Green Building Materials Products and Service Market in the Construction Industry

Chidiebere Emmanuel Eze 1 , Rex Asibuodu Ugulu 2 , Samuel Ikechukwu Egwunatum 3 , and Imoleayo Abraham Awodele 4
  • 1 Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
  • 2 Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
  • 3 Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
  • 4 Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

Abstract

The construction industry influences and accelerates national growth and development, but it, however, contributes to unsustainable and eco-unfriendly development which impacts on the economy and environment. To encourage investment in sustainable construction, this study made a case for green building materials (GBM) products and services market in the construction industry of developing countries, through an assessment of the benefits of GBM incorporation in construction projects. The study adopted an internet-mediated questionnaire survey approach and snowball sampling techniques to gathered data from clients, consultants, professionals, and contractors/sub-contractor in the southeast geopolitical zones of Nigeria. Frequency, Percentile, Shapiro-Wilk test, Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin (KMO) and Bartlett’s tests, relative importance index (RII) and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to analyse the collected data. The study revealed that the green construction market is unsaturated and under-tapped. With high awareness and low adoption levels of GBM, it was concluded that the most important benefits of GBM that will trigger demand and supply of GBM products and services are improved daylight and reduced need for artificial lighting, improves the quality of life, Increase employees productivity and reduced absenteeism, improve occupants health and comfort, higher profit and return on investment, leads to construction professionals specialisation, reducing greenhouse gas emission from building, reduces toxicity in the internal environment, low operating and maintenance cost, and creates new job opportunities. The uniqueness of this study lies in the assessment of the views of construction stakeholders' in the five states that make up the South-eastern geo-political zone of Nigeria, regarding the key benefits that could trigger the uptake and incorporation of GBM in construction. Developers and Investors in the industry could invest in green construction since there is a ready and unsaturated market for it.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Abidin, N.Z. (2010). Investigating the awareness and application of sustainable construction concept by Malaysian developers. Habitat International, 34(4), 421-426.

  • Green Building Materials Products and Service Market in the Construction Industry 97 Abimbola, O.W., and James, O.R. (2012). Contemporary Issues in Building Collapse and Its Implications for Sustainable Development. Buildings, 2, 283-299.

  • Abolore, A.A. (2012). Comparative study of environmental sustainability in building construction in Nigeria and Malaysia. Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Science, 3(6), 951-961.

  • Ackroyd, S. and Hughes, J.A. (1981). Data Collection in Context. Longman: London.

  • Adedeji, Y. M. D., and Fa, G. (2012). Sustainable housing provision: preference for the use of interlocking masonry in housing delivery in Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Research and Management, 3(1), 009-016.

  • Adegbile, M.B.O. (2013). Assessment and Adaptation of an Appropriate Green Building Rating System for Nigeria. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 3(1), 1-11.

  • Afolabi, A.D., Graeme, D.L., and Runming, Y. (2013). Sustainable Construction in Nigeria: Understanding Firm Level Perspectives. Sustainable Building Conference 2013, Coventry University, 37-46.

  • Aghimien, D. O., Awodele, O. A., and Aghimien, E. I. (2016). Providing Sustainability in Educational Buildings Through the Use of Compressed Stabilized Interlocking Earth Blocks. Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology and Management, 6(2), 130-140.

  • Aghimien, D., Aigbavboa, C. and Shuthergoon, A. (2018b). Will existing buildings in South Africa ever be green? Contemporary construction conference: dynamic and Innovative Built environment (CCC2018), Coventry, UK, 5th – 6th July, 17-23.

  • Aghimien, D., Aigbavboa, C., Aghimien, L., Thwala, W.D. and Ndlovu, L. (2019b). Making a case for 3D printing for housing delivery in South Africa. International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis. Vol. aheadof-print No. ahead-of-print. doi: 10.1108/IJHMA-11-2019-0111.

  • Aghimien, D., Aigbavboa, C., Oke, A., Thwala,W. and Moripe,P. (2020). Digitalization of construction organisations – a case for digital partnering. International Journal of Construction Management, doi: 10.1080/15623599.2020.1745134.

  • Aghimien, D.O., Adegbembo, T.F., Aghimien, E.I and Awodele, O.A. (2018a). Challenges of Sustainable Construction: A Study of Educational Buildings in Nigeria. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 5(1), 33-46.

  • Aghimien, D.O., Aigbavboa, C.O., and Thwala, W.D. (2019a). Microscoping the challenges of sustainable construction in developing countries. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 17(6), 1110-1128.

  • Ahn, Y.H., Pearce, A.R., Wang, Y., and Wang, G. (2013). Drivers and barriers of sustainable design and construction: the perception of green building experience. International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology, 4(1), 35-45.

  • Aigbavboa, C., Ohiomah, I., and Zwane, T. (2017). Sustainable construction practices: “a lazy view” of construction professionals in the South Africa construction industry. The 8th International Conference on Applied Energy Procedia, 105, 3003–3010.

  • Akadiri, P.O., Chinyio, E.A. and Olomolaiye, P.O. (2012). Design of A Sustainable Building: A Conceptual Framework for Implementing Sustainability in the Building Sector. Buildings, 2,126-152.

  • Alabi, A. A. (2012). Comparative study of environmental sustainability in building construction in Nigeria and Malaysia. Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences, 3(6), 951-961.

  • AlSanad, S. (2015). Awareness, Drivers, Actions, and Barriers of Sustainable Construction in Kuwait. International Conference on Sustainable Design, Engineering and Construction. Procedia Engineering, 118, 969–983.

  • Anzagira, L.F., Badu E., and Duah, D. (2019). Towards an Uptake Framework for the Green Building Concept in Ghana: A Theoretical Review. International Journal on: Proceedings of Science and Technology, 57-76.

  • Ashuri, B., and Durmus-Pedini, A. (2010). An overview of the benefits and risk factors of going green in existing buildings. International Journal of Facility Management, 1(1), 1-15.

  • Atkinson, R., and Flint, J. (2001). Accessing hidden and hard-to-reach populations: snowball research strategies. Social Research Update, Vol. 33. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/ on April 23 2019.

  • Awodele, O.A., Aghimien, D.O., Akinkunmi, O.G., and Aigbavboa, C. O. (2019). Labour-only procurement: A veritable surviving strategy for contractors in a challenging economy. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 17 (2), 347-361.

  • Badam, P. (2017). Green materials and their advantages. Retrieved from: http://www.greenbuildproducts.com/.

  • Baloi, D. (2003). Sustainable construction: challenges and opportunities. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 289-297.

  • Baron, N. and Donath, D. (2016). Learning from Ethiopia – A discussion on sustainable building. In Proceeding of SBE16 Hamburg International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment Strategies – Stakeholders – Success factors. Hamburg, Germany.

  • Blaxter, L., Huges, C. and Tight, M. (2001). How to Research (second Ed.). Open University Press, London.

  • Buys, F. and Hurbissoon, R. (2011). Green buildings: A Mauritian built environment stakeholders’ perspective. Acta Struct, 18, 81–101.

  • Chan, E. H., Qian, Q. K., and Lam, P. T. (2009). The market for green building in developed Asian cities - the perspectives of building designers. Energy Policy, 37(8), 3061-3070.

  • Chegut, A., Eichholtz, P., and Kok, N. (2014). Supply, demand and the value of green buildings. Urban Studies, 51(1), 22–43.

  • Cifani, S. (2017). 8 Sustainable Building Materials to Green Your Next Construction Project. Retrived from https://www.dumpsters.com/ on March 5 2019.

  • Daramola, A., Adebayo, T., and Alabi, D. (2012). Green Architecture and Sustainable Development in Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection, 2 (2), 95-101.

  • Darko, A., Chan, A. P. C., Owusu, E. K., and Antwi-Afari, M.F. (2018). Benefits of green building: A literature review. The Construction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS COBRA), 23 – 24 April 2018, RICS HQ, London, UK.

  • Darko, E., Nagrath, K., Niaizi, Z., Scott, A., Varsha, D., and Vijaya Lakshmi, K. (2013). Green building: Case study. Overseas Development Institute. Retrieved from http://basinsa.net/.

  • Davies, O.O.A., and Davies, I.O.E. (2017). Barriers to Implementation of Sustainable Construction Techniques. Journal of Environmental Science, 2, 1-9.

  • Essa, R., and Forune, C. (2008). Pre-Construction Evaluation Practices of Sustainable Housing Project the UK. Engineering Construction and Architectural Management, 6(15), 514-526.

  • Eze, E. C., Sofolahan, O., Adegboyega, A. A., and Saidu, K. J. (2019). Factors Limiting the Full-scale Adoption of Process and Product Innovation in the Nigerian Construction Industry. SEISENSE Journal of Management, 2(3), 67-81. doi: 10.33215/sjom.v2i3.145

  • Field, A. (2005). Discovering Statistics, using SPSS for Windows. Sage Publications, London.

  • Fithian, C., and Sheets, A. (2009). Green Building Materials: Determining the True Definition of Green. UTSoA- Seminar in Sustainable Architecture.

  • Ghasemi, A. and Zahediasl, S. (2012). Normality Test for Statistical Analysis: A guide for non-statisticians. International Journal of Endocrinol Metab, 10(2), 486-489.

  • Gomes, V. and Silva, M.G.D. (2005). Exploring sustainable construction: implication from Latin America. Building Research and Information, 33(5), 428-440.

  • Hakkinen, T. and Belloni, K. (2011). Barriers and drivers for sustainable building. Building Research and Information, 3(39), 239–255.

  • Heckathorn, D.D. (2011). Comments: snowballing versus respondent-driven sampling. Sociological Methodology, 41(1), 355-366.

  • Hejazi, S. (2006). Sampling and its variants: Introduction to Research Methodology in Medical Sciences. Tehran: Islamic Azad University.

  • Hwang, B. G. and Tan, J. S. (2012). Green building project management: obstacles and solutions for sustainable development. Sustainable Development, 20(5), 335-349.

  • Ierek (2017). The Benefits of green buildings. Retrieved from https://www.ierek.com/ on March 5 2019.

  • Issa, M. H., Rankin, J. H., and Christian, A. J. (2010). Canadian practitioners' perception of research work investigating the cost premiums, long-term costs and health and productivity benefits of green buildings. Building and Environment, 45(7), 1698-1711.

  • John, T. A., Alumbugu, P.O., and Micheal, A. I. (2019). Contract awards disparity among multinational and indigenous construction companies. Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management, 9(2), 126-131.

  • Kasim, N., Kusumaningtias, R., and Sarpin, N. (2019). Enhancing material tracking practices of material management in construction project. International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology, 10(2), 61-73.

  • Kats, G., and Capital, E. (2003). The cost and financial benefits of green buildings: A report to California’s sustainable building task force. Developed for the Sustainable Building Task Force, California, USA.

  • Kats, G.H. (2003). Green Building Costs and Financial Benefits. Massachusetts Technology Collaborative: Massachusetts, MA, USA.

  • Khoshbakht, M., Gou, Z., and Dupre, K. (2017). Costbenefit prediction of green buildings: SWOT analysis of research methods and recent applications. Procedia Engineering, 180, 167-178.

  • Kim, J., and Rigdon, B. (1998). Sustainable Architecture Module: Qualities, Use, and Examples of Sustainable Building Materials. Published by National Pollution Prevention Center for Higher Education, 430E. University Avenue, Ann Arbor.

  • Koutsogiannis, A. (2018). Ten Benefits of Sustainable Construction. Retrieved from https://www.constructionexec.com/ on March 5 2019.

  • LaMarco, N. (2019). What Are the Benefits of Going Green for a Business? Retrieved From https://smallbusiness.chron.com on April 15 2019.

  • Naderifar, M., Goli, H., and Ghaljaie, F. (2017). Snowball Sampling: A Purposeful Method of Sampling in Qualitative Research. Strides Dev Med Education, 14(3), 1-6. doi: 10.5812/sdme.67670.

  • Nationwide construction (2016). Eco-friendly Construction: 8 Advantages of Green Building. Retrived from https://nationwideconstruction.com/ on January 15 2019.

  • Nduka, D. O., and Ogunsanmi, O. E. (2015). Construction Professionals’ Perception on Green Building Awareness and Accruable Benefits in Construction Projects in Nigeria. Covenant Journal of Research in the Built Environment (CJRBE), 3(2), 30-52.

  • Nduka, D.O., and Sotunbo, A.S. (2014). Stakeholders Perception on The Awareness of Green Building Rating Systems and Accruable Benefits In Construction Projects In Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 16(7), 118-130.

  • Nwankwo, S. I., Okonkwo M. M. and Nwankwo C. V. (2012). Towards advancing methodology of public residential building diagnosis in south-east Nigeria through mathematical model development and applications. Journal of the Association of Architectural Educators in Nigeria (AARCHES J), 11(1), 121-137.

  • Oke, A., Aghimien, D., Aigbavbooa, C., and Musenga, C. (2019). Drivers of sustainable construction practices in the Zambian Construction industry. Energy Procedia, 158, 3246-3252.

  • Oni, O.J. (2015). Accelerating Sustainable Construction in Nigeria: The Professionals’ Perspective. Civil and Environmental Research, 7(10), 61-67.

  • Onyegiri, I. and Ugochukwu, I.B, (2016). Traditional Building Materials as a Sustainable Resource and Material for Low Cost Housing in Nigeria: Advantages, Challenges and the Way Forward. International Journal of Research in Chemical, Metallurgical and Civil Engineering, 3(2), 247-252

  • Padayachee, K. (2016). Internet-mediated research: Challenges and issues. South African Computer Journal, 28(2), 25–45. doi: 10.18489/sacj.v28i2.376.

  • Patil, K.M., and Patil, M. S. (2017). Sustainable Construction Materials and Technology in Context with Sustainable Development. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, 10(1), 112-117.

  • Peckenham, E. (2016).11 green building materials that are way better than concrete. Retrieved from https://inhabitat.com/ on January 15 2019

  • Pitt, M., Tcker, M., Riley, M. and Longden, J. (2009). Towards sustainable construction: promotion and best practice”, Construction Innovation, 9(2), 201-224.

  • Polit-O’Hara, D. and Beck, C.T. (2006). Essentials of nursing research: Methods, appraisal, and utilization. 1. Lippincott Williams Wilkins.

  • Powmya, A. and Abidin, Z.N. (2014). The challenges of green construction in Oman. International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology, 5(1), 33-41.

  • Ramsey, S. R., Thompson, K. L., McKenzie, M. and Rosenbaum, A. (2016). Psychological research in the internet age: The quality of web-based data. Computers in Human Behavior, 58, 354–360. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.12.049.

  • Raouf, A.M., and Al-Ghamdi, S.G. (2020). Managerial Practitioners’ Perspectives on Quality Performance of Green-Building Projects. Buildings, 10(71), 1-23.

  • Richardson, G.R.A., and Lynes, J. K. (2007). Institutional motivations and barriers to the construction of green buildings on campus. A case study of the University of Waterloo, Ontario. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 8(3), 339-354. doi: 10.1108/14676370710817183.

  • Shabrin, N., and Kashem, S.B. (2017). A comprehensive cost benefit analysis of green building. In: Proceedings of 94th IIER International Conference, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1-2 February.

  • Sheth, K. N. (2016). Sustainable Building Materials Used in Green Buildings. 9th International Conference on Engineering and Business Education (ICEBE) & 6th International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship (ICIE), 23-26.

  • Simpeh, E.K., and Smallwood, J. J. (2018). Analysis of the benefits of green building in South Africa”, Journal of Construction Project Management & Innovation, 8(2), 1829-1851.

  • Susilawati, C., and Al-Surf, M. (2011). Challenges Facing Sustainable Housing in Saudi Arabia: A current study showing the level of public awareness. Paper presented at the 17th Pacific Rim Real Estate Society Conference Gold Coast, Australia.

  • Tabachnick, B. G., and Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using Multivariate Statistics (5th ed.). Pearson Education Inc, Boston, MA.

  • Tan, W.C.K. (2011). Practical Research Methods. Pearson Custom, Singapore.

  • The constructor (2016). 23 Different Green Building Materials. Retrieved from https://theconstructor.org/ on November 10 2019

  • Umar, U.A., and Khamidi, M.F. (2012). Determined the Level of Green Building Public Awareness: Application and Strategies. International Conference on Civil, Offshore and Environmental Engineering, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. doi: 10.13140/2.1.5095.6480.

  • USEPA (2014). The economic benefits of green infrastructure: A case study of Lancaster, PA. A report developed under EPA Contract No. EP-C-11-009 as part of the 2012 EPA Green Infrastructure Technical Assistance Program – United States Environmental Protection Agency.

  • USEPA (2009). Municipal solid waste generation, recycling, and disposal in the United States: Facts and figures for 2008. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C, USA. Retrieved from www.epa.gov/ on November 23 2019.

  • Waniko, D.P. (2014). Green building in Nigeria. Emerging Opportunities for the Quantity Surveying Profession. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/ on March 5 2019.

  • Windapo, A.O. (2014). Examination of green building drivers in the South African construction industry: Economics versus Ecology. Sustainability, 6, 6088-6106.

  • Wright, K. B. (2005). Researching internet-based populations: Advantages and disadvantages of online survey research, online questionnaire authoring software packages, and web survey services. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 10(3), 00–00. doi: 10.1111/j.1083-6101.2005.tb00259.x.

  • Yudelson, J. (2005). Predicting the growth of green buildings using the ‘Diffusion of Innovations’ theory. Tucson, AZ: Yudelson Associates.

  • Zhang, X., Platten, A. and Shen, L. (2011). Green property development practice in China: Costs and barriers. Building and Environment, 46(11), 2153-2160.

  • Zhu, B., Zhu, C., and Dewancker, B. (2020). A study of development mode in green campus to realize the sustainable development goals. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 21(4), 799-818.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search