Bracketing the Age of Freshwater Carbonate Formation by OSL Dating Near Lake Kolon, Hungary

György Sipos 1 , Orsolya Tóth 1 , Eszter Pécsi 1 , and Csaba Bíró 2
  • 1 Department of Physical Geography and Geoinformatics, University of Szeged, Egyetem u. 2-6, H-6722 Szeged, Hungary
  • 2 Directorate of Kiskunság National Park, Liszt F. u. 19, H-6000 Kecskemét, Hungary


Freshwater carbonates are unique depositions in the centre of the Carpathian Basin, with debated origin and age. Their formation on the sand covered area of the Danube-Tisza Interfluve is mainly related to lakes appearing in low lying interdune areas from time-totime. Carbonate deposition is governed by various processes, but in general it can be traced back to climatic and concomitant surface and subsurface hydrological variations. Therefore marl, limestone and dolomite layers can be a marker of environmental change. To identify the type of environmental change they may indicate absolute or numerical ages are needed. In previous studies this issue has been addressed by the means of radiocarbon dating. In the present study we attempted to bracket the age of freshwater carbonate formation with the help of optically stimulated luminescence dating and compared our results to radiocarbon data from the literature. In general, the luminescence properties of the investigated samples proved to be suitable for determining the age of the bedding and covering sediments. OSL dates confirmed previous interpretations that freshwater carbonate formation in the area could have a peak around 10,5 ka. However, the termination of the deposition could not be unambiguously determined at the present stage of the analysis. The compound geomorphology and sedimentology of the study area call for further investigations.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Adamiec, G., Aitken, M. 1998. Dose-rate conversion factors: update. Ancient TL 16 (2), 37-49.

  • Aitken, M.J. 1998. An Introduction to Optical Dating. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 266 p.

  • Bailey, R.M., Arnold, L.J., 2006. Statistical modelling of single grain quartz De distributions and an assessment of procedures for estimating burial dose. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 2475-2502. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2005.09.012

  • Borsy, Z. 1977. A Duna-Tisza köze homokformái és a homokmozgás szakaszai. Alföldi tanulmányok 345, 43-53.

  • Borsy, Z. 1987. Az Alföld hordalékkúpjainak fejlődéstörténete. Acta Academiae Paedagogicae Nyiregyháziensis. 11/H, 5-37.

  • Fügedi, U., Pocsai, T., Kuti, L., Horváth, I., Vatai, J. 2008. A mészfelhalmozódás földtani okai Közép-Magyarország talajaiban. Agrokémia és Talajtan 57 (2), 239-260.

  • Galbraith, R. F., Roberts, R. G. 2012. Statistical aspects of equivalent dose and error calculation and display in OSL dating: An overview and some recommendations Quatermary Geochronology 11, 1-27. DOI: 10.1016/j.quageo.2012.04.020

  • Galbraith, R.F., Roberts, R.G., Laslett, G.M., Yoshida, H., Olley, J.M., 1999. Optical dating of single and multiple grains of quartz from Jinmium rock shelter, northern Australia: Part I, experimental design and statistical models. Archaeometry 41, 339-364. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.1999.tb00987.x

  • Jaskó, S., Krolopp, E. 1991. Negyedidőszaki kéregmozgások és folyóvizi üledékfelhalmozódás a Duna-völgyben Paks és Mohács között. Földtani Intézet Évi Jelentése 1989-ről, 65-84.

  • Jenei, M., Gulyás, S., Sümegi P., Molnár M. 2007. Holocene lacustrine carbonate formation: old ideas in the light of new radiocarbon data from a single site in central Hungary. Radiocarbon 49 (2) 1017-1021.

  • Lóki, J., Hertelendi, E., Borsy, Z. 1994. New dating of blown sand movement in the Nyírség. Acta Geographica Debrecina 32, 67-76.

  • Mauz, B., Bode, T., Mainz, H., Blanchard, W., Hilger, R., Dikau, R., Zöller, L. 2002. The luminescence dating laboratory at the University of Bonn: equipment and procedures. Ancient TL 20, 53-61.

  • Molnár, B., Botz, R. 1996. Geochemistry and stable isotope radio of modern carbonates in natron lakes of the Danube-Tisza interfluve, Hungary. Acta Geol. Hung. 39 (2), 153-174.

  • Molnár, B., Szónoky, M., Kovács, S. 1981. Recens hiperszalin dolomitok diagenetikus és litifikációs folyamatai a Duna-Tisza közén. Földtani Közlöny 111, 119-144.

  • Mucsi, M. 1963. Finomrétegtani vizsgálatok a kiskunsági édesvízi karbonát-képzıdményeken. Földtani Közlöny 93 373-86.

  • Murray, A.S., Wintle, A.G. 2000. Luminescence dating of quartz using an improved single-aliquot regenerative-dose protocol. Radiation Measurements 32, 57-73. DOI: 10.1016/s1350-4487(99)00253-x

  • Pécsi, M. (ed.), 1967. A Dunai Alföld. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.

  • Pécsi , E., Katona, O., Barta, K., Sipos, Gy., Biró, CS. 2014. Mapping possibilities of freshwater limestone around Lake Kolon with gorund penetrating radar. Journal of Environmental Geography 7 (3-4), 13-19. (in this issue)

  • Prescott, J. R., Hutton, J. T. 1994. Cosmic ray contributions to dose rates for luminescence and ESR dating: large depths and longterm time variations. Radiation Measurements 23, 497-500. DOI: 10.1016/1350-4487(94)90086-8

  • Sipos, Gy., Kiss, T., Nyári, D. 2009. Kormeghatározás optikai lumineszcenciával: homokmozgások vizsgálata a történelmi időkben Csengele területén. In: Kázmér, M. (ed.) Környezettörténet. Az elmúlt 500 év környezeti eseményei történeti és természettudományi források tükrében. Hantken Kiadó, Budapest 409-420.

  • Sümegi, P., Molnár, M., Jakab, G., Persaits, G., Majkut, P., Páll, D. G., Gulyási, S., Jull, T. A. J, Törcsik, T. 2011. Radiocarbon-dated paleoenvironmental changes on a lake and peat sediment sequence from the Central Great Hungarian Plain (Central Europe) during the last 25,000 years. Radiocarbon 53 (1), 85-97.

  • Sümegi, P., Mucsi, M., Fényes, J., Gulyás, S. 2005. First radiocarbon dates from the freshwater carbonates of the Danube-Tisza interfluve. In: Hum, L., Gulyás, S., Sümegi, P., (eds.) Environmental Historical Studies from the Late Tertiary and Quaternary of Hungary. Szeged,University of Szeged, Department of Geology and Paleontology, 103-18.

  • Wintle, A., Murray, A. S. 2006. A review of quartz optically stimulated luminescence characteristics and their relevance in singlealiquot regeneration dating protocols. Radiation Measurements 41, 369-391. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2005.11.001


Journal + Issues