Spatial-Temporal Monitoring of Groundwater Using Multivariate Statistical Techniques in Bareilly District of Uttar Pradesh, India

Open access

Spatial-Temporal Monitoring of Groundwater Using Multivariate Statistical Techniques in Bareilly District of Uttar Pradesh, India

Monitoring of groundwater quality in Bareilly district, Uttar Pradesh, India, was performed at 10 different sites during the years 2005-2006. Obtained quality parameters were treated using principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA). The study shows usefulness of multivariate statistical techniques for evaluation and interpretation of groundwater quality data sets.

AMERICAN PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION, 1985: Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water (10th edn). Washington, DC, American Public Health Association.

BRODNJAK VONCINA D., DOBCNIK D., NOVIC M., ZUPAN J., 2002: Chemometrics characterisation of the quality of river water. Analytica Chimica Acta, 462, 87-100.

BRULAND K. W., FRANKS, KNAUER G. A., MARTIN J. H., 1979: Sampling and analytical methods for the determination of copper, cadmium, zinc and nickel at nanogram per liter level in seawater. Analytica Chimica Acta, 105, 233-245.

CHARKHABI A.H., SAKIZADEH M., 2006: Assessment of spatial variation of water quality parameters in the most polluted branch of the Anzali wetland, Northern Iran. Polish J. Environmental Studies, 15, 395-403.

EINAX J. W., TRUCKENBRODT D., KAMPE O., 1998: River pollution data interpreted by means of chemometric methods. Microchemical J., 58, 315-324.

HELENA B., PARDO R., VEGA M., BARRADO E., FERNANDEZ J.M., FERNA′NDEZ L., 2000: Temporal evolution of groundwater composition in an alluvial aquifer (Pisuerga river, Spain) by principal component analysis. Water Research., 34, 807-816.

KIM J.H., KIM R.H., LEE J., CHEONG T.J., YUM B.W., CHANG H.W., 2005: Multivariate statistical analysis to identify the major factors governing groundwater quality in the coastal area of Kimje, South Korea. Hydrological Processes, 19, 1261-1276.

KIM J.O., MUELLER C.W., 1987: Introduction to factor analysis: what it is and how to do it. Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences Series. Sage University Press, Newbury Park.

KOWALKOWSKI T., ZBYTNIEWSKI R., SZPEJNA J., BUSZEWSKI B., 2006: Application of chemometrics in river water classification. Water Research., 40, 744-752.

LEE J.Y., CHEON J.Y., LEE K.K., LEE S.Y., LEE M.H., 2001: Statistical evaluation of geochemical parameter distribution in a ground water system contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. Journal of Environmental Quality, 30, 1548-1563.

LIU C. W., LIN K. H., KUO Y. M., 2003: Application of factor analysis in the assessment of groundwater quality in black foot disease in Taiwan. The Science of the Total Environment., 313, 77-89.

MARQUES DA SILVA A. M., SACOMANI L. B., 2001: Using chemical and physical parameters to define the quality of Pardo river water (Botucatu - SP-Brazil). Water Research., 35, 1609-1616.

MENDIGUCHIA C., MORENO C., GALINDO RIANO M. D., GARCIA VARGAS M., 2004: Using chemometric tools to assess anthropogenic effect in river water, a case study: Guadalquivir River (Spain). Analytical Chimica Acta, 515, 143-149.

NEERI, 1991: Manual of Water and Pollution control. (Vol. 1.)

OLDHAM R. D., 1917: The structure of the Himalayas and of the Gangetic Plain, as elucidated by geodetic observations in India. Mem. Geol. Survey of India, XLII, 2, Calcutta.

OUYANG Y., 2005: Evaluation of river water quality monitoring stations by principal component analysis. Water Research., 39, 2621-2635.

OUYANG Y., NKEDI KIZZA P., WU Q. T., SHINDE D., HUANG C. H., 2006: Assessment of seasonal variations in surface water quality. Water Research., 40, 3800-3810.

PASCOE E.S., 1968: A manual of the geology of India and Burma, Government of India, Pub.

REGHUNATH R., MURTHY T.R.S., RAGHAVAN B.R., 2002: The utility of multivariate statistical techniques in hydrogeochemical studies: an example from Karnataka, India. Water Research., 36, 2437-2442.

SHRESTHA S., KAZAMA F., 2007: Assessment of surface water quality using multivariate statistical techniques: A case study of the Fuji river basin, Japan. Environmental Modeling and Assessment, 22, 464-475.

SIMEONOV V., EINAX J. W., STANIMIROVA I., KRAFT J., 2002: Environmetric modeling and interpretation of river water monitoring data. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 374, 898-905.

SIMEONOV V., SARBU C., MASSART D. L., TASAKOVSKI S., 2001: Danube river water data modeling by multivariate data analysis. Microchimica Acta, 137, 243-248.

SIMEONOV V., SIMEONOVA P., TSITOURIDOU R., 2004: Chemometric quality assessment of surface waters: two case studies. Chemical and Engineering Ecology, 11, 6, 449-469.

SIMEONOV V., STEFANOV S., TASAKOVSKI S., 2000: Environmetrical treatment of water quality survey data from Yantra River, Bulgaria. Microchimica Acta, 134, 15-21.

SIMEONOV V., STRATIS J.A. SAMARA C., ZACHARIADIS G., VOUTSA D., ANTHEMIDIS A. et al., 2003: Assessment of the surface water quality in Northern Greece. Water Research., 37, 4119-4124.

SIMEONOVA P., SIMEONOV V., ANDREEV G., 2003: Environmetric analysis of the Struma River water quality. Central European J. Chemistry, 2, 121-126.

SINGH K.P., MALIK A., SINGH V.K., 2005a: Chemometric analysis of hydro-chemical data of an alluvial river - A case study. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 170, 383-404.

SINGH K.P., MALIK A., SINHA S., 2005b: Water quality assessment and apportionment of pollution sources of Gomti river (India) using multivariate statistical techniques-A case study. Analytical Chimica Acta, 538, 355-374.

SINGH K.P., MALIK A., MOHAN D., SINHA S., 2004: Multivariate statistical techniques for the evaluation of spatial and temporal variations in water quality of Gomti River (India) - A case study. Water Research., 38, 3980-3992.

SOTELO F.M., ANDRADE J.M., CARLOSENA A., TAULER R., 2007: Temporal characterization of river waters in urban and semi-urban areas using physico-chemical parameters and chemometrics methods. Analytical Chimica Acta, 583, 128-137.

SUNDARAY S.K., PANDA U.C., NAYAK B.B., BHATTA D., 2006: Multivariate statistical techniques for the evaluation of the Mahanadi river-estuarine system (India) - A case study. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 28, 317-330.

SUESS E., 1904-1924: The Face of the Earth, 5 Vols., Clarendon press, Oxford.

TARRADO M., BARCELO D., TAULER R., 2006: Identification and distribution of contamination sources in the Erbo river basin by chemometrics modeling coupled to geographical information systems. Talanta, 70, 691-704.

VEGA M., PARDO R., BARRADO E., DEBAN L., 1998: Assessment of seasonal and polluting effects on the quality of river water by exploratory data analysis. Water Research., 32, 3581-3592.

WUNDERLIN D.A., DIAZ M.P., AME M.V., PESCE S.F., HUED A.C., BISTONI M.A., 2001: Pattern recognition techniques for the evaluation of spatial and temporal variations in water quality. A case study: Suquia river basin (Cordoba, Argentina). Water Research., 35, 2881-2894.

ZEILHOFER P., LIMA E.B.N.R., LIMA G.A. R., 2006: Spatial patterns of water quality in the Cuiaba river basin, Central Brazil. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 123, 41-62.

Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics

The Journal of Institute of Hydrology SAS Bratislava and Institute of Hydrodynamics CAS Prague

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.714
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.639

CiteScore 2017: 1.91

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.599
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.084


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 150 150 69
PDF Downloads 45 45 29