Imaging-derived Biomarkers Associated with Atrial FIBROsis, Structural Remodeling and the Risk of Cardioembolic Events in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation – the FIBROS Study

Balázs Oltean-Péter 1 , 3 , Szilamér Korodi 1 , 2 , István Benedek Jr 1 , 3 , Erzsébet Lázár 1 , 3 , Johanna Kéri 1 , 3 , Annamária Pakucs 1 , 3 , István Kovács 1 , 2 , Lehel Bordi 1 , 2 , Adriana Mitre 1 , Imre Benedek 1 , 2 , Theodora Benedek 1 , 2 ,  and István Benedek 1 , 3
  • 1 University of Medicine and Pharmacy, , Tîrgu Mureș, Romania
  • 2 Center of Advanced Research in Multimodality Cardiac Imaging, Cardio Med Medical Center, , Tîrgu Mureș, Romania
  • 3 Clinic of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit, , Tîrgu Mureș, Romania

Abstract

Recent studies demonstrated that despite restoration of the sinus rhythm, patients with a positive history of atrial fibrillation (AF) are still at risk of thromboembolic events. The primary objective of this study is to identify new imaging-derived biomarkers provided by modern imaging technologies, such as cardiac computed tomography angiography, delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging, or speckle tracking echocardiography, as well as hematological biomarkers, associated with the risk of intracavitary thrombosis in patients with AF, in order to identify the imaging-derived characteristics associated with an increased risk of cardioembolic events. Imaging data collected will be post-processed using advanced techniques of computational modeling, in order to fully characterize the degree of structural remodeling and the amount of atrial fibrosis. The primary endpoint of the study is represented by the rate of thromboembolic events. The rate of cardiovascular death, the rate of major adverse cardiovascular events, and the rate of AF recurrence will also be determined in relation to the degree of structural remodeling and atrial fibrosis.

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