It is well known that some psychological features of adolescents are positively associated with alcohol drinking but less attention is paid to the psychological features of their significant others. The aim of the study was to describe a common psychological profile of significant others to regularly alcohol drinking adolescents. A survey was conducted using an original questionnaire, which classifying alcohol drinking as regular, social (incidental) and abstinence. Of 903 students (aged 15-19), 169 identified themselves as regular drinkers (RDA) and 279 - as abstainers (NDA). The significant others of these two groups were compared statistically in terms of a wide range of psychological features. It was found that RDAs were significantly more likely to have: fathers (OR=1.94; 95% Cl 1.04-3.62) and friends (OR=l .55; 95% Cl 1.02-2.36) that tended to avoid obligations in favor of pleasure; extravert friends (OR=1.55; 95% Cl 1.06-2.28) and lovers (OR=1.72; 95% Cl 1.14-2.59); impulsive lovers (OR=l .76; 95% Cl 2.86- 1.08), and obeying (OR=l .95; 95% Cl 1.01-3.80) friends; conventional fathers (OR=2.17; 95% Cl 1.27-3.72) and less likely to have independent mothers (OR=0.57; 95% Cl 0.32-0.99) and hardworking friends (OR=0.58; 0.35- 0.95). It seems that significant others of RDAs are less likely to exhibit models of rational reactions in everyday life that prevent adolescents from developing rational personality, thus making it possible to increase the probability of regular drinking in adolescence.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
1. Eitle D. The moderating effects of peer substance use on the family structure-adolescent substance use association: Quantity versus quality of parenting. Addict Behav. 2005;30:963-80.
2. Latendresse SJ Rose RJ Viken RJ Pulkkinen L Kaprio J Dick DM. Parenting mechanisms in links between parents' and adolescents' alcohol use behaviors. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2008;32(2):322-30.
3. Pettersson C Linden-Bostrom M Eriksson C. Parental attitudes and behavior concerning youth alcohol consumption: do sociodemographic factors matter? Scand J Public Health. 2009;37:509-17.
4. Schulenberg J Maggs JL Dielman TE Leech SL Kloska DD Laetz VB. On peer influences to get drunk: A panel study of young adolescents. Merrill-Palmer Quart. 1999;45:108-42.
5. Swadi H. Individual risk factors for adolescent substance use. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1999;55:209-24.
6. Urberg KA Deg'irmenciog'lu SM Pilgrim C. Close friend and group influence on adolescent cigarcttc smoking and alcohol use. Dev Psychol 1997;33:834-44.
7. Freud S. New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis. New York: W W Norton & Co; 1933.
8. Freud S. Das Ich und das Es. Leipzig Vienna and Zurich: Intcmationalcr Psycho-analytischcr Verlag; 1923.
9. Mason WA Hitch JE Kosterman R McCarty CA Hcrrcnkohl Tl Hawkins J D. Growth in adolescent delinquency and alcohol use in relation to young adult crime alcohol use disorders and risky sex: a comparison of youth from low-vcrsus middle-income backgrounds. J Child Psychol Psyc. 2010;51(12): 1377-85.
10. Rothman EF Wise LA Bernstein E Bernstein J. The timing of alcohol use and sexual initiation among a sample of Black Hispanic and White adolescents. J Ethn Subst Abuse. 2009;8(2):129-45.
11. Stueve A O'Donnell LN. Early alcohol initiation and subsequent sexual and alcohol risk behaviors among urban youths. Am J Public Health. 2005;95(5):887-93.
12. Seth P Sales JM DiClemente RJ Wingood GM Rose E Patel SN. Longitudinal examination of alcohol use: a predictor of risky sexual behavior and Trichomonas vaginalis among African-American female adolescents. Sex Transm Dis. 2011 ;38(2):96-101.
13. James LM Taylor J. Impulsivity and negative emotionality associated with substance use problems and Cluster B personality in college students. Addict Bchav. 2007;32:714-27.
14. MacKillop J Mattson RE MacKillop EJA. Multidimensional assessment of impulsivity in undergraduate hazardous drinkers and controls. Alcohol. 2007;68:785-8.
15. Magid V Colder CR. The UPPS Impulsive Behavior Seale: Factor structure and associations with college drinking. Pers Indiv Diff. 2007;43:1927-37.
16. Simons JS Carey KB Gaher RM. Lability and impulsivity syncrgistically increase risk for alcohol-related problems. Am J Drug Alcohol Ab. 2004;30:685-94.
17. MeGue M lacono WG Legrand LN Malone S Elkins 1. Origins and consequences of age at first drink. I. Associations with substance-use disorders disinhibitory behavior and psychopathology and P3 amplitude. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2001;25:1156-65.
18. Fleming JP Kcllam SG Brown CH. Early predictors of age at first use of alcohol marijuana and cigarettes. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1982;9:285-303.
19. Goldman MS Brown SA Christiansen BA Smith GT. Alcoholism and memory: Broadening the scope of alcohol-expectancy research. Psychol Bull 1991;110:137-46.
20. Chassin L Curran PJ Hussong AM Colder CR. The relation of parent alcoholism to adolescent substance use: A longitudinal follow-up study. J Abnorm Psychol. 1996; 105:70-80.
21. White HR Johnson V Buyskc S. Parental modeling and parenting behavior effects on offspring alcohol and cigarette use: A growth curve analysis. J Subst Abuse. 2000;12:287-310.
22. Chassin L Hussong A Barrera M Jr Molina BSG Trim R Ritter J. Adolescent substance use. In: Lemer RM Steinberg L editors. Handbook of adolescent psychology. 2nd cd. Hoboken (NJ): John Wiley & Sons Inc.; 2004. p. 665-96.
23. Barnes GM Rciftnan AS Farrell MP Dintchcft' BA. The effects ofparcnting on the development of adolescent alcohol misuse: A six-wave latent growth model. J Marriage Fam. 2000;62:175-86.
24. Jackson C Henriksen L Dickinson D. Alcohol-spccific socialization parenting behaviors and alcohol use by children. J Stud Alcohol. 1999;60:362-7.
25. Jones DJ Forehand R Brody G Armistcad L. Parental monitoring in African American single motherheaded families. Bchav Modif. 2003;27:435-57.
26. Schomcrus G Corrigan PW Klaucr T Kuwert P Freyberger HJ Lucht M. Self-stigma in alcohol dependence: consequences for drinking-rctusal self-efficacy. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011;114(1): 12-7.
27. Sarov GM. Attitudes of regular alcohol drinking adolescents to intcrsubjcctivc relations and everyday life. J Biomed Clin Res. 2014;7(2): 141-7.
28. Chamova G. [The role of significant others for risk cluster formation in regularly drinking adolescents]. Soc Med (Sofia). 2014;2:22-4. Bulgarian.
29. Chamova G. [Psychosocial determinants of risk behavior in adolescence]. Soc Med (Sofia). 2012;4:4-7. Bulgarian.