Social Disparities in the Regional Development and Policies of Romania

Open access


This article analyzes the current state of regional disparities in Romania and their dynamics. An index of social development (IDSL) is proposed and computed for each of the communes and cities of the country. The concept basis of that index is given by the notion of community capital with its human, material and vital components. The configuration of social regional disparities results by aggregating IDSL values by counties, communes of the same county, cities of the same county, historical regions and development regions. Regional disparities are analysed, on the one hand, by aggregated values of that index and, on the other hand, by considering the dynamics of GDP per inhabitant, infant mortality rate and life expectancy at birth. The key axes of regional disparities in Romania are related to rural-urban residence, population density, accessibility to service and employment centres, agricultural vs. non-agricultural employment, and network capital of the population. Policy implications of the analysis are introduced by a discussion section at the end of the paper.

Comisia Comunităţilor Europene (2008) Carta Verde privind Coeziunea Teritorială. Transformarea diversităţii teritoriale într-un element forte, (data consultarii: 1 octombrie 2010)

Commission of the European Communities (2008) Classifications of NUTS3 regions, Annex to Green Paper on Territorial Cohesion Turning territorial diversity into strength, (data consultarii: 1 octombrie 2010)

Demolins, E. (1902) Les Grandes Routes des Peuples. Essai de Géographie sociale. Comment la route crée le type social. Revue internationale de l’enseignement, 43.

EUROSTAT (2010) European Regional and Urban Statistics. Reference Guide. Bruxelles: European Commission

Guvernul României, Comisia Europeană (1997) Carta Verde a Dezvoltării Regionale, (data consultarii: 1 octombrie 2010)

Emery, M., Flora, C. (2006) Spiraling-Up: Mapping Community Transformation with Community Capitals Framework. Community Development, 37(1):19-35.

EUROSTAT (2010) European regional and urban statistics. Reference guide, European Commission.

Golopenţia, A. [1939] (1999) Gradul de modernizare al regiunilor rurale ale României, în Sociologie Românească 1939, 4-6:209-217, republicat în Golopenţia, A. (1999) Opere Complete. Vol. II. Statistică, Demografie şi Geopolitică. Bucureşti: Editura Enciclopedică, Editura Univers Enciclopedic.

Lutz, W. (1995) Literate Life Expectancy. POPNET 26 (Winter): 1-5. Laxenburg, Austria: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.

Ministerul Agriuculturii şi Dezvoltării Rurale (MADR) (2010) Programul National de Dezvoltare Rurala, 2007-2013, (consultat noiembrie 2010)

Perben, D. Şi J.-P. Courtois (2009) Rapport de synthese des travaux des parlementaires de la majorite sur la reforme des collectivites locales. Assemblee Nationale, (data consultarii: 1 octombrie 2010)

Rotariu, T. (2009) Disparităţile teritoriale. În M. Preda (coord.) Riscuri şi inechităţi sociale în România. Iaşi: Editura Polirom.

Sandu, D. (1999) Spaţiul social al tranziţiei. Iaşi: Editura Polirom.

Sandu, D. (2005) Dezvoltare comunitară. Cercetare, practică, ideologie. Iaşi: Editura Polirom.

Sandu, D., Voineagu, V. Şi F. Panduru. (2009) Dezvoltarea comunelor din România. INS, FSAS-UB, Bucuresti, (consultat septembrie 2010).

Sandu, D. (2010) Modernising Romanian Society Through Temporary Work Abroad. In R. Black, G. Engbersen, M. Okólski şi C. Pantiru (eds.), A Continent Moving West? EU enlargement and labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 271-288.

Williamson, J. (1965) Regional inequality and the process of national development: a description of the patterns. Economic Development and Culture Change, XIII (4): 3-84.

Journal Information

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 58 58 10
PDF Downloads 24 24 3