Short Comings of Criminal Justice System of Pakistan and its Effects on the Rights of Accused Prisoner Wrongfully Convicted or Imprisoned

Open access

Abstract

The criminal justice system in Pakistan operates imperfectly, although the aim of the Pakistan’s Criminal Law system is that no person is being convicted without all the elements but our System is not speedy and fast in disposal of cases then automatically innocent suffers. A failure of the justice system leaves people free but uncompensated. When a case has been decided after a lengthy trial and an individual acquit on merit by the judgment of concerned Court than upon release he did not receive any thing as compensation by the Criminal Justice System of Pakistan because System offers no mechanism for compensation. This article will discuss about wrongfully convicted persons in Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System and the reasons for their wrongful imprisonment and mechanism for compensation. In the end, conclusions and recommendations will be given on the same.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Avery M. Paying for Silence: The Liability of Police Officers under Section 1983 for Suppressing Exculpatory Evidence. Temp. Pol. & Civ. Rts. L.Rev 2003 13 1.

  • 2. Avery M. Obstacles to Litigating Civil Claims for Wrongful Conviction: An Overview. BU Pub. Int. Lj 2008 18 439.

  • 3. Bernhard A. When Justice Fails: Indemnification for Unjust Conviction. University of Chicago Roundtable 1999 73(6).

  • 4. Bernhard A. Justice Still Fails: A Review of Recent Efforts to Compensate Individuals Who Have Been Unjustly Convicted and Later Exonerated. Drake Law Review 2004 52.

  • 5. Brandon L. Garrett Innocence Harmless Error and Federal Wrongful Conviction Law 2005.

  • 6. Charles J. Ogletree Jr. Austin Sarat. When Law Fails: Making sense Of Miscarriages Of Justice (2009).

  • 7. Jim Dwyer Peter Neufeld Barry Scheck Actual Innocence. Five Days To Execution And Other Dispatches From The Wrongly Convicted 2000.

  • 8. Chunias J. L. Aufgang Y. D. Beyond monetary compensation: The need for comprehensive services for the wrongfully convicted. BC Third World LJ 2008 28 105.

  • 9. Constitution of Islamic Republic Of Pakistan 1973.

  • 10. David Latham around the pressures brought to bear by John Reid and David Blunkett in www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2010/Mar/31/parole-chief-warns-overraction.

  • 11. Dobbs D. B. Belief and Doubt in Malicious Prosecution and Libel. Ariz. L. Rev 1979 21 607.

  • 12. Gerard. Seenan (2004). Innocents Struggle with Life after Jail The Guardian at 10 available at http://www.guardian.co.uk/

  • 13. Grisham j. (ND) Making Up For Lost Time: What The Wrongfully Convicted Endure and HowTo Provide Fair Compensation. Innocence Project. P-3

  • 14. Hameed H. A study of the criminal law and prosecution system in Pakistan. J: Manzil Pakistan. 2013 p-1-39

  • 15. Hood R. Shute S. Feilzer M. & Wilcox A. (2002). Reconviction rates of serious sex offenders and assessments of their risk. London: Home Office.

  • 16. http://www.businessinsider.com/james-bain-exonerated-after-35-years-in-prison-2013-10.

  • 17. Johnston J. J. (1999). Reason over v. Washington: Toward a Just Treatment of the Wrongly Convicted in Missouri. UMKC L. Rev 1999 68 411.

  • 18. Lawrence F. Declaring innocence: Use of declaratory judgments to vindicate the wrongly convicted. BU Pub. Int. LJ 2008 18 391.

  • 19. Leo ownes M. (2013). Emory University The challenge of ensuring just compensation for wrongfully convicted former prisoners.P-2

  • 20. Limone v. United States 497 F. Supp. 2d 143 207-213 (D. Mass 2007) (analyzing the role played by FBI agents in the framing of innocent defendants in a state murder prosecution and rejecting the government’s claim that the agents did not initiate the prosecution).

  • 21. Martin. N. Innocence lost. San Francisco magazine 2004 p 1-39.

  • 22. Michael Hall “The Exonerated” Texas Monthly November 2008 155.

  • 23. Mostaghel D. Wrongfully Incarcerated Randomly Compensated-How to Fund Wrongful-Conviction Compensation Statutes. Ind. L. Rev 2010 44 503.

  • 24. Naughton M Tan G. (2010). Claims of Innocence: an Introduction to Wrongful Convictions and How they Might be Challenged. University of Bristol 2010.

  • 25. Parratt v. Taylor 451 U.S. 527 543 1981.

  • 26. Rachel. D.V. Revealing the impact and aftermath of miscarriages of justice Albany Law Review 2012. P-1.

  • 27. Roberts J. Stanton E. A long road back after exoneration and Justice is slow to make amends. The New York Times 2007.

  • 28. Rosenthal L. Theory of Governmental Damages Liability: Torts Constitutional Torts and Takings A. U. Pa. J. Const. L 2006 9 871.

  • 29. Roy Brown quoted in John Stith “DNA Tosses Auburn Man’s 1995 Murder Conviction” The Post-Standard June 20 2008.

  • 30. Saks M. J. Constantine L. Dolezal M. Garcia J. (2000).

  • 31. Toward a Model Act for the Prevention and Remedy of Erroneous Convictions. New Eng. L. Rev 2000 35 669.

  • 32. Taylor. F. (2011). What Price Immunity: Prosecutorial Misconduct Wrongful Convictions and the United States Supreme Court 201110(4) p 1-16.

  • 33. Visher Kachnowski Vign Travis Baltimore prisoners Experiences Returning Home 2004 P-1

  • 34. Weigand H. Rebuilding a life: The wrongfully convicted and exonerated. BU Pub. Int. Lj 2008 18 427.

  • 35. WIS. L. REV. 35 36. For discussion of the general problem of wrongful convictions 2005.

Search
Journal information
Target audience: experts in the field of Romanian Law
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 1778 328 13
PDF Downloads 373 172 13