Natura 2000 Sites as an Asset for Rural Development: The German-Czech Ore Mountains Green Network Project

Olaf Bastian 1 , Martin Neruda 2 , Ladislava Filipová 2 , Iva Machová 2  and Markus Leibenath 1
  • 1 Leibniz Institute of Ecological and Regional Development (IOER), Dresden, Germany
  • 2 Faculty of Environment, J. E. Purkyně University, Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic

Natura 2000 Sites as an Asset for Rural Development: The German-Czech Ore Mountains Green Network Project

Environmental quality and attractive landscapes are becoming ever more important as factors for the quality of life and the economy. Valuable ecosystems, often designated as protected areas, can be a precondition for sustainable rural development by providing the basis of various forms of economic activity. This applies also to the Ore Mountains which are characterized by outstanding natural assets and a typical cultural landscape on both sides of the border between the German state of Saxony and the Czech region of Northern Bohemia. They contain many NATURA 2000 sites, some of them extensive complexes which in some case straddle the border.

Starting from a SWOT analysis, which shows the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in the region, the assessment of the main economic, ecological and socio-cultural functions and potentials of the NATURA 2000 ascertained a wide variety of ecosystem services which such protected areas provide. In many cases, there are various hitherto unused potentials, which offer opportunities for further development, e.g. for sampling medicinal plants, or for eco-tourism. There are also cases of overexploitation, e.g. by tourism: the trampling of sensitive vegetation, or disturbance of such animals as the black grouse (Tetrao tetrix). On the other hand, some valuable areas, such as mountain meadows, suffer from land abandonment and deficits in landscape management.

On the basis of these results, the opportunities and risks for enhancing synergies between nature conservation and rural development are discussed. Favorable product-marketing, eco-tourism, and environmental education can improve acceptance for sustainable landscape management, especially among land users.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bastian, O. (1997). Gedanken zur Bewertung von Landschaftsfunktionen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Habitatfunktion. NNA Reports, Schneverdingen 10: pp.106-125.

  • Bastian, O., Schreiber, K.-F. (1999). Analyse und ökologische Bewertung der Landschaft. Heidelberg, Berlin: Spektrum Akad. Verlag (2., considerably modified edition).

  • Costanza, R., d'Arge, R., DeGroot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon, B., Limburg, K., Naeem, S., O'Neill, R., Paruelo, J. (1997). The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature 387:253-260.

  • Daily, G. (1997). Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. Washington, D. C.: Island Press.

  • DeGroot, R. S. (1992). Functions of Nature: Evaluation of Nature in Environmental Planning, Management and Decision-Making. Groningen: Wolters-Noordhoff.

  • DVL (Deutscher Verband für Landschaftspflege e.V.) (2007). Natura 2000 - Lebensraum für Mensch und Natur - Leitfaden zur Umsetzung. DVL-Schriftenreihe "Landschaft als Lebensraum" 11.

  • European Commission (2008). Natura 2000. Newsletter "Nature", GD Environment, No. 24, July 2008, p. 4.

  • Getzner, M., Jost, S. & Jungmeier, M. (2002). Naturschutz und Regionalwirtschaft: Regionalwirtschaftliche Auswirkungen von Natura-2000-Gebieten in Österreich. Frankfurt a. M., Berlin: Peter Lang.

  • Grunewald, K., Bastian, O. (2010). Ökosystemdienstleistungen analysieren - begrifflicher und konzeptioneller Rahmen aus landschaftsökologischer Sicht. GEOÖKO 31:50-82.

  • Grunewald, K., Sudbrack, R. (2009). Einzugsgebiete mit gestörten Hochmooren und ihre Relevanz für Trinkwassertalsperren im Erzgebirge. Wasser und Abfall 11:49-54.

  • Hein, L., van Koppen, K., deGroot, R. S. & van Ierland, E. C. (2006). Spatial stakeholders and the valuation of ecosystem services. Ecol. Economics 57:209-228.

  • Brink, P., Monkhouse, C. & Richartz, S. (2002). Promoting the socio-economic benefits of Natura 2000. Background Report, Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), Europ. Conference, Brussels, 28-29 November 2002.

  • Job, H., Metzler, D. (2005). Regionalökonomische Effekte von Großschutzgebieten. Natur und Landschaft 80:465-471.

  • Kroehnert, S., Medicus, F. & Klingholz, R. (2006). The demographic state of the nation. How sustainable are Germany's regions? Berlin-Institute for population and Development, München: dtv.

  • Leibenath, M., Blum, A. & Stutzriemer, S. (2010). Transboundary cooperation in establishing ecological networks: The case of Germany's external borders. Landscape and Urban Planning 94:84-93.

  • LFL (Sächsische Landesanstalt für Landwirtschaft, ed.) (2007). Ökonomische Bewertung von FFH-Maßnahmen zur Ermittlung wirtschaftlicher Nachteile landwirtschaftlicher Unternehmen Sachsens. Schriftenreihe der LfL 14/2007.

  • MA (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment) (2005). Ecosystem and Human Well-Being: Scenarios, Vol. 2., Washington, D. C.: Island Press.

  • Mannsfeld, K. (1983). Landschaftsanalyse und Ableitung von Naturraumpotentialen. Abhandl. Sächs. Akad. Wiss., Leipzig, math. nat. class, vol. 35, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

  • Müller, F., Burkhard, B. (2007). An ecosystem based framework to link landscape structures, functions and services. In: Mander, Ü, Wiggering, H. & Helming, K. (Eds.): Multifunctional Land Use - Meeting Future Demands for Landscape Goods and Services, pp. 37-64, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer.

  • Neßhöver, C., Beck, S., Born, W., Dziock, S., Görg, C., Hansjürgens, B., Jax, K., Köck, W., Rauschmeyer, F., Ring, I., Schmidt-Loske, K., Unnerstall, H., Wittmer, H. & Henle, K. (2007). Das Millennium Ecosystem Assessment - eine deutsche Perspektive. Natur und Landschaft 82:262-267.

  • OECD (2006). Das neue Paradigma für den ländlichen Raum. Politik und Governance. Prüfbericht über die Politik im ländlichen Raum. Retrieved 2009 Juny, from http://webdomino1.oecd.org

  • Schweppe-Kraft, B. (2008). Ecosystem services of natural and semi-natural ecosystems and ecologically sound land use papers and presentations of the workshop "Economic Valuation of Biological Diversity - Ecosystem Services". German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (Int. Academy for Nature Conservation, Vilm), 13 - 16 May 2007.

  • SMUL (2009). Waldzustandsbericht 2009. Sächsisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Landwirtschaft, Dresden.

  • Stolton, S. (2009). Communicating values and benefits of protected areas in Europe. Results of a seminar organised by BfN and EUROPARC Federation at the International Academy for Nature Conservation, Vilm, Germany April 14th - 18th, 2009.

  • TEEB (2009). The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: An interim report. Europ. Comm., Brussels. Retrieved 2009, September, from www.teebweb.org

  • Veselá, J., Zahrádka, V. (2006). Vliv rašelinišť na kvality surové vody z vodárenských nádrži. Retrieved 2009 Juny, from http://www.poh.cz

  • Vos, C. C., Verboom, J. (2007). Adapting the landscape to climate change: linking ecosystem networks. In: Bunce, R. G. H., Jongman, R. H. G., Hojas, L., Weel, S. (Eds.). 25 years of Landscape Ecology: Scientific Principles in Practice. pp. 901-902. Proc. 7th IALE World Congress 8-12 July, Wageningen, The Netherlands, IALE Publ. series

  • Walczak, C., Wilhelm, E.-G. (2009). Darstellung bestehender wirtschaftlicher Strukturen und Vernetzungen am Beispiel von im Besitz des Landesvereins befindlicher Natura-2000-Flächen. Landesverein Sächsischer Heimatschutz, Dresden, mscr., unpubl.

  • Wörler, K., Burmester, A. & Stolpe, G. (2006). Evaluierung der Managementeffektivität in deutschen Großschutzgebieten. Bundesamt für Naturschutz, Bonn: BfN-Schriften 173.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search