Comparative Analysis of Structure-From-Motion Software’s –An Example of Letychiv (Ukraine) Castle and Convent Buildings

Open access


Letychiv (pl. Latyczów) is a town located in central Ukraine in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast. It has a unique and complicated history. Second World War left it in ruin, destroying buildings, infrastructure and decimating its once large population. Perhaps the most prominent part of the town currently is the building Dominican convent with adjoin Letychiv Assumption Church. This object is surrounded by what is left of the previously impressive Letychiv Castle, founded by Jan Potocki in 1598. Past 30 years have been dedicated by this small Catholic parish towards rebuilding monastery-castle-church complex. Since this is an ongoing project, it was decided to perform a photographic inventory of the current state of the construction and to create a 3D digital model of the castle, facade of the church and monastery, and the altar. This task have proven to be difficult due to complicated structure of the object. Facades and inner parts of the church are almost white with limited number of distinctive elements, painted in pail gold. Elements other than white are almost identical to each other. It leads to various errors in the processing of Structure-from-motion. This article describes how various versions of SfM algorithm work thru mention difficulties, compares results in terms of accuracy, level of detail and overall look. It also describes how SfM can help to document various stages of restoration of important historical objects.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Chiabrando F. Donadio E. Rinaudo F. (2015). SfM for ortophoto generation: a winning approach for cultural heritage knowledge. The International Archives of the Photogrammetry Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences Volume XL-5/W7 91-98 doi: 10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-5-W7-91-2015.

  • De Reu J. Plets G. Verhoeven G. De Smedt P. Bats M. Cherrette B. De Maeyer W. Deconynck J. Herremans D. Laloo P. Van Meirvenne M. De Clercq W. (2013). Towards a three-dimensional cost-effective registration of the archeological heritage. Journal of Archeological Science 40 1108-1121 doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2012.08.040.

  • Doneus M. Verhoeven G. Fera M. Briese Ch. Kucera M. Neubauer W. (2011). From Deposit to Point Cloud – a Study of Low-Cost Computer Vision Approaches for the Straightforward Documentation of Archaeological Excavations. Geoinformatics. 6 (XXIIIrd International CIPA Symposium). 81-88 doi: 10.14311/gi.6.11.

  • Gao Y. Luo J. Qiu H. and Wu B. (2014) Survey of structure from motion. Proceedings of 2014 International Conference on Cloud Computing and Internet of ThingsChangchun 72-76 doi: 10.1109/CCIOT.2014.7062508.

  • Green S. Bevan A. Shapland M. (2014). A Comparative Assessment of Structure from Motion Methods for Archaeological Research. Journal of Archaeological Science Volume 46 173-181 doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2014.02.030.

  • Joachimski J. Mierzwa M. and Tokarczyk R. (2007). 3D visualization in the promotion of cultural heritage. Annals of Geomatics T.5 z.8 162-172.

  • Krawczyk A. Stawarczyk Z. Wojciechowski D. (2016).Koncepcja trójwymiarowego modelu wyrobisk Kopalni Soli Wieliczka dla poprawy warunków zarządzania bezpieczeństwem ruchu kopalni (The concept of a threedimensional model of excavations of the Wieliczka Salt Mine to improve the conditions of management of mine traffic safety) Przegląd Górniczy T. 72 nr 1 p.11-17.

  • Ryan J.C. Hubbard. A.L. Box J.E. Todd J. Christoffersen P. Carr J. R. Holt T.O. and Snooke N. (2015). UAV photogrammetry and structure from motion to assess calving dynamics at Store Glacier a large outlet draining the Greenland ice sheet The Cryosphere 9 1–11 doi:10.5194/tc-9-1-2015.

  • Shah Y. Raut S. Wadle S. Patil S. (2018). A study of structure from motion photogrammetry for generating 3D model from 2D images. IOSR Jornal of Engineering (IOSRJEN) ISSN (e): 2250-3021 ISSN (p): 2278-8719 Volume 4 72-76.

  • Sona G. Pinto L. Pagliari D. Passoni D. and Gini R. (2014). Experimental analysis of different software packages for orientation and digital surface modeling from UMV images Earth Science Information 7(2) 97-107 doi: 10.1007/s12145-013-0142-2.

  • Strach M. A. Tama P. Lewinska 2016 Comparative Analysis of 3D Models Made with Various Technologies on the Example of Altar in the Wang Temple in Karpacz from: (accessed Nov 12 2018).

  • Szumił H.I. (2015). “Nigdym ja ciebie ludu nie rzuciła” Z dziejów latyczowskiej Ikony Wydawnictwo Diecezjalne i Drukarnia w Sandomierzu (in polish).

  • Westoby M.J. Brasington J. Glasser N.F. Hambrey M.J. and Reynolds J.M. (2012). Structure-from-Motion’ photogrammetry: a low-cost effective tool for geoscience applications. Geomorphology 179 300–314 doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2012.08.021.

  • Wu Y. Hu Z. (2006) PnP Problem Revisited Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision 24 131–141 doi: 10.1007/s10851-005-3617-z.

  • Verhoeven G. Taelman D. Vermeulen F. (2012). Computer vision based orthophoto mapping of complex archaeological sites: the ancient quarry of Pitaranha. Archaeometry 54.6 1114-1129 doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2012.00667.x.

  • (CloudCompare web page last access: 05.11.18).

  • (Agisoft Photoscan webpage last access: 05.11.18).

  • (ContextCapture webpage last access: 05.11.18).

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 155 155 9
PDF Downloads 98 98 9