Using Different Mapping Function In GPS Processing For Remote Sensing The Atmosphere

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Abstract

Due to development of GPS technology and by using the combination LC of L1 and L2 frequency the first order effect of the ionosphere tends to be canceled. Thus the main source of errors in the atmosphere which causes the delay in GPS signal is the neutral part of the atmosphere, usually referred to tropospheric delay. In general, the delay is computed at the zenith direction and it is referred to zenith tropospheric delay. The zenith tropospheric delay consist of two parts: zenith hydrostatic delay and zenith wet delay. The zenith hydrostatic delay can be very well modeled which accounts for nearly 90% to 100% of the atmospheric delay. The zenith wet delay is due to the water vapor and represents the “harder” part that need to be modeled caused by “unmixed” condition of the wet atmosphere. The influence of the zenith wet delay is around 0-40 cm. The aim of the article is to present the results obtain on the network of three station which were spread around the Oradea city using different types of mapping functions. The mapping functions are: global pressure and temperature – GPT2 and Vienna mapping function – VMF1. For the vertical studies to obtain the highest accuracy, the recommended mapping function is VMF1.

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