Mortar is widely used in the construction industry for different purposes. Its compressive strength is the main parameter which is brought under focus. Compressive strength of mortars depends upon many factors such as water-cement ratio, fine aggregates size, and different curing conditions. This experimental study was undertaken to investigate the effect of GGBFS on compressive strength of mortars under different curing regimes using GGBFS as a partial replacement of cement. A total of 60 cubes of standard size of 2 x 2 x 2 inches were casted in laboratory, out of which 12 cubes each were prepared with 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% GGBFS replacement for cement. Cubes were cured for 3, 7, 14 and 28 days. Bases on obtained results it is observed that the maximum compressive strength was achieved by sample with 5% GGBFS, although 10% GGBFS samples achieved higher compressive strength than the control sample with 0% GGBFS. Further replacement beyond this value causes reduction in strength.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Abdel-Shafy, H. I., & Mansour, M. S. (2018). Solid waste issue: Sources, composition, disposal, recycling, and valorization. Egyptian journal of petroleum, 27(4), 1275 – 1290.
Aprianti, E. (2017). A huge number of artificial waste material can be supplementary cementitious material (SCM) for concrete production–a review part II. Journal of cleaner production, 142, 4178 – 4194.
Ashish, D. K. (2019). Concrete made with waste marble powder and supplementary cementitious material for sustainable development. Journal of cleaner production, 211, 716 – 729.
ASTM C39 / C39M-18, Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org.
ASTM C150 / C150M-19a, Standard Specification for Portland Cement, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org.
Baig, M. B., & Khan, N. (2006). Rural development in Pakistan: From vision to action. The Rural Citizen: Governance, Culture and Well-Being in the 21st Century. University of Plymouth, UK.
BS EN 197-1:2011, Cement. Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common cements, British Standard Institution.
Chindaprasirt, P., Jaturapitakkul, C., & Sinsiri, T. (2005). Effect of fly ash fineness on compressive strength and pore size of blended cement paste. Cement and Concrete Composites, 27(4), 425 – 428.
Gettu, R., Patel, A., Rathi, V., Prakasan, S., Basavaraj, A. S., Palaniappan, S., & Maity, S. (2019). Influence of supplementary cementitious materials on the sustainability parameters of cements and concretes in the Indian context. Materials and Structures, 52(1), 10.
Ghrici, M., Kenai, S., & Said-Mansour, M. (2007). Mechanical properties and durability of mortar and concrete containing natural pozzolana and limestone blended cements. Cement and Concrete Composites, 29(7), 542 – 549.
Harbulakova, V. O., Purcz, P., Estokova, A., Luptakova, A., & Repka, M. (2015). Using a Statistical Method for the Concrete Deterioration Assessment in Sulphate Environment. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 43, 2221 – 2226.
Jhatial, A. A., Sohu, S., Memon, M. J., Bhatti, N. K. & Memon, D. (2019). Eggshell powder as partial cement replacement and its effect on the workability and compressive strength of concrete. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 6(9), 71 – 75.
Jhatial, A. A., Sohu, S., Bhatti, N. K., Lakhiar, M. T., & Oad, R. (2018a). Effect of steel fibres on the compressive and flexural strength of concrete. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 5(10), 16 – 21.
Jhatial, A. A., Goh, W. I., Mohamad, N., Sohu, S., & Lakhiar, M. T. (2018b). Utilization of Palm Oil Fuel Ash and Eggshell Powder as Partial Cement Replacement-A Review. Civil Engineering Journal, 4(8), 1977 – 1984.
Juenger, M. C., Snellings, R., & Bernal, S. A. (2019). Supplementary cementitious materials: New sources, characterization, and performance insights. Cement and Concrete Research, 122, 257 – 273.
Kamaruddin, S., Goh, W. I., Jhatial, A. A., & Lakhiar, M. T. (2018). Chemical and Fresh State Properties of Foamed Concrete Incorporating Palm Oil Fuel Ash and Eggshell Ash as Cement Replacement. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(4.30), 350 – 354.
Khan, R. A., & Ganesh, A. (2016). The effect of coal bottom ash (CBA) on mechanical and durability characteristics of concrete. Journal of building materials and structures, 3(1), 31 – 42.
Khitab, A., Arshad, M. T., Awan, F. M., & Khan, I. (2013). Development of an acid resistant concrete: a review. International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology, 4(2), 33 – 38.
Martirena, F., & Monzó, J. (2018). Vegetable ashes as supplementary cementitious materials. Cement and Concrete Research, 114, 57 – 64.
Mangi, S. A., Wan Ibrahim, M. H., Jamaluddin, N., Arshad M. F., Memon, S. A., Shahidan, S. (2019). Effects of Grinding Process on the Properties of the Coal Bottom Ash and Cement Paste. Journal of Engineering Technological Sciences, 51(1): 1 – 13.
Mo, K. H., Alengaram, U. J., & Jumaat, M. Z. (2015). Utilization of ground granulated blast furnace slag as partial cement replacement in lightweight oil palm shell concrete. Materials and structures, 48(8), 2545 – 2556.
Mohamad, N., Lakhiar, M. T., Samad, A. A. A., Mydin, M. A. O., Jhatial, A. A., Sofia, S. A., ... & Ali, N. (2019a). Innovative and sustainable green concrete–A potential review on utilization of agricultural waste. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 601, No. 1, p. 012026). IOP Publishing.
Mohamad, N., Iman, M. A., Samad, A. A. A., Mydin, M. A. O., Jusoh, S., Sofia, A. & Lee, B. (2019b). Flexure Behaviour of Foamed Concrete Incorporating Banana Skin Powder and Palm Oil Fuel Ash Strengthened with Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plate. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 601, No. 1, p. 012025). IOP Publishing.
Patil, Y. O., Patil, P. N., & Kumar, D. A. (2013). GGBS as partial replacement of OPC in cement concrete–An experimental study. International Journal of Scientific Research, 2(11), 189 – 91.
Phul, A. A., Memon, M. J., Shah, S. N. R., & Sandhu, A. R. (2019). GGBS and fly ash effects on compressive strength by partial replacement of cement concrete. Civil Engineering Journal, 5(4), 913 – 921.
Rahman, A. F., Goh, W. I., & Jhatial, A. A. (2019). Flexural Study of Reinforced Foamed Concrete Beam Containing Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) and Eggshell Powder (ESP) as Partial Cement Replacement. International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology, 10(1), 93 – 100.
Saha, S., & Rajasekaran, C. (2017). Enhancement of the properties of fly ash based geopolymer paste by incorporating ground granulated blast furnace slag. Construction and Building Materials, 146, 615 – 620.
Sandhu, A. R., Lakhiar, M. T., Jhatial, A. A., Karira, H., & Jamali, Q. B. (2019). Effect of River Indus Sand and Recycled Concrete Aggregates as Fine and Coarse Replacement on Properties of Concrete. Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, 9(1), 3831 – 3834.
Shah, T. M., Kumar, A., Shah, S. N. R., Jhatial, A. A., & Janwery, M. H. (2019). Evaluation of the Mechanical Behavior of Local Brick Masonry in Pakistan. Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, 9(3), 4298 – 4300.
Sohu, S., Ullah, K., Jhatial, A. A., Jaffar, M., & Lakhiar, M. T. (2018). Factors adversely affecting quality in highway projects of Pakistan. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 5(10), 62 – 66.
Suhendro, B. (2014). Toward green concrete for better sustainable environment. Procedia Engineering. 95: 305 – 320.
Suresh, D., & Nagaraju, K. (2015). Ground granulated blast slag (GGBS) in concrete–a review. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, 12(4), 76 – 82.