The Role of Customary Law in the Forest Preservation in Bali

Open access

Abstract

The endeavors to preserve the forest in Bali cannot be isolated from the existence of local wisdom. Customary law, as a decision of Hindu religious leaders in Bali, is one of the local wisdoms which has been maintained by the society. This study examined the values of local wisdom held by indigenous people and reviewed the preservation of forests from a Hindu perspective. This research was conducted in three villages in Bali, namely Tenganan Village, Manggis Sari Village, and Sangeh Village. The residents of these villages believed that forest is a sacred area which must be maintained and preserved properly.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Abeng A. T. (2019). The Role of Tidal Ri Kajang in the Culture of the Kajang Community Bulukumba Regency (Ethnographic Study). Ecosystem 19 (1) 54-60.

  • Achard F. Eva H. D. Stibig H. J. Mayaux P. Gallego J. Richards T. ---amp--- Malingreau J. P. (2002). Determination of deforestation rates of the world’s humid tropical forests. Science 297(5583) 999-1002. DOI: 10.1126/science.1070656.

  • Arnawa N. Gunartha I. W. ---amp--- Sadwika I. N. (2018). Balinese Hegemonic Politness in Awig-Awig of Desa Pakraman. Theory and Practice in Language Studies 8(11) 1485-1493. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17507/tpls.0811.13.

  • Azwir A. Jalaluddin J. ---amp--- Ibrahim I. (2017). Peranan Masyarakat Dalam Menjaga Kelestarian Hutan Sebagai Sumber Kehidupan. Jurnal Ekonomi Manajemen dan Akuntansi (JEMSI) 3(1).

  • Baviskar A. (1999). Vanishing Forests Sacred Trees: A Hindu Perspective on Eco-Consciousness. Asian Geographer 18(1-2) 21-31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10225706.1999.9684045.

  • Birdsey R. ---amp--- Pan Y. (2015). Trends in management of the world’s forests and impacts on carbon stocks. Forest Ecology and Management 355 83-90. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.04.031.

  • BPS. (2018). Penduduk Provinsi Bali Menurut Agama yang Dianut Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010. Retrieved December 21 2018 from https://bali.bps.go.id/statictable/2018/02/15/33/penduduk-provinsi-bali-menurut-agama-yang-dianut-hasil-sensus-penduduk-2010.html.

  • Caneva G. Traversetti L. Sujarwo W. ---amp--- Zuccarello V. (2017). Sharing ethnobotanical knowledge in traditional villages: evidence of food and nutraceutical “core groups” in Bali Indonesia. Economic botany 71(4) 303-313. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12231-017-9395-x.

  • Charnley S. Fischer A. P. ---amp--- Jones E. T. (2007). Integrating traditional and local ecological knowledge into forest biodiversity conservation in the Pacific Northwest. Forest ecology and management 246(1) 14-28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.03.047.

  • Hadjikakou M. Chenoweth J. ---amp--- Miller G. (2013). Estimating the direct and indirect water use of tourism in the eastern Mediterranean. Journal of environmental management 114 548-556. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.11.002

  • Hakim L. Kim J. E. ---amp--- Hong S. K. (2009). Cultural landscape and ecotourism in Bali Island Indonesia. Journal of Ecology and environment 32(1) 1-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5141/JEFB.2009.32.1.001.

  • Henley D. ---amp--- Davidson J. S. (2008). In the name of adat: regional perspectives on reform tradition and democracy in Indonesia. Modern Asian Studies 42(4) 815-852. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0026749X07003083.

  • Hull R. B. Robertson D. P. ---amp--- Kendra A. (2001). Public understandings of nature: A case study of local knowledge about” natural” forest conditions. Society ---amp--- Natural Resources 14(4) 325-340. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920118871

  • Lestawi I Nengah. (2015). Hukum Hindu Suatu Perkembangannya. Surabaya: Paramita.

  • Lubin T. (2015). Writing and the recognition of customary law in premodern India and Java. Journal of American Oriental Society 135(2) 225-259. DOI: 10.7817/jameroriesoci. 135.2.225.

  • MacDicken K. G. Sola P. Hall J. E. Sabogal C. Tadoum M. ---amp--- de Wasseige C. (2015). Global progress toward sustainable forest management. Forest Ecology and Management 352 47-56. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.02.005.

  • Payn T. Carnus J. M. Freer-Smith P. Kimberley M. Kollert W. Liu S. ... ---amp--- Wingfield M. J. (2015). Changes in planted forests and future global implications. Forest Ecology and Management 352 57-67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.06.021.

  • Raymond C. M. Bryan B. A. MacDonald D. H. Cast A. Strathearn S. Grandgirard A. ---amp--- Kalivas T. (2009). Mapping community values for natural capital and ecosystem services. Ecological economics 68(5) 1301-1315. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.12.006.

  • Roth D. ---amp--- Sedana G. (2015). Reframing Tri Hita Karana: From ‘Balinese Culture’to Politics. The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology 16(2) 157-175. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14442213.2014.994674.

  • Samadhi T. N. (2004). Man culture and environments: an anthropological approach to determining the Balinese urban design unit. Journal of Urban Design 9(2) 205-223. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1357480042000227825.

  • Singh RK Hussain SM Riba T. Singh A. Padung E. Rallen O.---amp--- Bhardwaj AK (2018). Classification and management of community forests in Indian Eastern Himalayas : implications on ecosystem services conservation and livelihoods Ecological Processes 7 (1) 27.

  • Strunk Jr. W. White E.B (2000) The Elements of Style fourth ed. Longman New York. Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Mettam G.R. Adams L.B. 2009. How to prepare an electronic version of your article in: Jones B.S. Smith R.Z. (Eds.) Introduction to the Electronic Age (pp. 281–304) E-Publishing Inc. New York.

  • Suardana I. W. (2011). Implementasi Prinsip Perlindungan Hutan dalam Penanggulangan Illegal Occupation di Kawasan Hutan (Studi Kasus pada Illegal Occupation di Tahura Ngurah Rai). Unpublished magister thesis Program Magister Ilmu Hukum Universitas Udayana Denpasar.

  • Sujarwo W. (2016). Stand biomass and carbon storage of bamboo forest in Penglipuran traditional village Bali (Indonesia). Journal of forestry research 27(4) 913-917. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11676-016-0227-0.

  • Wardana A. (2014). Alliances and contestations in the legal production of space: The case of Bali. Asian Journal of Comparative Law 9 145-171. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S2194607800000958.

  • Warren C. (2005). Community mapping local planning and alternative land use strategies in Bali. Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography 105(1) 29-41. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00167223.2005.10649524.

  • Windia W. P. (2010). Bali mawacara: kesatuan awig-awig hukum dan pemerintahan di Bali. Udayana University Press.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.45

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.183
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.233

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 37 37 37
PDF Downloads 27 27 27