Mining Activity and its Remains - The Possibilities of Obtaining, Analysing and Disseminating of Various Data on the Example of Miedzianka, Lower Silesia, Poland

Open access


The article presents comprehensive documentation of the situation of post-mining Miedzianka village (former town), which is located in Lower Silesia, in south-western Poland. Due to the long-term expansive mining exploitation since the 14th century, over time Miedzianka was completely destroyed and depopulated, thus nowadays, only a few inhabitants live there. The basis for the conducted research area were changes in land and urban structure that have been occurring for centuries in connection with mining operation of copper and uranium. The authors focused on presenting the changes using archival cartographic documentation, land surveying measurements and 3D modelling. That data allowed to determine on the ground specific sites related to mining operations, discover old urban buildings, performing their 3D models and finding places potentially threatened by continuous and discontinuous deformations. The combination of all the data allowed to present the full situation that occurred in Miedzianka.

DeBruin N. M., Prescott C., L., 2005. The Maryland Coal Mine Mapping Project: Providing Access to Historic Maps for Today’s Uses. World of Coal Ash Conference, Conference Papers, Lexington.

Chrobak T., Szombara S., Kozioł K., Lupa M. 2017. A method for assessing generalized data accuracy with linear object resolution verification, Geocarto International, 32:3, 238-256, DOI: 10.1080/10106049.2015.1133721.

Gomarasca M., 2009. Basic of Geomatics. Springer, pp. 10-11.

Krawczyk A., 2018. A concept for the modernization of underground mining master maps based on the enrichment of data definitions and spatial database technology. E3S Web Conf., EDP Sciences, 26(00010).

Longley P. A., Goodchild M. F., Maguire D. J., & Rhind D. W., 2001. Geographic information systems and science. Chichester: Wiley, pp. 4-11.

Mancia, M.S., Mancia, A., 2017, Elements in the market of the real estate property in Oradea, Journal of applied engineering sciences, Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 44-47, DOI: 10.1515/jaes-2017-0012.

Madziarz, M., 2009. Kopalnie „Czarnów”, „Miedzianka” i „Stara Góra” w poszukiwaniach okruszcowania uranowego oraz rud metali w latach 40. i 50. XX w. in Dzieje górnictwa – element europejskiego dziedzictwa kultury t. 2 (“Czarnów”, “Miedzianka” and “Stara Góra” mines in the search for uranium and metal ores in the 1940s and 1950s, in History of mining -element of European cultural heritage, Volume 2), Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej, Wrocław, pp. 166-193.

Madziarz M., 2010. „Cuprifodina in montibus” o historii i pozostałościach dawnych robót górniczych w rejonie miedzianki – miasta zrodzonego i unicestwionego przez górnictwo w Dzieje górnictwa – element europejskiego dziedzictwa kultury, t. 3 (“Cuprifodina in montibus” about the history and remains of former mining works in the area of Miedzianka - a town born and destroyed by mining, in History of mining - element of European cultural heritage, Volume 3), Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej, Wrocław, pp. 258-287.

Makuch M., Stolarczyk T., 2013. Miedzianka. 700 lat dziejów górniczego miasta (Miedzianka. 700 years of the history of the mining town’s). Muzeum Miedzi w Legnicy, Legnica.

Olejnik K., 2015. Portal mapowy jako źródło informacji o terenie pogórniczym na przykładzie Zagłębia Wałbrzyskiego (Geoportal as the source of geographical information about post-mining area based on the example of the Wałbrzych Coal Basin). Hereditas Minariorum, Vol. 2, pp. 161-174.

Ryan J., Hubbard A., Box J., Todd J., Christoffersen P., Carr R., Holt T. O., Snooke N., 2015. UAV photogrammetry and structure from motion to assess calving dynamics at Store Glacier, a large outlet draining the Greenland ice sheet, The Cryosphere, 9, 1–11.

Springer F., 2011. Miedzianka. Historia znikania. (Miedzianka. History of disappearance). Czarne.

Szmytkie R., Krzysztofik R., Dymitrow M., Kantor-Pietraga I., Pełka-Gościniak J., Spórna T., Brauer R., 2015. Miasta zdegradowane a procesy opustoszania (Degraded towns and urban abandonment). University of Gothenburg, pp. 198-200.

Staffa M., 1998. Rudawy Janowickie, Słownik Geografii Turystycznej Sudetów, tom 5 (Rudawy Janowickie, Dictionary of the touristic geography of the Sudety mountains, volume 5) IBIS, Wrocław.

Strach M., Tama A., Lewińska P., 2017 Comparative Analysis of 3D Models Made with Various Technologies on the Example of Altar in the Wang Temple in Karpacz, 2017 Baltic Geodetic Congress (BGC Geomatics), Gdansk, 2017, pp. 116-120. doi: 10.1109/BGC.Geomatics.2017.17.

Tama A., Adamek K., Pargieła K., Ochałek A., Krawczyk A., Lupa M., 2018. Monitoring of historical land use changes caused by underground mining in Miedzianka town, based on a webgis tool and InSAR observations, Journal of Civil Engineering, Environment and Architecture, 65(1), pp. 127-140. DOI:10.7862/rb.2018.14.

Zimnoch E., 1978. Mineralizacja kruszcowa złoża Miedzianka w Sudetach (Mineralisation of the Miedzianka deposit in the Sudety Mountains), Biuletyn Instytutu Geologicznego, 308(1), pp. 91–134.

Demographic data for Miedzianka village for years 2002-2011, (view at 12 Nov. 2018).

What is ArcGIS Online? (view at 10 Nov. 2018).

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 129 129 31
PDF Downloads 88 88 15