The Influence of Working Conditions on Employees in a Metalworking Place of Employment

Open access

Abstract

In the working and outside environment a single factor is never found by itself, rather there are always a number of factors the effects of which can be combined, multiplied and thus adversely affect the human body. Evaluating and assessing health risks at work due to exposure to harmful work factors and the working environment is a challenging and long-term process. Limit values are defined for the categorization of types of work in such a way that it is not foreseeable that, according to current scientific knowledge, they will be detrimental to the health of employees. However, these limit values are set for each factor alone and do not take into account the effect of the combined action of individual factors on the human body. The research aimed at assessing the combined effects of risk factors on human health. The experimental proposal of the assessment focuses on the workplace featuring metalworking machinery and technological equipment. The author paid a significant attention to the risk assessment process and synergistic effects of factors.

Abstract

In the working and outside environment a single factor is never found by itself, rather there are always a number of factors the effects of which can be combined, multiplied and thus adversely affect the human body. Evaluating and assessing health risks at work due to exposure to harmful work factors and the working environment is a challenging and long-term process. Limit values are defined for the categorization of types of work in such a way that it is not foreseeable that, according to current scientific knowledge, they will be detrimental to the health of employees. However, these limit values are set for each factor alone and do not take into account the effect of the combined action of individual factors on the human body. The research aimed at assessing the combined effects of risk factors on human health. The experimental proposal of the assessment focuses on the workplace featuring metalworking machinery and technological equipment. The author paid a significant attention to the risk assessment process and synergistic effects of factors.

REFERENCES

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  • Hnilica, R. (2011) Development of framework for assessment of combined effects of risk factors (in Slovak). Acta Facultatis Technicae. Vol. 16, No. 2, p. 31-37.

  • Hnilica, R. (2012) Synergy effect of risk factors in working environment and methods their assessment (in Slovak). Acta Facultatis Technicae. Vol. 17, No. 2, p. 25-34.

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  • Muzammil, M., Khan, A., Hasan F. (2007) Effect of noise, heat stress and exposure duration on operators in a die casting operation. Occupational Ergonomics. Vol. 7, No. 4, p. 233-245.

  • Oesman, T.I., Arifin, M. (2007) Temperature, Noise, Illumination and Vibration Analysis in Production Department at Small Garment Industry. Proceedings of International Conference on Ergonomics. p. 219-223.

  • Pellerin, N., Candas, V. (2003) Combined effects of temperature and noise on human discomfort. Physiology and Behaviour. Vol. 78, No. 1, p. 99-106.

  • Piňosová, M., Andrejiová, M., Lumnitzer, E. (2012) Analyzing clinical symptoms of the synergy of high exposure to noise and vibration on human health in productions (in Slovak). Pracovní lékařství. Vol. 64, No. 2-3. p. 103-111.

  • Tiller, D., et al. (2010) Combined Effects of Noise and Temperature on Human Comfort and Performance. ASHRAE Transaction. Vol. 116, No. 522-540.

Andrejiová, M., Králiková, R., Piňosová, M. (2016) Analysis of subjective assessment of thermal-humidity microclimatic conditions in selected production organizations (in Slovak). Pracovní lékařství. Vol. 68. No. 3. p. 6-11.

Andrejiová, M., Piňosová, M., Lumnitzer, E. (2013) New approach to evaluation of the influence of noise and vibrations on the health of employees in car service operations (in Slovak). Pracovní lékařství. Vol. 65. No. 3-4. p. 88-99.

Buchancová, J., et al. (2003) Occupational Medicine and Toxicology (in Slovak). Publishers Osveta, s.r.o. Slovakia. p. 1132.

Dado, M., Hnilica, R. (2008) Quantitative risk assessment of personal noise exposure in woodworking shop. Acta Facultatis Ecologiae. Vol. 19. p. 27-31.

Dado, M., Hudecová, D., Hnilica, R. (2012) Combined effects of lighting, noise and temperature on work performance (in Slovak). Acta Universitatis Matthiae Belii. Vol. 14, No. 1, p. 100-104.

Dado, M., Mečiarová, J. (2007) The analytical approaches for determining the health and environmental risks of machining operations. International science conference of materials science and manufacturing technology. p. 162-167.

Hnilica, R. (2011) Development of framework for assessment of combined effects of risk factors (in Slovak). Acta Facultatis Technicae. Vol. 16, No. 2, p. 31-37.

Hnilica, R. (2012) Synergy effect of risk factors in working environment and methods their assessment (in Slovak). Acta Facultatis Technicae. Vol. 17, No. 2, p. 25-34.

Lumnitzer, E., et al. (2013) Methodology of complex health risk assessment in industry 2 (in Slovak). Publishers MUSKA sp. z o.o. Poland. p. 326.

Muzammil, M., Khan, A., Hasan F. (2007) Effect of noise, heat stress and exposure duration on operators in a die casting operation. Occupational Ergonomics. Vol. 7, No. 4, p. 233-245.

Oesman, T.I., Arifin, M. (2007) Temperature, Noise, Illumination and Vibration Analysis in Production Department at Small Garment Industry. Proceedings of International Conference on Ergonomics. p. 219-223.

Pellerin, N., Candas, V. (2003) Combined effects of temperature and noise on human discomfort. Physiology and Behaviour. Vol. 78, No. 1, p. 99-106.

Piňosová, M., Andrejiová, M., Lumnitzer, E. (2012) Analyzing clinical symptoms of the synergy of high exposure to noise and vibration on human health in productions (in Slovak). Pracovní lékařství. Vol. 64, No. 2-3. p. 103-111.

Tiller, D., et al. (2010) Combined Effects of Noise and Temperature on Human Comfort and Performance. ASHRAE Transaction. Vol. 116, No. 522-540.

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