Ischemic heart disease morbidity and mortality are closely related to global and regional left ventricular function. The evaluation of left ventricular global function is a relevant part in the evolution of ischemic heart disease because it plays a significant role in prognosis prediction and patient management after revascularization. Regional function is also a critical part of the evolution, offering a possible and reliable mode for the assessment of myocardial disease. Currently several techniques for the evaluation of left ventricular parameters and function are in use. In this review we will discuss and compare currently available methods for the evaluation of global and regional left ventricular function such as 2D and 3D echocardiography, 3D speckle-tracking echocardiography, multi-slice computed tomography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.
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