Spa Garden in Daruvar – Methods of Renewal and Reconstruction

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Abstract

Spa garden in Daruvar ‘Julius’s Park’ is the oldest spa garden in continental Croatia. The counts Jankovich and their successors created the garden during the 18th and 20th century. The garden resumed its nowadays form and surface in the time of count Julius Jankovich in the mid-19th century and it was named after him. The garden is protected as a cultural heritage. The garden’s renovation is seen as an urban, architectural and landscape unity and it attempts to affirm the missing and neglected parts of the garden, to provide technological and municipal space modernization and to make a pleasant urban garden ambiance with new facilities and high space arrangement qualities, contributing to the economic development of the local community.

[1] BOJANIĆ OBAD ŠĆITAROCI B., OBAD ŠĆITAROCI M., Croatian city gardens in 19th century, Zagreb, 2004

[2] There is a magnificent spa garden with beautiful hornbeam trees and pine-wood plantations on the 20 acres of surface. The superb music performs twice every day and there are shadowy, tree avenues for walking in the park and groomed trails through Julius’s wood… Daruvar - mineral and mud baths, Budapest, Athenaeum, 1914

[3] Daruvar’s thermal springs are a special hospital for medical rehabilitation with the hotel Thermal built in1980, a coordinator of the development of health tourism, recreation and Daruvar’s tourist offer. A hospital ward was opened in 1960, and a health resort became a Hospital for gynecological diseases treatment and medical rehabilitation. Simultaneously with the hotel, a spa complex in the west of the hotel and the sports and recreational center were built.

[4] Conservation basis of Daruvar’s spa garden - Julius Park, Public Institution for the Management of Protected Natural Values, Zagreb, 2011.

[5] WALDGONI, R., Review of the historical, urban and architectural growth of Daruvar baths, Zagreb, 1992 The inn and some other buildings with unknown contents disappeared. There are no longer any buildings of Siegenthal’s Bath or two buildings of Mary’s Bath. The Swiss house was built next to the western entrance of the park around 1860 (also called Villa Maria) and intended for the guests’ accommodation. A new building was constructed at the eastern edge of the park - Arcadia, probably built at the same time as the Swiss house, also designed for guests with rooms for rent upstairs. A wooden octagonal music pavilion was built near the restaurant at the same time. Octagonal mud baths were built in 1909 at the site of the demolished Ana’s Bath and Shlammbad - fenced swimming pool from the time of Isidor Jankovic. John’s Bath (built between the 1810-1818) were a building with octagonal prism (drum) on the roof, what meant that there was a swimming pool under the roof. Antun’s Bath built in 1762 and also the oldest building in the park.

[6] Daruvarspa garden, Zagreb, Tipografija, 1929 Spa garden is characterized by its spaciousness, clean roads, beautiful and long lines of trees, numerous benches and beautiful pinewood plantations.

[7] Methodological approach to the reconstruction of the park is based on two charters: Charter ICOMOSIFLA on historic gardens (known in the literature under the name Florence Charter) and Italian Charter of historical gardens, both from the1981. They rely on the Venice Charter from 1964,which refers to the restoration of architectural/building monuments in the spirit of active protection of architectural heritage.

[8] SCHEJBAL B., Daruvar spa garden as an archaeological site and public space, manuscript, 2010 A representative public-thermal-iconic space was located in the lower part next to the thermal springs. The river Toplice separates it from the city center, where another public space from Roman times was located -a forum with the temple of Jupiter.

[9] BAČIĆ, I., Daruvar - the place of relaxation and recreation, Hrvatskevode, vol. 6, (1998), 492-493.

[10] ETINGER, J., List of trees and shrubs of particular species growing in the park Maksimir, Šumarski list, nr. 3, (1893), 112-119.

[11] JAKČIN, M., The historic spa gardens of continental Croatia, Conference of the Historical Heritage of Garden Art, Society of Culture of the Landscape, Zagreb, 2002

[12] JAKČIN, M., The study of renewal and conservation of Daruvar spa garden, Daruvar, 2010

[13] KANIS, K., Exotic plants of Daruvar’s parks, Vrela, Volume 8, (1999), 15-16.

[14] KEMPF, J., From Valley of Požega - geographical and historical sketches for youth, 1914

[15] OBAD ŠĆITAROCI M., BOJANIĆ OBAD ŠĆITAROCI, M. Manors and gardens in Slavonia - from Zagreb to Vukovar, Zagreb, 2001

[16] SZABO, G., From Daruvar’s past and surroundings, Narodnastarina, Zagreb, 1932

YBL Journal of Built Environment

The Journal of Szent István University, Ybl Miklós Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering

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