Cross-National Comparative Study on Legal Education and Admission to Practice Between China, India and Pakistan

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Legal profession has experienced substantial changes owing to economic needs and evolution of legal industry and market. This has multiplied the need of new breed of competent and well versed lawyers in the global legal profession. The character and calibre of the legal profession is determined by the quality and standard of law faculties and of legal education. The study intends to explore and compare the legal education and admission to practice in China, India and Pakistan. It further expounds the structure, purpose, teaching methods, pathways to admission and problems of legal education in all jurisdictions. The research contemplates on the distinctive features of legal education and its compatibility with practical aspect of legal profession in the selected countries. The study finds that China and Pakistan have a similar structure of mandatory training after graduation which India does not provide for. The study concludes that all jurisdictions must include legal practical course into their curriculum to be able to compete with the global demand.

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  • 1. Chinese legal Education has been in a serious turmoil before Cultural Revolution however it resumed with the approval of national entrance examination in 1977-1978. Cross-national comparative study on legal education and admission to practice between China India and Pakistan Journal of legal studies Volume 21 Issue 35/2018 ISSN 2457-9017; Online ISSN 2392-7054. Web: Pages 16-37 37

  • 2. A comparative study was conducted on total credit required for undergraduate law programme between nine universities. The result reveals that a large number of compulsory courses are being offered whereas very little time is given for specialised law courses and training programmes.

  • 3. The Constitution of India Schedule 7 List I Entries 63 64 and 65 sanctions the Central Government to establish by law educational institutions including institutions for professional training and research of national importance: Education and legal profession falls within the concurrent List which means State Governments can also establish universities and institutions imparting legal education and training.

  • 4. A case was reported against the decision taken by the Central Government for abolishing the professional examination admission to the bar conducted by the Bar Council under The Advocates Act 1961 § 49A. The Maharashtra State Bar Council unanimously passed a resolution against this decision.

  • 5. The aim of National Law University Delhi is to impart high quality interdisciplinary legal education with a view to produce leading professionals scholars and academicians particularly in law and generally in other disciplines. The roadmap of the five year BA.LL.B degree programme is available at (accessed on 01-06-2017).

  • 6. The legal education has been varied from two to three years in the country time to time. It is worth mentioning that tremendous turnover in the legal profession has been observed since many law graduates drop out the profession within five years.

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