Analysis of the sorption properties of different soils using water vapour adsorption and potentiometric titration methods

Open access


Parameters of specific surface area as well as surface charge were used to determine and compare sorption properties of soils with different physicochemical characteristics. The gravimetric method was used to obtain water vapour isotherms and then specific surface areas, whereas surface charge was estimated from potentiometric titration curves. The specific surface area varied from 12.55 to 132.69 m2 g−1 for Haplic Cambisol and Mollic Gleysol soil, respectively, and generally decreased with pH (R=0.835; α = 0.05) and when bulk density (R=−0.736; α = 0.05) as well as ash content (R=−0.751; α = 0.05) increased. In the case of surface charge, the values ranged from 63.00 to 844.67 μmol g−1 Haplic Fluvisol and Mollic Gleysol, respecively. Organic matter gave significant contributions to the specific surface area and cation exchange capacity due to the large surface area and numerous surface functional groups, containing adsorption sites for water vapour molecules and for ions. The values of cation exchange capacity and specific surface area correlated linearly at the level of R=0.985; α = 0.05.

Andersson S., Nilsson S.I., and Saetre P., 2000. Leaching of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) in mor humus as affected by temperature and pH. Soil Biol. Chemistry, 32, 1-10.

Bieganowski A., Witkowska-Walczak B., Gliński J., Sokołowska Z., Sławiński C., Brzezińska M., and Włodarczyk T., 2013. Database of Polish arable mineral soils: a review. Int. Agrophys., 27, 335-350.

Brunauer S., Emmet P.H., and Teller E., 1938. Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 60, 309-319.

Chantigny M.H., 2003. Dissolved and water-extractable organic matter in soils: a review on the influence of land use and management practices. Geoderma, 113, 357-380.

Chiou C.T. and Rutherford D.W., 1997. Effects of exchangeable cation and layer charge on sorption of water and EGME vapors on montmorillonite clay. Clays Clay Miner., 45, 867-880.

Dontsova K.M., Norton L.D., Johnston C.T., and Bigham J.M., 2004. Influence of exchangeable cations on water adsorption by soil clays. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 68, 1218-1227.

Erashin S., Gunal H., Kutlu T., Yetgin B., and Coban S., 2006. Estimating specific surface area and cation exchange capacity in soils using fractal dimension of particle-size distribution. Geoderma, 136, 588-597.

Esmaeilzadeh J. and Ahangar A.G., 2014. Influence of soil organic matter content on soil physical, chemical and biological properties. IJPAES, 4, 244-252.

Józefaciuk G., Muranyi A., and Alekseeva T., 2002. Effect of extreme acid and alkali treatment on soil variable charge. Geoderma, 109, 225-243.

Józefaciuk G. and Shin J.S., 1996. Water vapor adsorption on soils: II. Estimation of adsorption energy distributions using local BET and Aranovich isotherms. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fertilizer, 29/3, 218-225.

Józefaciuk G., Toth T., and Szendrei G., 2006. Surface and micro-pore properties of saline soil profiles. Geoderma, 135, 1-15.

Kalembasa D., Pakuła K., and Jaremko D., 2011. Sorption properties of soils in the Siedlce upland (in Polish). Acta Agrophysica, 18(2), 311-319.

Karavanova E.I., 2013. Dissolved organic matter: Fractional composition and sorbability by the soil solid phase (review of literature). Eurasian Soil Sci., 46, 833-844.

Marschner B. and Kalbitz K., 2003. Controls of bioavailability and biodegradability of dissolved organic matter in soils. Geoderma, 113, 211-235.

Matyka-Sarzyńska D. and Sokołowska Z., 2005. Physicochemical properties of mucks at different stage of secondary transformations (in Polish). Acta Agrophysica, 123, 1-68.

Petersen L.W., Moldrup P., Jacobsen O.H., and Rolston D.E., 1996. Relation between specific surface area and soil physical and chemical properties. Soil Sci., 161, 9-21.

PN-Z-19010-1, 1997. Soil quality. Determination of the specific surface area of soils by water sorption. Polish Norms, Warsaw, Poland.

Sokołowska Z., 1992. On the role of energetic and geometric heterogeneity in sorption of water vapour by soils. Application of the fractal approach. Geoderma, 45, 251-265.

Sokołowska Z., Matyka-Sarzyńska D., and Bowanko G., 2004. Specific surface area of Lublin Polesie mucks determined from water vapour and nitrogen adsorption data. Int. Agrophysics, 18, 363-368.

WRB, 2006. World Resources Base. FAO, Rome, Italy.

Yukselen-Aksoy Y. and Kaya A., 2010. Method dependency of relationships between specific surface area and soil physicochemical properties. Applied Clay Sci., 50, 182-190.

International Agrophysics

The Journal of Institute of Agrophysics of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.242
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.267

CiteScore 2018: 1.44

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.399
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.891

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 211 166 9
PDF Downloads 83 71 6