, R., Seckler, D., 2000. The global groundwater situation: Overview of opportunities and challenges. IWMI Books, Rep. H025885. Int. Water Manage. Ins., Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Shiklomanov, I.A., 1997. Comprehensive assessment of the freshwater resources of the world. World Meteor. Org., Stockholm, Sweden.

Shiklomanov, I.A., Rodda, J.C., 2003. World Water Resources at the Beginning of the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Šimůnek, J., Šejna, M., Saito, H., Sakai, M., van Genuchten, M.Th., 2013. The HYDRUS-1D Software Package for Simulating the One-Dimensional Movement of Water, Heat, and Multiple Solutes in Variably-Saturated Media, Version 4.17. Dep. of Environmental Sciences, University of California, Riverside, California, USA.

Šimůnek, J., van Genuchten, M.Th., Šejna, M., 2016. Recent developments and applications of the HYDRUS computer software packages. Vadose Zone J., 15, DOI: 10.2136/vzj2016.04.0033.

Soares, P.S.M., Souza, V.P., Possa, M.V., Soares. A.B., 2012. Projeto Cooperativo para Realização de Experimento de Avaliação de Desempenho de Cobertura Seca para Mitigação de Drenagem Ácida de Mina em Escala Piloto Centro de Tecnologia Mineral (CETEM). Relatório Final de Projeto Elaborado Para a Carbonífera Criciúma S.A., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Taylor, R.G., Todd, M.C., Kongola, L., Maurice, L., Nahozya, E., Sanga, H., MacDonald, A.M., 2013. Evidence of the dependence of groundwater resources on extreme rainfall in East Africa. Nature Climate Change, 3, 374–378.

van Bavel, C.H.M., 1966. Potential evaporation: The combination concept and its experimental verification. Water Resour. Res., 2, 3, 455–467.

van Bavel, C.H.M., Hillel, D.I., 1976. Calculating potential and actual evaporation from a bare soil surface by simulation of concurrent flow of water and heat. Agric. Meteorol., 17, 453–476.

van Genuchten, M.Th., 1980. A closed-form equation for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 44 892–898.

Veldkamp, T.I.E., Wada, Y., Aerts, J.C.J.H., Ward, P.J., 2016. Towards a global water scarcity risk assessment framework: Incorporation of probability distributions and hydro-climatic variability. Environ. Res. Lett., 11, 024006.

Vero, S.E., Ibrahim, T.G., Creamer, R.E., Grandt, J., Healy, M.G., Henry, T., Kramers, G., Richards, K.G., Fenton, O., 2014. Consequences of varied soil hydraulic and meteorological complexity on unsaturated zone time lag estimates. J. Contam. Hydrol., 170, 53–67.

Vörösmarty, C.J., Green, P., Salisbury, J., Lammers, R.B., 2000. Global water resources: Vulnerability from climate change and population growth. Science, 289, 284–288.

Wada, Y., Wisser, D., Bierkens, M.F.P., 2014. Global modeling of withdrawal, allocation and consumptive use of surface water and groundwater resources. Earth Syst. Dyn., 5, 15–40.

Wang, P., Quinlan, P., Tartakovsky, D.M., 2009. Effects of spatio-temporal variability of precipitation on contaminant migration in the vadose zone. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L12404.

Wann, M., Yan, D., Gold, H.J., 1985. Evaluation and calibration of three models for daily cycle of air temperature. Agric. Forest Meteorol., 34, 121–128.

Yin, Y., Sykes, J.F., Normani, S.D., 2015. Impacts of spatial and temporal recharge on field-scale contaminant transport model calibration. J. Hydrol., 527, 77–87.

Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics

The Journal of Institute of Hydrology SAS Bratislava and Institute of Hydrodynamics CAS Prague

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.714
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.639



CiteScore 2017: 1.91

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.599
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.084

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 1026 1026 41
PDF Downloads 160 160 19