Interventional Treatment of Cardiac Emergencies in Children with Congenital Heart Diseases

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Cardiac emergencies in children represent an extremely important issue in medical practice. In general, interventional treatment could be optional in many situations, however it can be indicated in emergency conditions. There are many diseases at pediatric age that can benefit from interventional treatment, thus reducing the surgical risks and subsequent complications. Balloon atrioseptostomy, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure, percutaneous or hybrid closure of a ventricular septal defect, pulmonary or aortic valvuloplasty, balloon angioplasty for aortic coarctation, implantation of a stent for coarctation of the aorta, for severe stenosis of the infundibulum of the right ventricle, or for PDA correction are among the procedures that can be performed in emergency situations. This review aims to present the current state of the art in the field of pediatric interventional cardiology.

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