Risk Management as a Basis for Integrated Water Cycle Management in Kazakhstan

Burghard Meyer 1 , Lian Lundy 2 , John Watt 2 , Iskandar Abdullaev 3 , and Jose E. Capilla Roma 4
  • 1 Leipzig University, Institute of Geography, Johannisalle 19a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
  • 2 Middlesex University, Department of Natural Sciences, The Burroughs, Hendon, London NW4 4BT, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • 3 CAREC, Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia, 40 Orbita 1, Almaty, 050043, Republic of Kazakhstan
  • 4 Technical University of Valencia, Research Institute of Water and Environmental Eng. Camino de Vera, s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain

Abstract

Integrated Water Cycle Management (IWCM) aims to bring together a diversity of social, environmental, technological and economic aspects to implement sustainable water and land management systems. This paper investigates the challenges and opportunities facing Kazakhstan as it its efforts to move towards a more sustainable approach to managing its finite and highly stressed water resources. The use of a strategic-level risk governance framework to support a multi-disciplinary Kazakh-EU consortium in working collaboratively towards enhancing capacity and capability to address identified challenges is described. With a clear focus on addressing capacity building needs, a strong emphasis is placed on developing taught integrated water cycle management programmes through communication, stakeholder engagement and policy development including appropriate tools for managing the water issues including hydraulic models, GIS-based systems and scenario developments. Conclusions on the benefits of implementing an EU-style Water Framework Directive for Central Asia based on a risk management approach in Kazakhstan are formulated.

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