Stelis Minima Schenck, 1859 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae) - A Species of Wild Bee New to Polish Fauna

Open access


The paper presents information on Stelis minima Schenck, 1859, a species of cleptoparasitic bee new to Polish fauna representing the family Megachilidae. Stelis minima. probably inhabits most of Europe except for the southern and northern parts of the continent. The species was also found in the southern part of Finland, where it reaches its northern range limit (ca. 62°N). During the years 2002- 2006 four specimens of S. minima were collected in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland (1 male) and Roztocze region (2 females and 1 male). All specimens were observed close to nests of probable host species of solitary bees - Chelostoma campanularum (Kirby, 1802) and Heriades truncorum (Linnaeus, 1758). The female of Stelis minima can be distinguished from other Central European species by the following characteristics: rounded head, clypeus about 1.5 times wider than its length, legs black, hind basitarsus almost parallel sided (not broadened on the distal part), distances between punctures on mesopleurae ca. as big as their diameter, posterior margins of metasomal tergites (T) black and without lateral bands of hair, T1 or T1-2 with small, lateral, yellowish white maculae; the maculae are sometimes absent. The male Stelis minima can be separated from other Central European species by the following characteristics: clypeus short (not covering mandibles), legs black, distances between punctures on mesopleurae and tergites T4-5 ca. as big as their diameter, posterior margins of metasomal tergites black and without lateral bands of hair, T1-2 or T1-3 with small, lateral yellowish white maculae, posterior margin of seventh tergite with short mid-process, posterior margin of third sternite with triangular emargination in the middle, posterior margin of fourth sternite with a tooth-like, mid-process.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Amiet F. Herrmann M. Müller A. Neumeyer R. (2004) - Apidae 4. Anthidium Chelostoma Coelioxys Dioxys Heriades Lithurgus Megachile Osmia Stelis. FaunaHelv. 9 Neuchâtel p. 273.

  • Banaszak J. (1991) - A checklist of the beespecies (Apoidea) of Poland with remarks to their taxonomy and zoogeography. Acta Univ. Lodz. Folia Zool. Anthr. 7: 15-66.

  • Banaszak J. (2000) - A checklist of the bee species (HymenopteraApoidea) of Poland with remarks on their taxonomy and zoogeography: revised version. Fragm. Faun. 43(14): 135-193.

  • Banaszak J. Romasenko L. (1998) - Megachilid Bees of Europe (Hymenoptera Apoidea Megachilidae). Wyd. uczeln. WSP w Bydgoszczy Bydgoszcz p 239.

  • Banaszak J. Romasenko L. Cierzniak T. (2001) - Pszczołowate - Apidae Podrodzina: Megachilinae. Klucze do oznaczania owadów Polski vol. 24 part 68f Toruń pp 156.

  • Celary W. (1989) - Review of the parasitic bees of the family Megachilidae (Hymenoptera Apoidea) in Poland. Pol. Pismo entomol. 59: 335-355.

  • Dylewska M. (1997) - Apoidea. [In:] J. Razowski (ed.): Checklist of Animals of Poland. Wyd. Inst. Syst. Ewol. Zwierz. PAN Kraków pp. 61-74.

  • Elfving R. (1968) - Die Bienen Finnlands. Fauna Fenn. 21: 1-69.

  • Popov V. B. (1932) - Palearktičeskie formy triby Stelidini Roberts (Hymenoptera Megachilidae). Trudy Zool. Inst. Acad. Nauk. SSSR 1: 375-414.

  • Rasmont P. Ebmer P. A. Banaszak J. van der Zanden G. (1995) - Hymenoptera Apoidea Gallica. Liste taxonomique des abeilles de France de Belgique de Suisse et du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Entomol. France 100: 1-98.

  • Schenck A. (1859) - Die nassauischen Bienen. Revision und Ergänzung der früheren Bearbeitungen. Jb. nassau. Ver. Naturk. Wiesbaden 14: 1-414.

  • Scheuchl E. (2006) - Illustrierte Bestimmungstabellen der Wildbienen Deutschlands und Österreichs. Band II: Schlüssel der Arten der Familien Magachilidae und Melittidae. 2. erweitere Auflage. Apollo Books Stenstrup p. 192.

  • Schwarz M. Gusenleitner F. Westrich P. Dathe H. H. (1996) - Katalog der Bienen Österreichs Deutschlands und der Schweiz (Hymenoptera Apidae). Entomofauna supplement 8 p. 398.

  • Stoeckhert F. K. (1932) - Die Bienen Frankens. Eine ökologisch-tiergeographische Untersuchung. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. Beiheft p. 294.

  • Straka J. Bogusch P. Přidal A. (2007) - Apoidea: Apiformes (včely) in: J. Straka P. Bogusch P. Kment (Eds.): Annotated checklist of the Aculeata (Hymenoptera) of the Czech Republik and Slovakia. Acta Entomol. Mus. Nation. Pragae supplementum 11: 241-299.

  • Westrich P. (1990) - Die Wildbienen Baden- Württembergs. Spezieller Teil: Die Gattungen und Arten Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co. Stuttgart p. 535.

Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.804
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.007

CiteScore 2018: 0.98

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.362
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.645

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 192 53 0
PDF Downloads 94 39 0