Small-Signal Analysis of Autonomous Hybrid Distributed Generation Systems in Presence of Ultracapacitor and Tie-Line Operation

Open access

Small-Signal Analysis of Autonomous Hybrid Distributed Generation Systems in Presence of Ultracapacitor and Tie-Line Operation

This paper presents small-signal analysis of isolated as well as interconnected autonomous hybrid distributed generation system for sudden variation in load demand, wind speed and solar radiation. The hybrid systems comprise of different renewable energy resources such as wind, photovoltaic (PV) fuel cell (FC) and diesel engine generator (DEG) along with the energy storage devices such as flywheel energy storage system (FESS) and battery energy storage system (BESS). Further ultracapacitors (UC) as an alternative energy storage element and interconnection of hybrid systems through tie-line is incorporated into the system for improved performance. A comparative assessment of deviation of frequency profile for different hybrid systems in the presence of different storage system combinations is carried out graphically as well as in terms of the performance index (PI), ie integral square error (ISE). Both qualitative and quantitative analysis reflects the improvements of the deviation in frequency profiles in the presence of the ultracapacitors (UC) as compared to other energy storage elements.

ILIC, M.—GALIANA, F—FINK, L.: Power System Restructuring, Kluwer Academic Publishers, MA, 1998.

KOEPPEL, G.: Distributed generation-literature review and outline of the Swiss situation, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, 2003.

WANG, P.—BILLINTON, R.: Reliability benefit analysis of adding WTG to a distribution system, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers 16 No. 2 (2001), 134-139.

KODAMA, N.—MATSUZAKA, N.—INOMATA, N.: The power variation control of a wind generator by using probabilistic optimal control, Trans. Inst Elect Eng. Japan 121 No. 1 (2001), 22-30.

ANDERSON, P. M.—FOUAD, A. A.: Power System Control and Stability, Ames, IA: Iowa State Univ. Press, 1977.

FYFE, W. S.—POWELL, M. A.—HART, B. R.—RATANASTHIEN, B.: A global crisis: Energy in the future, Nonrenewable Resources 2 (1993), 187-195.

SHIMIZU, T.—HIRAKATA, M.—KAMEZAWA, T.—WATANABE, H.: Generation control circuit for photovoltaic modules, IEEE Trans. Power Elect. 16 No. 3 (2001), 293-300.

MATSUO, H.—KUROKAWA, F.: Novel solar cell power supply system using bidirectional dc-dc converter, Proc IEEE Power Electron Spec. Conf. (PESC), Cambridge, MA, 1982, pp. 14-19.

KYOUNGSOO, R. Rahman—S.: Two loop controller for maximizing performance of a grid-connected, photovoltaic fuel cell hybrid power plant, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers 13 No. 3 (1998), 276-281.

REDDY, K. N.—AGARWAL, V.: Utility interactive hybrid distributed generation scheme with compensation feature, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. 22 No. 3 (2007), 666-673.

GAO, W.: Performance comparison of a fuel cell-battery hybrid power train and a fuel cell-ultra capacitor hybrid power train, IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 54 No. 3 (2005), 846-855.

WEISSBACH, R. S.—KARADY, G. G.—FARMER, R. G.: Dynamic voltage compensation on distribution feeders using flywheel energy storage, IEEE Trans. Power Del. 14 No. 2 (1999), 465-471.

ELGERD, O. I.: Electric Energy Systems Theory-An Introduction, second edition, TMH Publication, New York, 1998.

SENJYU, T.—NAKAJI, T.—UEZATO, K.—FUNABASHI, T.: A hybrid power system using alternative energy facilities in isolated island, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. 20 No. 2 (2005), 406-414.

VALENCIAGA, F.—PULESTON, P. F.—BATTAIOTTO, P. E.: Power control of a solar/wind generation system without wind measurement: A passivity/ sliding mode approach, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. 18 No. 4 (2003), 501-507.

RAJASHEKARA, K.: Hybrid fuel-cell strategies for clean power generation, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 41 No. 3 (2005), 682-689.

VALENCIAGA, F.—PULESTON, P. F.: Supervisor control for a stand-alone hybrid generation system using wind and photovoltaic energy, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. 20 No. 2 (2005), 398-405.

MULJADI, E.—MCKENNA, H. E.: Power quality issues in a hybrid power system, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 38 No. 3 (2002), 803-809.

LEE, D. J.—WANG, L.: Analysis of a novel autonomous marine hybrid power generation/energy storage system with a high-voltage direct current link, Journal of Power Sources 185 No. 2 (Dec. 2008), 1284-1292.

ANDERSON, P. M.—BOSE, A.: Stability simulation of wind turbine system, IEEE Trans. Power App. Syst. 102 No. 12 (1983), 3791-3795.

CONWAY, B. E.: Electrochemical super capacitors scientific fundamentals and technological applications, New York Kluwer Academic / Plenum Press, 1999.

BURKE, A.: Ultra capacitors: why, how, and where is the technology, Journal of Power Sources, ELSEVIER SCIENCE 91 (2000), 37-50.

SPYKER, R. L.—NELMS, R. M.: Analysis of Double-Layer Capacitors Supplying Constant Power Load, IEEE Trans. on Aero. and Elect. Syst. 36 No. 4, 1439-1443.

RAJKARUNA, R. M. A. S.: Small-Signal Transfer Functions Of the classical Boost converter Supplied by Ultracapacitors Banks, IEEE conf. on Ind. Elect. and Appl. (2007), 692-697.

CORLEY, M.—LOCKER, J.—DUTTON, S.—SPEE, R.: Ultracapacitors-based ride through system for adjustable speed drives, IEEE Power conf. (1999).

LAI, J. S.—LEVY, S.—ROSE, M. F.: High energy density double-layer capacitors for energy Storage applications, IEEE Aero. and Elect. Syst. Mag. 7 (1992), 14-19.

DURAN-GOMEZ, J. L—FNJETI, P. N.—JOUANNE, A. VO, N.: An approach to achieve ride-through of an adjustable speed drive with fly back converter modules powered by super capacitors, IEEE Trans. on Ind. appl. 38 (2002), 514-522.

SENJYU, T.—NAKAJI, T.—UEZATO, K.—FUNABASHI, T.: A hybrid power system using alternative energy facilities in isolated island, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. 20 No. 2 (2005), 406-414.

Journal of Electrical Engineering

The Journal of Slovak University of Technology

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.508
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.549

CiteScore 2017: 0.78

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.205
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.506

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 155 155 14
PDF Downloads 55 55 7