First Proposal Of Seed Regions For Frankincense Trees (Boswellia Spp.) On Socotra Island

Lvončík Smuel 1 , Maděra Petr 1 , Volařík Daniel 1 , Vrškový Boris 1  and Habrová Hana 1
  • 1 Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Forestry and Wood technology, Department of Forest Botany, Dendrology and Geobiocoenology, Zemědělská 3, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic


The landscape differentiation on seed regions is used in the Czech forestry industry for purposes of seed transfers. The seed regions are created for main commercial tree species and the rules for transfer among these regions are described. The geobiocoenological landscape differentiation and differences among tree species populations were used as main approaches. The same principle is used for Boswellia seed regions differentiation on Socotra island. Eight species of Boswellia genus were determined on the island, all species being endemic. The differentiation is based on Boswellia populations field survey. All populations were described in morphological signs. The vegetation zones and geomorphological differentiation were also taken into account. The result is a map of seed regions for every Boswellia species on Socotra island presented in the article.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Attore, F., Francesconi, F., Taleb, N., Scholte, P., Saed, A., Alfo, M. & Bruno, F., (2007). Will dragonblood survive the next period of climate change? Current and future potential distribution of Dracaena cinnabari (Socotra, Yemen). Biological Conversation. 138 (3-4), pp. 430-439.

  • Attorre, F., Taleb, N., De Sanctis, M., Farcomeni, A., Guillet, A. &Vitale M., (2011). Developing conservation strategies for endemic tree species when faced with time and data constraints: Boswellia spp. on Socotra (Yemen). Biodiversity Conservation, 20 (7), pp. 1483-1499.

  • Batelka, J., (2013). Socotra Archipelago - a lifeboat in the sea of changes: advancement in Socotra insect biodiversity survey. Acta entomologica Musei nationalis Pragae, 52 (2), pp. 1-26.

  • Brown, G. & Mies, B., (2012). Vegetation ecology of Socotra. Plant and Vegetation 7: Springers.

  • Ceccolini, L., (2002). The homegardens of Soqotra island, Yemen: an example of agroforestry approach to multiple land-use in an isolated location. Agroforestry Systems (56), pp. 107-115.

  • Cheung, C. & Devantier, L., (2006). Socotra - A Natural History of the Island and their People. Hong Kong: Oddysey Books and Guides, Airphoto International Ltd.

  • Culek, M., (2004). Biogeografické a orografické členění souostroví Sokotry. In Pavliš, J. & Habrová, H. (eds.), Závěrečná zpráva o výsledcích řešení projektu v letech 2002 až 2004 “Tvorba ekologické sítě, agrolesnická, kulturní a výchovná východiska trvale udržitelného rozvoje ostrova Sokotra”, část B: Agrolesnictví a ekologická síť (pp. 40-46). Brno: MZLU Brno.

  • Daly, D.C., Harley M.M., Martínez-Habibe, M.C. & Weeks, A., (2011). Burseraceae. In. Kubitzky, K. (Ed.), The families and genera of vascular plants: Sapindales, Cucurbitales, Myrtaceae, (pp. 76-104), Vol. 10, Berlin: Springer.

  • De Sanctis, M., Adeeb, A., Farcomeni, A., Patriarca, Ch., Saed A. & Attorre, F., (2012). Classification and distribution patterns of plant communities on Socotra Island, Yemen. Applied Vegetation Science 16, 148-165. Doi: 10.1111/j.1654-109X.2012.01212.x Eslamieh, J., (2011). Cultivation of Boswellia Sacred Trees of Frankincense. USA: A Book’s Mind.

  • Habrova, H., (2004). Geobiocoenological differentiation as a tool for sustainable land-use of Soqotra Island (Republic of Yemen). Ekológia Bratislava. 23 (1), pp. 47-57. ISSN 1335-342X.

  • Habrová, H., (2012). Twelve years of native-tree planting on Soqotra. Tayf - The Soqotra Newsletter. 9, 12. ISSN 0000-0000.

  • Habrová, H. & Němec, P., 2013. New Czech Development Assistance Project on Soqotra: Support of small-scale farmers and agricultural education on Soqotra Island. TAYF The Soquorta Newsletter. 10, 3.

  • Kilian, N. & Hubaishan, M.A., (2006). Biodiversity of Socotra: forests, woodlands and bryophytes. Englera. 28, pp. 11-55. ISBN: 3921800617.

  • Kilian, N. & Hein, P., (2006). New and noteworthy records for the v ascular plant flora of Socotra Island, Yemen. Englera. 28, pp. 57-78. ISBN: 3921800617.

  • Kral, K. & Pavlis, J., (2006). The first detailed land cover map of Socotra Island by Landsat /ETM+ data. Int. Journal of Remote Sensing. 27 (15), pp. 3239-3250.

  • Kriegel, H., (1990). Growth and development of Scots pine plantations with deformed roots. Zprávy Lesnického Výzkumu 35 (1), pp. 17-20. ISSN 0322-9688.

  • Kruckeberg, A. & Rabinowitz, D., (1985). Biological aspects of Endemism in higher plants. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematic. 16, pp. 447-97.

  • Kürschner, H., Hein, P., Kilian, N. & Hubaishan, M.A., (2006). Diversity and zonation of the forests and woodlands of the mountains of northern Socotra, Yemen. Englera. 28, pp. 11-55. ISBN: 3921800617.

  • Mies, B., (2001). Flora und Vegetationsokologie der Insel Soqotra. Essener Okologische Schriften 15.

  • Miller, A. G., Morris, M., Diccon, A. & Atkinson, R., (2004). Ethnoflora of the Soqotra Archipelago. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. ISBN 1-872291-59-7. Ministerstvo zemědělství české republiky, (1996). Zákon o lesích a příslušné vyhlášky: Agrospoj Praha.

  • Scholte, P. & De Geest, P., (2010). The climate of Socotra Island (Yemen): A first-time assessment of the timing of the monsoon wind reversal and its influence on precipitation and vegetation patterns. Journal of Arid Environments. 74 (11), pp. 1507-1515.

  • Scholte, P., Al-Okaishi, A. & Suleyman, A.S., (2011). When conservation precedes development: A case study of the opening up of the Socotra archipelago, Yemen. ORYX. 45(3), pp. 401-410.

  • Van Damme, K. & Banfield, L., (2011). Past and present human impacts on the biodiversity of Socotra Island (Yemen): implications for future Conservation. Biodiversity Conservation in the Arabian Peninsula Zoology in the Middle East. 3, pp. 31-88. ISSN 0939-7140.

  • Weeks, A., Daly, D.C. & Simpson, B.B., (2005). The phylogenetic history and biogeography of the frankincense and myrrh family (Burseraceae) based on nuclear and chloroplast sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 35(1), pp. 85-101. DOI:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.12.021.


Journal + Issues