The waste generation from old rubber tires has been increasing and causing environmental degradation with the escalation of vehicles number especially in the cities. Bitumen is extensively used in flexible pavement construction and as its manufacturing industries were still growing, the cost has not been much affordable. This study aimed at evaluating the possibility of a partial replacement of ordinary bitumen by tire rubber waste, with the purpose to reduce not only the amount of rubber wastes dispersed in the nature, but also the material cost, while keeping or improving the bitumen product performance. The study used rubber waste powder as partial replacement to ordinary bitumen by 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% of its weight and, with adequate samples, properties of the bitumen product were investigated, after checking the standard quality of used bitumen 60/70 grade. It was established that more adequate results were achieved at 5% of replacement, which showed the penetration value of 61.66 tenths mm, the softening point value of 52.750C, and the viscosity of 134 sec. Regarding the cost estimation of this new bitumen, a cost reduction of around 5.3% was realized. Therefore, the use of rubber waste powder would contribute not only to the reduction of the quantity of respective waste in the environment, but also influence on the material affordability. The use of other grades of bitumen than 60/70, as well as the strength and durability performance may be a good scope for further studies.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
AAASHTO (2014). Standard Specifications for Transportation Materials and Methods of Sampling and Testing, Thirty-Fourth Edition, USA
Adeyemi, A. and Awoyera, P. (2019). Overview of trends in the application of waste materials in self-compacting concrete production. SN Applied Sciences, 1(9), 1:962, https://doi.org/10.1007/s42452-019-1012-4
Al-Rkaby, A.H.J. (2019). Strength and Deformation of Sand-Tire Rubber Mixtures (STRM): An Experimental Study. Studia Geotechnica et Mechanica, 41(2), 74–80. https://doi.org/10.2478/sgem-2019-0007
Patel Chirag, B. and Damodariya, S. M. (2013). Study on Effect of Waste Plastic and Crumb Rubber on Physical Properties of Bitumen. International Journal of Scientific Research, 2(5), 163-165. doi: 10.36106/ijsr
Deshmukh, N. H. and Kshirsagar, D. Y. (2017). Utilization of Rubber Waste in Construction of Flexible Pavement. International Journal of Advance Research and Development, 2(7), 70-77.
Gito, S. (2017). Characterization of Asphalt Concrete Produced from Scrapped Tire Rubber. Engineering Journal, 21(4), 193-206. DOI:10.4186/ej.2017.21.4.193
Indian Roads Congress (2002). Tentative Guidelines on the use of polymer and Rubber Bitumen Product in Road construction. The Indian Roads Congress, IRC: SP: 53.
Bureau of Indian Standards (2007). Methods for Testing Tar and Bituminous Materials. Indian Standards IS 1201 to 1220 (1978), India.
Junaid, K., Arshad, H., Fazal, H., Kamran, A., and Kamran, M. (2019). Performance evaluation of bitumen product with replaced percentage of waste cooking oil & tire rubber with bagasse ash as modifier. Civil Engineering Journal, 5(3), 587-596. doi: 10.28991/cej-2019-03091270
Kumar, N. K. and Rajakumara, H. N (2016). Study of using waste rubber tires in construction of bituminous road. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 7(5), 23-27
Li, Y., Zhang, S., Wang, R., and Dang, F. (2019). Potential use of waste tire rubber as aggregate in cement concrete - A comprehensive review. Construction and Building Materials, 225, 1183-1201. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.07.198
Ling, T., Lu, Y., Zhang, Z., Li, C., and Oeser, M. (2019). Value-added application of waste rubber and waste plastic in asphalt binder as a multifunctional additive. Materials, 12(1280), 2-17. doi:10.3390/ma12081280
Lo Presti, D. (2013). Recycled tire rubber modified bitumens for road asphalt mixtures: a literature review. Construction and Building Materials, 49, 863-881. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.09.007
Magar, N. R. (2014). A study on the performance of crumb rubber bitumen product by varying the sizes of crumb rubber. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 14(2), 51-56. doi: 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V14P211
Mashaan, N. S., Ali, A. H., Mohamed, R. K., and Abdelaziz, M. (2014). A review on using crumb rubber in reinforcement of asphalt pavement. The Scientific World Journal, 2014, 01-21. doi: 10.1155/2014/214612
Mehrani, S. A., Bhatti, I. A., Bhatti, N. B., Jhatial, A. A., and Lohar, M. A. (2019). Utilization of rubber powder of waste tires in foam concrete. Journal of Applied Engineering Sciences, 9(1), 87-90. doi: 10.2478/jaes-2019-0011
Nagórska, M., Nagórski, R., and Blazejowski. K.(2015). Selected aspects of design lifespan of flexible pavement with anti-fatigue course. Archives of Civil Engineering, 61 (1), 103 – 118. DOI: 10.1515/ace-2015-0007
Oikonomou, N. and Mavridou, S. (2009). The use of waste tire rubber in civil engineering works. Sustainability of construction materials, 9, 13-238. doi: 10.1533/9781845695842.213
Tileuberdi Ye., Ongarbaev Ye. K., Mansurov Z. A., Tuleutaev B. K, and Akkazyn E.A. (2013). Physical and mechanical characteristics of rubber-bitumen compounds. Chemical and Materials Engineering 1(4), 105-110. DOI: 10.13189/cme.2013.010401
Prasad, A.R. and Sowmya, N. J. (2015). Bituminous modification with waste plastic and crumb rubber, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE), 12(3), 108-115. doi: 10.9790/1684-1232108115
Rokade, S. (2012). Use of waste plastic and waste rubber tires in flexible highway pavements. International Conference on Future Environment and Energy IPCBEE, 28, 105-108.
Rupesh, S. and Rajesh, J. (2015). Economic construction of bituminous road by utilization of waste tire rubber – CRMB. International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering, 1(12), 35-40
Yazan, I. (2016). Effect of adding waste tires rubber to asphalt mix. International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology, 3(5), 61-68.