Improving the Performance of Building Construction Firms through Addressing the Gap of Building Production Management: A New Production Model Approach


Gap of building production management (BPM) is a serious issue that influences project success and building construction firms’ (BCFs) performance. Hence, the call for BCFs performance improvement using a new production model approach is a necessity. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of the new production model concept as a method for enhancing the performance of BCFs through addressing the gap of BPM in Nigeria. To attain this aim, a research procedure was designed to achieve two objectives which include: (i) exploring the nature of Nigerian construction industry, gap of BPM and new production model concept; (ii) investigating the awareness and application of the new production model concept as a method for enhancing the performance of BCFs in the study area. To accomplish the aforementioned aim, a research method comprised of a literature review and questionnaire surveys was designed to address the objectives. The study identified unproductive/ineffective BPM, lack of buildability and maintainability analysis, professionalism mismatch, and unauthorized practices as the gap of BPM. This study revealed that the gap of BPM is the main reason behind building failures/collapses, bad debts, low productivity, low level of clients satisfaction, high labour turnovers, and barriers to economic fortune. The study also revealed poor cash flow, lack of experience in the construction field, unprofessionalism and a high number of unskilled employees in a company, lack of co-operation from subcontractors and suppliers and poor labour relations, as the top five causes of BPM gap. BCFs in Nigeria have adopted several approaches to arrest these issues, but the challenges still occur. Thus, the new production model concept that has not been well adopted by construction firms in Nigeria, and which emphasizes on-site production, and aims at enhancing production management is a key to tackling these issues. Based on the survey findings, the study recommended that the issue of the gap of BPM must be correctly identified and clearly understood so as to enable BCFs to bridge the production management gap which will influence their performance positively.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Adeagbo, A. (2014). Overview of the building and construction sector in the Nigerian economy. Journal of Research in National Development, 12(2), 349-366.

  • Aliyu, A. A., Adamu, H., Abdu, A. A., and Singhry, I. M. (2015). Influence of building contractors’ performance on construction process in Nigeria: A review of emerging literature. Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy, 5(8), 11-22.

  • Alvi, M. H. (2016). A manual for selecting sampling techniques in research. Munich Personal RePEc Archive, 1-56. Retrieved from January 14, 2019.

  • Aniekwu, N. A., Igboanugo, C. A., and Onifade, M. K. (2015). Critical 1ssues in reforming the Nigerian construction industry. British Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 5(3), 321-332.

  • Anyanwu, C. I. (2013). The role of building construction project team members in building projects delivery. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), 14(1), 30-34.

  • Antunes, R. and Gonzalez, V. (2015). A production model for construction: A theoretical framework. Buildings, 5, 209-228.

  • Ayodele, E. O., Ogunbode, A. B., Ariyo, I. E. and Alabi, O. M. (2011). Corruption in the construction industry of Nigeria: Causes and solutions. Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences (JETEMS), 2(3), 156-159.

  • Bertelsen, S. and Koskela, L. (2002). Managing the Three Aspects of Production in Construction. Proceedings of IGLC, Gramado, Brazil, 1-10.

  • Dalibi, S. G.x (2016). Resultant Effects of Poor Supervision in Construction Projects in Nigeria. 6th Building and Construction Economic Round Table (BCERT-6) Conference on Professional Issues and Challenges in Building Collapses in Nigeria, Central Area Garki Abuja FCT, Nigeria, 1-21.

  • Dantata, S. A. (2007). General Overview of the Nigerian Construction Industry. Master thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1-83.

  • Development Bureau. (2018). Construction 2.0: Time to change. KPMG, 1-52. Retrieved from on April 6, 2019.

  • Dorcas, O. A. B., Elkanah, A. O., and John, O. O. (2019). Most critical factors responsible for poor project quality performance in building construction industry (A case study of three major cities in Nigeria). European International Journal of Science and Technology, 8(2), 1-14.

  • Ede, A. N. (2010). Building collapse in Nigeria: The trend of casualties in the last decade (2000-2010). International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 10(6), 32-42.

  • Elzomor, M. and Parrish, K. (2016). Investigating Building Construction Process and Developing a Performance Index. International Conference on Sustainable Design, Engineering and Construction, Procedia Engineering, 145, 211-218.

  • Enshassi, A., Mohamed, S. and Abushaban, S. (2009). Factors affecting the performance of construction projects in the Gaza Strip. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 15(3), 269-280.

  • Essays UK., (2018). Nigerian Construction Industry Performance. 1-20. Retrieved from on April 6, 2019.

  • Gao, S. (2013). The Toyota way model: An implementation framework for large Chinese construction firms. Doctor of Philosophy thesis, National University of Singapore, 1-454.

  • Henrich, G. and Koskela, L., (2006). Production Management in Construction Requirements and Methods. 327-335. Retrived from on 26 April 2019.

  • Hove, G. and Banjo, A. (2015). Performance in the construction industry – A conceptual and theoretical analysis. Open Journal of Business and Management, 3, 177-184.

  • Iheme, C. C. and Chiagorom, C. F. (2018). Construction industry and its constraints in Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Research in Social Engineering and Development Strategies, 5(1), 44-53.

  • Ilori, O. J. and Omopariola, E. D. (2018). Analysis of time performance of indigenous contractors in Kwara State, Nigeria. The International Journal of Engineering and Science (IJES), 7(10), 79-86.

  • Isa, R. B., Jimoh, R. A., and Achuenu, E. (2013). An overview of the contribution of construction sector to sustainable development in Nigeria. Net Journal of Business Management, 1(1), 1-6.

  • Kabirifar, K. and Mojtahedi, M. (2019). The impact of engineering, procurement and construction (epc) phases on project performance: A case of large-scale residential construction project. Buildings, 9(15), 1–15.

  • Koskela, L. J. (1999). Management of Production in Construction: A Theoretical View. Proceedings of IGLC-7, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, 241-252.

  • Lam, P. T. I. and Wong, F. W. H. (2009). Improving building project performance: How buildability benchmarking can help. Construction Management and Economics, 27(1), 41-52.

  • Lopes, J. P., Oliveira, R. A., and Abreu, M. I. (2011). The Construction Industry and The Challenges of the Millennium Development Goals. Management and Innovation for a Sustainable Built Environment, 20-23. Retrieved from on April 26, 2019.

  • Mafimidiwo, B. and Iyagba, R. (2015). Comparative Study of Problems Facing Small Building Contractors in Nigeria and South Africa. Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences (JETEMS), 6(2), 101-109.

  • Mathers, N., Fox, N. and Hunn, A. (2007). Surveys and Questionnaires. The NIHR RDS for the East Midlands / Yorkshire and the Humber. NHS 1-48. Retrieved from on November 11, 2019.

  • Barbosa, F., Woetzel, J., Mischke, J., João Ribeirinho, M., Sridhar, M., Parsons, M., Bertram, N., and Brown, S. (2017). Reinventing Construction: A Route to Higher Productivity. McKinsey Global Institute, 1-20. Retrieved from on September 24, 2019.

  • Nakanoa, D. and Muniz J., (2018). Writing the literature review for empirical papers. Production, 28, 1-9. Retrieved from on November 11, 2019.

  • National Bureau of Statistics (2015). Nigerian construction sector. Summary report: 2010-2012. Retrieved from on April 27, 2019.

  • Nyangwara, P. O. and Datche, E. (2015). Factors affecting the performance of construction projects: a survey of construction projects in the coastal region of Kenya. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 5(10), 1-43.

  • Odediran, S. J., Babalola, M. O., and Adebiyi, H. A. (2013). Assessment of business development strategies in the Nigerian construction industry. Journal of Business and Management, 2(1), 34-45.

  • Okolie, K. C., Ugochukwu, S. C., and Ezeokoli, F. O. (2017). Addressing the building collapse problem in Nigeria: Exploring the builder’s potentials, the builders’ liability insurance option and the health and safety management plan. Environmental Review, 6(1), 71-82.

  • Oladinrin, T. O., Ogunsemi, D. R., and Aje, I. O. (2012). Role of construction sector in economic growth: Empirical evidence from Nigeria. FUTY Journal of the Environment, 7(1), 50-60.

  • Olalusi, O. and Otunola, A. (2012). Abandonment of Building Projects in Nigeria-A Review of Causes and solutions. International Conference on Chemical, Civil and Environment engineering (ICCEE’2012), Dubai, 253-255.

  • Olowa, T. O. O., Amuda, G. Y., and Adebiyi, R. T. (2018). Strategies adopted by Nigerian construction firms in a recessive economy. NIQS, 725-739.

  • Olutuase, S. O. (2014). A study of safety management in the Nigerian construction industry. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 16(3), 1-10.

  • Osuizugbo, I. C. (2018). Builder’s view on the incessant building failures and collapse in Nigeria: A call for an effective national building code. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER), 7(10), 173-180.

  • Osuizugbo, I. C. (2019). Project failure factors affecting building project success in Nigeria: Design and construction phase. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE), 16(1), 01-11.

  • Owolabi, O. S. B. and Olatunji, A. S. (2014). The roles of construction professionals in the Nigeria’s construction industry. Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 19(11), 5-10.

  • Oyewobi, L. O., Ganiyu, B. O., Oke, A. A., Ola-Awo, A. W., and Shittu, A. A. (2011). Determinants of unethical performance in Nigerian construction industry. Journal of Sustainable Development 4(4), 175-182.

  • Ruya, F., Chitumu, D., and Jatau, T. S. (2017). Construction Standard and Regulation in Nigeria. FIG Working Week 2017 Surveying the World of Tomorrow - from Digitalisation to Augmented Reality Helsinki, Finland.

  • Soewin, E. and Chinda, T. (2018). Factors Affecting Construction Performance: Exploratory Factor Analysis. Proceedings of the fourth International Conference on Civil and Environmental Engineering for Sustainability, Langkawi, Malaysia, 140, 012102.

  • Tagesse, B. (2017). Assessment of Construction Performance Challenges in Selected University Building Construction Projects. Master thesis, Addis Ababa Institute of Technology, 1-130.

  • Tunji-Olayeni, P., Mosaku, T. O., Fagbenle, O. I., Omuh, I. O., and Joshua, O. (2016). Evaluating construction project performance: A case of construction SMEs in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Innovation and Business Best Practices, 2016, 1-10.

  • Ugochukwu, S. C. and Onyekwena, T. (2014). Participation of indigenous contractors in Nigerian public sector construction projects and their challenges in managing working capital. International Journal of Civil Engineering, Construction and Estate Management, 1(1), 1-21.


Journal + Issues